<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52

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Lot 144
Offered from the Clem and Mary Lange Collection
1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet
Coachwork by Franay

US$ 800,000 - 1,000,000
£ 570,000 - 710,000
1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet
Coachwork by Franay

Chassis no. 57127
Engine no. 52

3,257cc DOHC Inline 8-Cylinder Engine
Dual Throat Updraft Stromberg UUR-2 Carburetor
130bhp at 5,000rpm
4-Speed Manual Transmission
Semi-Elliptic Leaf Springs with Rigid Front Axle – Live Rear Axle
4-Wheel Cable Operated Drum Brakes

*The only Bugatti Type 57 bodied by Franay
*Delivered new to German movie star Hella Hartwich and formerly in the collection of famed French filmmaker Jean Rouch
*Subject of a nearly $650,000 restoration
*A stunning concours or tour automobile


THE BUGATTI TYPE 57

The Type 57 Bugatti, introduced in 1934, marked Jean Bugatti's emergence as Bugatti's leader and creative force. It was the first new model built under his direction and it incorporated many features that were new to Bugatti. Its dual overhead camshaft eight-cylinder engine had dimensions of 72x100mm, offering 3,257cc displacement. The crankshaft ran in five main bearings. The camshafts were driven by a train of helical-tooth gears at the engine's rear with a further crankshaft bearing behind them. Finger cam followers minimized side thrust on the valve stems.

The Type 57 also marked Bugatti's first use of a transmission fixed to the engine crankcase and a single plate clutch. The top three gears in the four-speed gearbox were constant mesh. Jean created a novel independent front suspension system using transverse leaf springs for the first two examples of the Type 57 before Le Patron spied it and insisted it be replaced by a proper Bugatti hollow tubular live axle. Thenceforth suspension was traditional Bugatti semi-elliptical front and reversed quarter-elliptical rear leaf springs with cable-operated mechanical drum brakes.

Much of the Type 57's commercial success may be attributed to Jean Bugatti's sensitive, flowing coachwork, which graced the most famous of the chassis' examples.

But, by no means were all of the cars clothed with factory derived or commissioned coachwork, and some of the most striking designs that can be seen on Concours lawns the world over came from the coachbuilders' one-upmanship in what was clearly the zenith of coachwork design before the interruption of war.

Despite financial travail, development of the Type 57 continued with the introduction of a stiffened frame and rubber-mounted engine along with the supercharged 160hp Type 57C in 1936. In 1938 the nearly unthinkable happened in Molsheim, when Bugatti finally adopted Lockheed hydraulically actuated brakes and replaced the beautiful and lightweight but expensive aluminum-spoked wheels and brake drums with Rudge-Whitworth center-lock wire wheels and separate brake drums.

THE MOTORCAR OFFERED

This stunning Bugatti Cabriolet not only features one-off coachwork, but it is among the few Bugattis—and only Type 57—to have been clothed by the famed coachbuilder Franay. With well known history virtually since new, few owners in the last half century, and a recent concours restoration, it is surely a special machine.

According to a report by Bugatti expert Pierre-Yves Laugier, 57127 was ordered new through Paris Bugatti distributor Dominique Lamberjack and delivered as a bare chassis on the fourth of July, 1934 with an invoice of 50,400 Francs billed to the purchaser. The savvy individual ordering this bare chassis for custom coachwork was none other than Hella Hartwich, a wealthy German movie star and ski champion who had recently starred in the 1932 film Slalom opposite Walter Riml. Dating the up-and-coming and soon to be multiple Oscar award winner Billy Wilder, the two had recently moved to Paris following Hitler's rise to power in Germany in 1933.

Looking for a new car for her new digs, Hartwich had the bare chassis sent directly to Carrosserie Franay to be clothed in sleek two-door, two-seat open coachwork. A popular custom coachbuilder, Franay would go on to provide coachwork for numerous Bentleys, Rolls-Royces, Delages, Hispano-Suizas, Delahayes, and even Packards and Duesenbergs—but they would only clothe a total of about four Bugattis and this would be the only Type 57 to pass through their shop.

Hartwich registered her new Bugatti in late July 1934 to her 16th arrondissement apartment with the registration number 1544 RJ2. Pictures of her with her new car show it in a dark, single shade with black painted wire wheels and a chromed radiator shell. A jaunty, slightly vee shaped front bumper set the car apart, as did the long tail with a large trunk and rear mounted double spares.

It is believed that Hartwich retained the car in Paris throughout WWII, although the war years had no doubt taken their tolls as a photo of the car from 1952 or '53 show the cabriolet in complete, but somewhat worn condition having had its louvered hood sides replaced with vented ones from a Type 57S, its unique bumper switch with a standard straight one, its big Marchal headlights exchanged for more modern units, with the whole car painted a lighter color and a rather sizeable dent in the left front fender. In the care of Garage Aubert owner Pierre Proust of Montrouge at this time, it was next registered to Mr. Di Vincenzo Salvatore of Paris—a mere 5.5 kilometers from where the car had originally lived—with the plate number 3913 DN 75. Retaining the car only briefly, on May 15, 1956 the Bugatti entered the collection of Jean Rouch.

Much like the car's first owner, Rouch was deeply involved in cinema. Considered the father of cinéma verité in France, Rouch had already made a career for himself filming ethnographic films in Africa—mainly in what is now Nigeria—when he began transitioning to filming 'ethnofiction' films in the Niger Valley in the early '50s. While he spent much of his time between France and Africa, he would retain the car nearly half a century.

In the late 1960s, Rouch sent 57127 to Carroserie Monceau in Chamecy, France for a full restoration. Shortly after completion of the work, the car appeared in Rouch's 1969 ethnofiction comedy Petit à Petit in which three Nigerian friends wanting to build a skyscraper in their home town come to Paris to learn about the construction of tall buildings—but one could argue the plot was also a pretext to film a movie featuring Rouch's newly restored Bugatti blasting through the streets of Paris! Jean's friend Philippe Luzuy, who was briefly appeared in the film, would share ownership of the car from 1969 until Rouch's passing in 2004. During this time, the two would actively drive the car throughout France.

Still in its late 1960s restoration when it was acquired by the Clem and Mary Lange Collection in 2011, it was sent to Longfield Restorations Ltd. of Ontario, Canada for a complete, concours restoration. Photos, a DVD, and receipts document the work completed. Executed over the course of three years from 2012-2015 at a cost of nearly $650,000, the Bugatti was restored back to its original specifications (save for the retaining of a rumble seat that had been put into the rear trunk by Rouch). Finished in rich, dark blue paint with a two-tone mustardy tan leather and ostrich interior, the completed car would go on to win Best of Show at the July 2016 Keenland Concours in Lexington, Kentucky.

Sparingly used since the restoration, the Bugatti still presents beautifully. Retaining its original engine, cambox, and transmission, the rear axle is a slightly later unit—no doubt switched out in period as the early axles were plagued by their fragility. A well restored, one-off Bugatti cabriolet from a famed coachbuilder is not something that comes up every day. With largely known history from new with just a handful of owners in the last 65 years, this Bugatti is primed to be coveted by its next, lucky keeper.
Contacts
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
<b>1934 Bugatti Type 57 Cabriolet  </b><br />Chassis no. 57127 <br />Engine no. 52
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