Ten to Lieutenant Colonel C.H.Villiers, County of London Yeomanry, late Royal Horse Guards,

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Lot 207
Ten to Lieutenant Colonel C.H.Villiers, County of London Yeomanry, late Royal Horse Guards,

Sold for £ 10,800 (US$ 13,643) inc. premium
Ten to Lieutenant Colonel C.H.Villiers, County of London Yeomanry, late Royal Horse Guards,
Central Africa 1891-98, ring suspension, engraved (Capt C.H.Villiers. R.H.Gds.); Queen's South Africa 1899-1902, three bars, Cape Colony, Tugela Heights, Relief of Ladysmith ( Capt C.H.Villiers. R.H.Gds:); 1914-15 Star (Lt Col:C.H.Villiers. C.Of Lond: Yeo:); British War and Victory Medal (Lt.Col.G.H.Villiers.); Coronation 1911; Jubilee 1935; Coronation 1937; Territorial Decoration; Zanzibar, Order of The Brilliant Star, Knight's breast badge. Court mounted as worn, with corresponding miniatures which include a Royal Victorian Order. The last with light enamel damage otherwise toned very fine. (Lot)

Footnotes

  • C.V.O. London Gazette 1.1.1941.

    M.I.D. London Gazette 16.4.1901.


    Lieutenant Colonel Charles Hyde Villiers was born on the 21st September 1862, he went to school at Chatham and then R.M.A. Sandhurst. He was commissioned on the 23rd November 1887. He was promoted to Lieutenant in 1889. In 1892 he was seconded into the Unyoro Campaign in support of the Sultan of Zanzibar whose lands and protectorates stretched as far as Lake Rudolph in East Africa, a vast area which at that time was in some turmoil from German and other influences and interventions. With the success of the campaign and a short period of 'ciivil' administration he was honoured with the Bright Star of Zanzibar. He returned to the Regiment in 1894 and was promoted to Captain on the 22nd December 1894. He was seconded for a second time, just three months later, but now into a situation that might have been disastrous for his career; part of the duties of an officer on overseas secondment, particularly in areas of interest would be to discover 'the lie of the land', and perhaps 'to get involved'. His secondment was to the Chartered British South Africa Company, founded and run by Cecil Rhodes. This was the ideal place and time to achieve those two aspects of military intelligence that would be much needed in the event of the threatening war with the Boers. Villiers ultimate involvement in the Jameson Raid, although not recorded in the Regimental history, is not a matter of conjecture, being noted by Elizabeth Longford in her history 'Jameson's Raid', and confirmed by a photograph of Villiers with Jameson and his surviving officers during the enforced journey on board ship back to Great Britain for the judicial sentencing that the Boers demanded after their capture and imprisonment, and eventual release to the British Government. He was received back into the Royal Horse Guards with the rank of Brevet Major, being confirmed Major in 1897. With the outbreak of the Boer War in 1899, he found himself on the way to South Africa for the third and final time, principally to help form the South African Light Horse, one of two yeomanry cavalry regiments being formed from refugee Uitlanders (British subjects forced out of the Transvaal and other territories) each of about 2,000 men.

    General Buller, on landing in South Africa to take command of the British Forces, enquiring how these regiments were progressing, was plainly 'disappointed' that his staff officer, who had preceded him Lt Col Charles a Court had already appointed Villiers as Lt Col of the South African Light Horse, as he was aware that Villiers 'had ridden with Jameson in the Raid'. Villiers is however recorded as Major as well as second in command of the South African Light Horse, but also as 'employer' of that Regiment, signifying some governmental acceptance of his position and a back handed compliment against Bullers' slight. It is noticeable that Villiers' other responsibility was that of Intelligence Officer. His service in South Africa was distinguished, being mentioned in despatches, fighting along the Tugela and into the Relief of Ladysmith, where, rather ironically, some of his fellow officers of the raid were 'holed-up' attending to their new commercial interests in South Africa.

    He returned to Great Britian in 1901 to marry Lady Victoria Alexandrina Innes-Kerr, a daughter of the Duke of Roxburghe.

    He retired from the Royal Horse Guards on the 13th May 1903 and became an Honorary Lieutenant Colonel of the City of London Yeomanry (Rough Riders) later the same year. He became a Gentleman-at-Arms in 1907. He remains with the Yeomanry for WW1 and his MIC notes that he serves in the Dardenelles from the 12th April 1915.

    He died on the 23rd May 1947.
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