A rare archaistic silver-and-gold-inlaid bronze tripod wine vessel and cover, zun Mid Qing Dynasty (3)

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Lot 113
A rare archaistic silver-and-gold-inlaid bronze tripod wine vessel and cover, zun
Mid Qing Dynasty

Sold for HK$ 1,752,500 (US$ 224,742) inc. premium
A rare archaistic silver-and-gold-inlaid bronze tripod wine vessel and cover, zun
Mid Qing Dynasty
The deep cylindrical body raised on three bear-form feet and cast in low relief with bands at the rims and mid body, with a pair of taotie mask handles, decorated in gold and silver inlay in the upper and lower sections of the body with archaistic bands of cicada blades and leiwen scroll interspersed with stylised clouds in gold and silver inlay, the domed cover decorated with similar patterns in gold and silver inlay, with two bands encircling a central quatrefoil flower with a loop handle, applied with three upright phoenix-form handles that become supports when the cover is inverted, the interior undecorated. 23cm (9in) high (3).

Footnotes

  • 清中期 錯金銀饕餮雲氣紋樽

    Provenance:
    William S. Tatlow (1921-2016), Wollongang, Australia

    來源:
    澳大利亞沃隆岡William S. Tatlow (1921-2016) 舊藏

    William S. Tatlow was an ardent collector whose interests included not only books, Australian pottery and aboriginal paintings, but also Chinese ceramics and furniture. His strong interest in Chinese art was nurtured over a period of 25 years. The majority of his Asian art collection was given to Wollongong Art Gallery to form the new Mann-Tatlow Gallery in 2003.

    威廉·泰勒(1921-2016)為澳大利亞新南威爾士州的資深收藏家,他一生熱衷收藏。除了對古籍、土著陶瓷及澳洲原住民藝術有研究以外,對亞洲藝術、尤其是陶瓷及家具收藏有強烈的愛好。他和同好西曼先生歷經25年收藏研究中國藝術品,最後於2003年將大部分藏品捐贈給了澳洲沃隆岡市立博物館,並由此建立了「泰勒-西曼」展廳。

    The zun was a popular vessel used to keep the wine warm during the Warring States period and Han dynasty. The function can be proved by the inscription on a bronze zun, late Western Han dynasty, reading Zhongling Hufu wenjiu zun, which may be translated as 'This zun was made for Hufu of Zhongling to keep wine warm', now in the Shanxi Provincial Museum and illustrated in Zhongguo Qingtongqi Quanji (Complete Collection of Chinese Bronzes), Beijing, vol.12, 1996, pl.37.

    Zun vessels could be lavishly decorated with inlay of gemstones, gold and silver as well as being lacquered and painted. Compare with a gold-and-silver-inlaid zun, mid Warring States period, in the Hubei Provincial Museum, illustrated in ibid., vol.10, p.51; and also with a gilt animal-incised zun in the National Museum of China, and a cloud-painted zun in the Yangzhou Museum, both dated late Western Han dynasty and illustrated in ibid., vol.12, pls.40 and 41.

    Archaic bronzes including ritual wine and food vessels were greatly admired by the Qianlong emperor and were used as inspiration at the Palace Workshops. The Qianlong emperor encouraged fanggu (imitating antiquity) and fugu (reviving antiquity), resulting in a revival of archaistic forms in the Imperial court.

    Examples made under the same inspiration, but dated Song to Ming dynasty, include an inlaid bronze hu, illustrated by M.Goedhuis, Chinese and Japanese Bronzes, A.D. 1100-1900, London, 1989, no.77. Another in the British Museum, dated Song-Ming dynasty, is illustrated by R.S.Jenyns and W.Watson, Chinese Art II, New York, 1980, pp.90-91, no.56.

    See a related archaistic gold-and-silver-inlaid bronze pear-shaped vase, hu, Song dynasty, which was sold at Christie's New York, 18-19 September 2014, lot 1016.


    蓋微隆,頂鑄四瓣柿蒂鈕,蓋面作三圈凹凸帶狀環,環內錯金銀飾雲氣紋及饕餮紋,環內分鑄三個翹尾鳳鈕,鳳身飾以錯金銀翎羽,器直筒型,表面五圈環帶狀起伏,每環之內錯金銀雲氣紋及饕餮紋,兩兩相間,正中一匝凸起弦紋,弦紋之上器身兩側鑄獸面鋪首亦錯以金銀,器平底,承三熊狀足,熊作低首重負貌,錯金銀。

    樽為溫酒器,山西省博物館藏一件西漢晚期銅樽有自銘為證:「中陵胡傅銅溫酒樽......」,見《中國青銅器全集秦漢》,北京,1996年,編號37。此器流行於戰國及兩漢,有錯金銀,鎏金鏨刻及漆繪之例,可比較湖北博物館藏一件戰國中期楚國所出錯金銀雲紋樽,見《中國青銅器全集東周》,北京,1996年,卷4,編號51;以及中國國家博物館藏一件西漢晚期鎏金鏨刻鳥獸紋樽和揚州市博物館藏一件西漢晚期鎏金漆繪雲紋樽,見前書,秦漢卷,編號40及41。

    本件拍品為清中期仿古作品,其形制裝飾皆取法前述諸例,模仿精準,用料精當。清代乾嘉時期是繼晚明之後的有一個銅器收藏高峰,一則有乾隆帝好古仿古的帶動;二則有乾嘉學者金石學的研究的進步;三則有社會承平,富裕階層收藏的風氣日熾。乾隆以降的仿古作品,較之宋明,形制更加接近三代古物,蓋因出土物豐富,且製作工藝更加進步。此件為例,形制與前文所提到漢代實物如出一轍,而金銀薄片的剪裁和嵌製更加精細,且不可避免地展現出華麗繁複的時風。

    傳世品中,類似以上古青銅為原型的錯金銀仿古器,大多斷代為宋至明,如一件青銅錯金銀壺,見M. Goedhuis,《Chinese and Japanese Bronzes, A.D. 1100-1900》,倫敦,1989年,圖77;大英博物館亦有一例,見. Soame Jenyns及 W. Watson,《Chinese Art II》,紐約,1980年,頁90-91,圖56。另見戴潤齋曾經舊藏一件宋代錯金銀銅壺,後售於紐約佳士得,2014年9月18-19日,拍品編號1016。
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