A rare archaic bronze inscribed ritual food vessel, Ding Early Western Zhou Dynasty (2)

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Lot 106
A rare archaic bronze inscribed ritual food vessel, Ding
Early Western Zhou Dynasty

Sold for HK$ 1,877,500 (US$ 241,465) inc. premium
A rare archaic bronze inscribed ritual food vessel, Ding
Early Western Zhou Dynasty
Raised on three slightly tapering legs, the swelling body finely cast near the upper section with a narrow band of six stylised kui-dragons in low relief below an everted rim cast with a pair of upright loop handles, the interior crisply cast with an eight-character pictogram reading Yatun zuo fuyi bao zunding, with a pale green and milky patina, small patches of malachite encrustation, wood stand. 21cm (8 1/4in) high. (2).

Footnotes

  • 西周早期 青銅龍紋亞豚鼎

    Inscription: Yatun zuo fuyi baozun ding (Yatun made this precious ding for Father Yi)

    銘文: 亞豚作父乙寶尊鼎

    Provenance:
    The Numina Collection, Hong Kong

    Published and Illustrated:
    Sheng Yu, Yuhuage jinwen (Archaic Bronze Inscriptions in the Yuhuage Studio), manuscript, late 19th century/early 20th century, p.49, no.1 (inscription rubbing)
    Luo Zhenyu, Yin wencun (Texts Surviving from the Yin Dynasty), Shang Yu, 1916,vol.1, p.72 (inscription rubbing)
    Liu Tizhi, Xiaojiaojingge jinwen taben (Rubbings of Archaic Bronze Inscriptions at the Xiaojiaojingge Studio), Shanghai, 1935, vol.2, p.2, no.2 (inscription rubbing)
    Luo Zhenyu, Sandai jijin wencun, Beijing, 1937, vol.3, p.14, no.3 (inscription rubbing)
    Wang Xiantang, Guoshi jinshi zhigao (A Record of Bronze and Stone Inscriptions in Chinese History), manuscript, 1943, p.2020, no.253 (inscription rubbing)
    The Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Yinzhou jinnuen jicheng (Compendium of Yin and Zhou Bronze Inscriptions), Beijing, 1984, no. 2315 (inscription rubbing)
    Wu Zhenfeng, Shangzhou qingtongqi mingwen ji tuxiang jicheng (Compendium of Inscriptions and Images of Bronzes from the Shang and Zhou Dynasties), Shanghai, 2012, no.1818 (inscription rubbing)
    The Numina Collection, Hong Kong

    來源:
    香港玉古堂收藏

    出版及著錄:
    盛昱編,《鬱華閣金文》,手稿本,19th 世紀晚/20th世紀初,頁49,編號1(銘文拓片)
    羅振玉編,《殷文存》,上虞,1916年,上卷,頁72 (銘文拓片)
    劉體智編,《小校經閣金文拓本》,上海,1935年,卷2,頁49,編號2(銘文拓片)
    羅振玉編,《三代吉金文存》,北京,1937年,卷3,頁14,編號3(銘文拓片)
    王獻唐編,《國史金石志稿》,手稿本,1943年,頁2020,編號253(銘文拓片)
    中國社會科學院考古研究所編,《殷周金文集成》,北京,1984年,編號2315 (銘文拓片)
    吳鎮烽編,《商周青銅器銘文暨圖像集成》,上海,2012年,編號1818(銘文拓片)

    With two dots in Ya, the first character might also be transcribed as two characters. There are two seals on the rubbing illustrated in the Compendium of Yin and Zhou Bronze Inscriptions, one reading Yu Xingwu yin (Sealed Yu Xinyu, Yu Xingwu, 1896-1984) and the other reading Qizhai suocang moben (Rubbings collected by Qizhai, Shang Chenzuo, 1902-1991). Yu and Shang were two reputable scholars and collector of archaic Chinese bronze in the early 20th century. The original rubbing illustrated in Rubbings of Archaic Bronze Inscriptions at the Xiaojiaojingge Studio (1935) is held in the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, acc.187677-049-3, with a clearer rubbing of the character Yi than that in the two earlier publications, which may be a result of further cleaning of the pictogram that can be observed on the present lot.

    The Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica has dated the form of this ding to the early Western Zhou dynasty, particularly its swelling belly and tapering legs. However, it was popular from the mid Western Zhou period. Compare the form and kui-dragons with the Jicao ding, dated to the fifth year of King of Gong, Western Zhou dynasty (circa 913 BC), in the Shanghai Museum; and with a similar ding, King of Mu period (circa 947-928 BC), unearthed in Fufeng, Shaanxi Province, both illustrated in the Zhongguo Qingtongqi Quanji (Complete Collection of Chinese Bronzes), Beijing, 1996, pls.27 and 30.

    鼎方唇折沿,兩側立耳略外侈,頸部鑄兩條陽線弦紋,其間凸飾回首龍紋一周,以雷紋填地,淺腹微鼓,底部有三條加強筋,下承三足,較細瘦。

    內壁鑄銘文八字「亞豚作父乙寶尊鼎」,亞字內有兩點,如釋為一字,則有九字。《殷周金文集成》所録拓本有二印,一「于省吾印」為于省吾印信,一「契齋所藏墨本」為商承祚藏印,《小校經閣金石文字》所録拓片今藏台北中央研究院歷史研究所,館藏編號187677-049-3。《集成》拓本之「乙」字較,《鬱華》《小校》之「乙」字漫漶,觀實物「乙」字有剃銹痕跡,故于省吾及商承祚所藏拓本應在劉體智之前。

    中研院將此鼎斷為西周早期,亞氏活躍時間貫穿商代晚期和西周早期,惟此鼎器型為西周中期流行的下腹外傾垂式樣,可比較上海博物館藏西周恭王十五年趞曹鼎,器型及頸部一圈回顧式龍紋極似;另可比較一件陝西扶風出土一件西周中期穆王世三足鼎,器型、銘文亦是同類,惟腿部加鑄倒鉤,見《中國青銅器全集·西周1》,北京,1996年,編號27及30。
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A rare archaic bronze inscribed ritual food vessel, Ding Early Western Zhou Dynasty (2)
A rare archaic bronze inscribed ritual food vessel, Ding Early Western Zhou Dynasty (2)
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