A stunningly beautiful flask made for the Qianlong Emperor and hidden for a century was sold at Bonhams today, 7th November, for £1,482,500, one of the highest prices achieved for any object in London's Asian Art Week auction sales. Bought by a Hong Kong buyer the moonflask is going home to China.
A stunningly beautiful turquoise vase with a rampant red Imperial dragon was estimated to command a price of £500,000 to £800,000 because of its rarity, beauty, and its Imperial provenance. But enthusiastic bidding from a huge audience of bidders crowding Bonhams new headquarter salerooms in New Bond Street, saw its price rocket beyond the pre-sale estimate.
The flask is one of less than five such vessels known made for the Qianlong Emperor, who reigned from 1736 to 1795. A distinguished connoisseur of ceramics in his own right, the Qianlong Emperor presided over one of the greatest flowerings of Chinese art production, and pieces from this period are amongst the most highly sought-after today.
This flat-sided full-bodied flask – round like the moon, hence its name 'moonflask' in English and 'baoyueping' or 'bianhu' in Chinese– is also traditionally known as a 'pilgrim's flask' in the West, since it takes its form from a Middle Eastern prototype for water flasks, which were often carried by travellers. The auspicious five-clawed Imperial dragon flying amongst clouds follows a traditional design dating back to the 14th century.
Colin Sheaf, Bonhams Deputy Chairman and Head of Asian Art, said: "This has been a fantastic way to inaugurate the new London saleroom with such a magnificent object achieving such a stunning price during Asian Art Week in London."
He added: 'The moonflask is a superb example of porcelain created at the highest level of the potters art for a sophisticated and demanding Imperial Court in Beijing. Bonhams is honoured to have sold this rare masterwork which came from an English collection made before 1900. The reappearance of this flask, unknown to collectors for nearly a century, is a very exciting event in the world of Chinese art."
Collected in China by Captain Charles Oswald Liddell (1854-1941), the vase was brought back to England by him to his country house Shirenewton Hall, a Grade II listed house near Chepstow in Monmouthshire. The Liddell home provided a suitably impressive setting for this Chinese treasure, surrounded by parkland with views over the 'Golden Valley', the Bristol Channel and beyond to the Mendip and Quantock Hills.
Captain Liddell was based in China from 1877 to 1913, running his family's firm for more than three decades whilst also developing his eye for and knowledge of Chinese art. He was fortunate to be present at a crossroads in Chinese history, just as 2,000 years of Imperial power was ending and Imperial pieces were becoming available to Western collectors astonished by their beauty. On his return from China, Captain Liddell created a Japanese Garden and erected an immense 1.5 tonne temple bell under a pagoda roof on the east lawn, reflecting his appreciation of Asian cultures.
Flasks of this type are much sought after by the world's leading museums for the extremely rare decorative style combining underglaze painting in cobalt-blue and copper-red minerals further enhanced by a fine translucent turquoise glaze. An artistic and technological triumph, it was expected to be fought over by the new generation of collectors emerging from China, eager to acquire a piece of Imperial history and willing to pay exceptional prices for such exceptionally rare treasures.
NOTES FOR EDITORS
Bonhams, founded in 1793, is one of the world's largest auctioneers of fine art and antiques. The present company was formed by the merger in November 2001 of Bonhams & Brooks and Phillips Son & Neale. In August 2002, the company acquired Butterfields, the principal firm of auctioneers on the West Coast of America. Today, Bonhams offers more sales than any of its rivals, through two major salerooms in London: New Bond Street and Knightsbridge; and a further three in the UK regions and Scotland. Sales are also held in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Carmel, New York and Connecticut in the USA; and Germany, France, Monaco, Hong Kong and Australia. Bonhams has a worldwide network of offices and regional representatives in 25 countries offering sales advice and valuation services in 60 specialist areas. For a full listing of upcoming sales, plus details of Bonhams specialist departments go to www.bonhams.com