A rare Imperial famille rose 'boys' jar Daoguang seal mark and of the period

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Lot 160
A rare Imperial famille rose 'boys' jar
Daoguang seal mark and of the period

HK$ 1,200,000 - 1,500,000
US$ 150,000 - 190,000
A rare Imperial famille rose 'boys' jar
Daoguang seal mark and of the period
The ovoid body finely enamelled with an older boy clothed in a rose-enamelled robe and wearing a gold official's cap, holding aloft a large golden helmet above his head as four younger boys leap excitedly to reach for it, all set within a scene of rockwork and pines continuing onto the reverse decorated with a flowering pomegranate branch laden with two heavy fruit bursting open and one unripe fruit, all beneath turquoise-ground ruyi-head borders containing double-seeded lotus scrolls enclosing four bats at the neck and simple lotus scrolls at the foot, the interior and underside glazed in turquoise. 19.1cm (7 1/2in) high.

Footnotes

  • 清道光 松石綠地粉彩「五子奪魁」圖罐 礬紅「大清道光年製」篆書款

    Provenance:
    An English private collection

    來源:
    英國私人舊藏

    The charming scene on the present vase depicting five boys fighting for a helmet is a very popular motif in China, meaning 'five boys competing for distinction', which symbolises the blessing for one's son to achieve outstanding results in the Civil Service examinations. Helmet (kui 魁) is a pun for 'leader', which also indicates first place in the Palace examination. The 'five boys' refer to the children of Dou Yujun (竇禹鈞), the scholar, educator and official during the Five Dynasties period (907-960 AD), whose eminent sons achieved remarkable success in the Civil Service examinations, earning him reverence as the ideal parent.

    Compare with related Daoguang vases, but decorated with a ruby ground around the elongated neck and foot, such as one depicting children in a Dragon Boat Race, and another decorated with fruiting pomegranate trees, illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum: Porcelains with Cloisonné Enamel Decoration and Famille-Rose Decoration, Hong Kong, 1999, pls.189 and 194.

    A famille rose bottle vase, Daoguang mark and period, similarly enamelled with four boys in a garden around an older boy wearing a gold official's cap and holding a golden helmet over his head, was sold at Sotheby's Hong Kong on 7 October 2010, lot 2162.

    罐直口,短頸,溜肩,腹下漸收,臥足。內及底施松石綠釉。外壁上下綠地粉彩飾纏枝番蓮紋,邊環飾一周如意雲頭紋。腹部留白處通景繪嬰戲圖,中間童子頭戴金冠,高舉金盔,身邊圍繞四個童子,高舉雙手爭奪金盔。童子嬉於洞石花樹之間,身著彩色長衣,姿態各異。腹部背面繪石榴樹,樹上結是三顆石榴,罐底施松石綠釉,留白處礬紅書「大清道光年製」篆書款。

    嬰戲題材在嘉慶、道光時期的官窯瓷器上經常出現。「五子奪魁」故事源於五代晚期漁陽人竇禹鈞教子有方,五個兒子均功名成就,被人稱為「燕山竇氏五龍」,後逐演變為吉祥題材,取「盔」之諧音,寄託子孫高中狀元之美意,通景配以石榴花樹,更添加「兒孫滿堂」之意。

    參看北京故宮博物院藏兩例道光粉彩瓶,一例飾洞石、石榴及蘭花,另一例則飾粉彩紫地龍舟圖,著錄於《故宮博物院藏文物珍品大系:琺瑯彩·粉彩》,香港,1999年,圖版189及194。

    另見香港蘇富比曾售出一例清道光松石綠地粉彩瓶,亦繪「五子奪魁」圖,2010年10月7日,拍品編號2162。
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A rare Imperial famille rose 'boys' jar Daoguang seal mark and of the period
A rare Imperial famille rose 'boys' jar Daoguang seal mark and of the period
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