A group of 3 Autograph Letters Signed:
1. Autograph Letter Signed, to an unidentified correspondent, in French, 1 p, April 16.
2. Autograph Letter Signed to [Jean-Ernest] Godard, 1 p, April 30, , with envelope addressed by Andral, with imperforate blue 20 centime Napoleon III stamp.
3. Autograph Letter Signed to [Jean-Ernest] Godard, 1 p, n.d.
These letters primarily discuss personal schedules and times to meet, indicative of Andral's busy schedule, and that of his colleagues.
Gabriel Andral was a leading French physician and pathologist who is considered to be a pioneer of hematology. His five-volume monograph on clinical medicine was an exhaustive summary of the state of medicine in the early 19th century. Andral also edited the 1836 edition of Laennec's book on auscultation. He wrote the first monograph on hematology in 1843 (Garrison-Morton-Norman 3060). "Virchow placed Andral highest among the leaders of the Paris school.... Andral once stated that he had studied medicine three times: when he learned pathological anatomy, when he learned the new methods of physical diagnosis, and when he started his study of hemopathology" (Ackerknecht, Medicine at the Paris Hospital pp 105-107). "Andral's Clinique medicale (1829-33) was the first work of the kind made famous by Trousseau, Dieulafoy, and others, in which a series of medical cases is employed as a means of establishing the data of internal medicine. In Andral's series, the clinical pictures of the development of morbid processes were masterly. His chemical studies of the blood (with Gaverret), the only thing of the kind after Hunter and Hewson, led him to the conclusion that there are primary blood diseases, a phase of humoral pathology which was again to be revived by Ehrlich" (Garrison, History of Medicine 1929, 415). For Jean-Ernest Godard (1827-1862) see Hirsch 2:780.