A RARE DINGYAO SPITTOON, ZHADOU Northern Song Dynasty

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Lot 65
A RARE DINGYAO SPITTOON, ZHADOU
Northern Song Dynasty

Sold for HK$ 477,500 (US$ 61,429) inc. premium
A RARE DINGYAO SPITTOON, ZHADOU
Northern Song Dynasty
Thinly potted with a compressed globular body incised around the exterior with stylised peony petals, the waisted neck surmounted by a wide flared mouth carved with further floral motifs, covered overall in a creamy-white glaze of ivory tone.
22cm (8 5/8in) diam.

Footnotes

  • 北宋 定窯白釉劃牡丹紋唾盂

    Provenance:
    Berwald Oriental Art, London
    Professor Conrad Harris, UK, acquired from the above on 30 April 2002

    來源:
    英國倫敦古董商Berwald Oriental Art
    英國康拉德・哈里斯教授收藏,2002年4月30日購自上者

    Conrad Harris became interested in Chinese pottery in the late 1990s, around the time he retired as Professor of General Practice at Leeds University. Having moved from a career in medical academia, he took an academic approach to learning about the styles and artefacts of different periods, from the Neolithic to the great dynasties of China. Harris was a highly erudite collector who travelled extensively in China, pursuing his interest in ancient pottery wares through many provincial museums. He gave regular lectures and, in 2002, gained a Diploma in Asian Art from the British Museum. He was an active member of the Oriental Ceramics Society and in the 2003/04 Oriental Ceramic Society Transactions, he contributed the lecture 'Chinese ceramic horses and how they changed'. Most importantly, he gained immense pleasure from seeing his collection take pride of place on the shelves all around his study.

    Dingyao spittoon of this form are rare with very few published examples. See a related 'Ding' tuoyu, in the collection of the Palace Museum, Beijing, similarly carved with lotus flowers borne on an undulating scroll on the wide rim but with a truncated cylindrical body, illustrated in The Complete Works of Chinese Ceramics, Shanghai, 1999, vol.7, Part 11, no.20. Compare also with a related Dinagyao white-glazed tuoyu in Dingzhou City Museum, Northern Song, which was illustrated in The Complete Collection of Ceramic Art Unearthed in China, Beijing, 2008, vol.3, pl.95, no.95.

    This type of spittoon appeared to be popular in Northern China since Tang dynasty, particularly more common in Liao and Jing areas. See a related white-glazed Ding spittoon, Liao dynasty, unearthed in Inner Mongolia, which was illustrated in ibid, vol.4, pl.52, p.52; see also another white-glazed spittoon, Tang dynasty, in the Shangxi Provincial Museum, which was illustrated in ibid, vol.5, pl.45, p.45. For its usage, see a mural unearthed from a princely tomb, Liao dynasty, in Inner Mongolia, which depicts a male servant holding a spittoon in his hands with a female servant holding a towel, illustrated in The Complete Collection of Murals Unearthed in China, Beijing, 2012, vol.3, pl.91, p.93.

    圓唇,口沿如盤,其上劃牡丹紋三組,以篦刀劃花瓣花葉經脈,直頸球身,身刻仰瓣六片環繞一周,圈足矮短,稍稍外撇,器底內外現旋坯痕跡,唾盂內外施白釉,釉質厚潤,積厚處閃青,圈足露胎,修足公正,胎骨細膩,略粘窯渣。

    類似定窯唾盂可參考一件北京故宮藏品,惟劃蓮紋,見《中國陶瓷全集》,上海,1999年,卷7,編號20。定州市博物館藏一件北宋白釉花式口渣斗亦資比較,見《中國出土瓷器全集》,北京,2008年,卷3,編號95,頁95;另可參考內蒙古出土一件遼代白釉唾盂,素身而形制類似,見前書,卷4,頁52,編號52。此一形制之白釉唾盂最早可追溯到唐代,比較山西博物院藏一件唐代白釉唾盂,見前書,卷5,頁45,編號45。

    此類唾盂集中出現在北方地區,尤以遼金轄地居多。1986年內蒙古遼代陳國公主與駙馬合葬墓出土壁畫有一幀男女仕女圖,其中有一男侍者手捧唾盂,旁邊有一女侍者手持長巾,可知此類唾盂乃是盥洗之物,見《中國出土壁畫全集》,北京,2012年,卷3,頁93,編號91。

    藏者Conrad Harris教授為英國利茲大學基礎醫學教授,1990年代退休之後雅好中國陶瓷。Harris氏以醫學訓練之科學眼光鑑賞新石器時代至清代的中國陶瓷,他身體力行,造訪各個窯址及中國各大博物館,又在2002年獲得大英博物館的亞洲藝術文憑。Harris氏身為倫敦東方陶瓷學會之活躍分子,在2003/04年度的《東方陶瓷學會期刊》上發表並演講了《中國陶瓷馬及其源流(Chinese ceramic horses and how they changed)》一文。
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A RARE DINGYAO SPITTOON, ZHADOU Northern Song Dynasty
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