A PARCEL-GILT SILVER FIGURE OF MANJUSHRI NEPAL, 9TH/10TH CENTURY

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Lot 808
A PARCEL-GILT SILVER FIGURE OF MANJUSHRI
NEPAL, 9TH/10TH CENTURY

Sold for HK$ 1,250,625 (US$ 159,320) inc. premium
A PARCEL-GILT SILVER FIGURE OF MANJUSHRI
NEPAL, 9TH/10TH CENTURY
Himalayan Art Resources item no.68439
6.5 cm (2 5/8 in.) high

Footnotes

  • Published
    David Weldon and Jane Casey Singer, The Sculptural Heritage of Tibet: Buddhist Art in the Nyingjei Lam Collection, London, 1999, p.70, fig.41.
    Franco Ricca, Arte Buddhista Tibetana: Dei e Demoni dell'Himalaya, Turin, 2004, fig. IV.9.

    Exhibited
    Arte Buddhista Tibetana: Dei e Demoni dell'Himalaya, Palazzo Bricherasio, Turin, 18 June – 19 September 2004.
    Wutaishan: Pilgrimage to Five Peak Mountain, Rubin Museum of Art, New York, 10 May 2007 – 16 October 2007.
    Casting the Divine: Sculptures of the Nyingjei Lam Collection, Rubin Museum of Art, New York, 2 March 2012 – 11 February 2013.

    Provenance
    The Nyingjei Lam Collection
    On loan to the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 1996-2005
    On loan to the Rubin Museum of Art, New York, 2005-2019

    Solidly cast in parcel-gilt silver, the weight and jewel-like quality of this diminutive sculpture conveys a much larger presence. The lower garment is meticulously incised and gilded, and the jewelry is well-defined, striking a contrast with the bare and sensuous torso and limbs. Easily held in one's hand, the sculpture is intimate and a joy to engage with, which explains its heavily rubbed surface from sustained propitiation, resulting in a desirable smooth patina.
     
    The sculpture represents Manjushri, the Bodhisattva of Perfected Wisdom, in a rare form deriving from Mahayana Buddhist literature. Unlike his common, sword-brandishing iconography, Manjushri sits here in a relaxed posture with his right hand extended in the wish-fulfilling gesture and his left holding a blue lotus in bloom by his left shoulder. Other diagnostic features include Manjushri's youthfulness, tiger-tooth pendant necklace, and the three long tufts of hair—one on top of his head and two falling to his shoulders.
     
    A close stylistic parallel is a larger copper alloy figure of Manjushri, attributed to 10th-century Nepal, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1978.394.1). The copper Manjushri wears a comparable tiger-tooth necklace and holds an almost identical blue lotus in his left hand, but also has a seed or small fruit in his right hand which is not represented in the current work. The two also share a similar facial type of slightly chubby cheeks and well-defined pupils.

    Compare the lozenge-shaped patterns on his lower garment and the beaded belt with circular buckle with that of a Nepalese gilt bronze Avalokiteshvara in the Nyingjei Lam Collection (Weldon & Casey Singer, The Sculptural Heritage of Tibet, London, 1999, p.68, fig.38). Also, refer to a 10th-century Nepalese standing Manjushri, with similar armbands, hair, jewelry, and decorative lozenges in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1982.220.13), helping to inform this rare figure's 9th-/10th-century date.


    局部鎏金文殊菩薩銀像
    尼泊爾,九或十世紀
    喜馬拉雅藝術資源網68439號
    高6.5釐米(2 5/8 英吋)

    1,000,000-1,500,000港幣

    著錄
    David Weldon與Jane Casey Singer,《The Sculptural Heritage of Tibet: Buddhist Art in the Nyingjei Lam Collection》,倫敦,1999年,頁70,圖41。
    Franco Ricca,《Arte Buddhista Tibetana: Dei e Demoni dell' Himalaya》,都靈,2004年,圖IV.9。

    展覽
    「Arte Buddhista Tibetana: Dei e Demoni dell'Himalaya」,布里凱拉西奧宮,都靈,2004年6月18日至9月19日。
    「Wutaishan: Pilgrimage to Five Peak Mountain」,魯賓藝術博物館,紐約,2007年5月10日至10月16日。
    「Casting the Divine:Sculptures of the Nyingjei Lam Collection」,魯賓藝術博物館,紐約,2012年3月2日至2013年2月11日。

    來源
    菩薩道收藏
    借展於阿什莫林博物館,牛津,1996年至2005年
    借展於魯賓藝術博物館,紐約,2005年至2019年

    此文殊菩薩像通尊以銀鑄造,局部鎏金色澤華貴,如寶石般流光溢彩,雖形制玲瓏,卻氣勢非凡。菩薩下身著鎏金天衣,花紋細緻,珠寶精美,與不著雕飾的簡潔軀幹和手臂相襯成趣。小巧的銀像容易置於掌中,經年累月的反复摩挲與擦拭,不僅令它成為與持有者親密無間的珍寶,更使包漿無比油潤,明快悅目。

    此文殊菩薩造型以大乘佛教經典記述為據,十分罕見。不同於密宗造像中常見的揮舞長劍之姿勢,菩薩坐姿自然輕鬆,右手前伸結與願印,左手持蓮花莖,藍色蓮花盛開於肩頭。菩薩面容年輕,項鍊上綴有虎牙,髮分三綹,一盤於頭頂,二分垂於雙肩,皆為文殊菩薩特徵。

    大都會博物館所藏一件十世紀尼泊爾文殊菩薩銅像(編號1978.394.1)與本拍品在風格上十分接近,其佩戴相似虎牙項鍊,左手持幾乎完全一樣的藍蓮花,只是右手中握著一枚種子或小果,本拍品則無。此外,二者面容亦相似,面頰微鼓,雙目有神。

    菩薩道收藏中另有一尊尼泊爾銅鎏金觀音像,可與本拍品天衣上的菱形圖紋、珠串腰帶以及腰帶上圓形珠寶扣相較,見Weldon與Casey Singer著《The Sculptural Heritage of Tibet: Buddhist Art in the Nyingjei Lam Collection》, 倫敦,1999年,頁68,圖38。另參考一件大都會博物館藏十世紀尼泊爾文殊菩薩像(編號1982.220.13),其臂釧、髮式、珠寶裝飾與衣物菱形圖案均與本拍品十分相似,可佐證本尊罕見銀像應同屬九或十世紀之作。
Contacts
A PARCEL-GILT SILVER FIGURE OF MANJUSHRI NEPAL, 9TH/10TH CENTURY
A PARCEL-GILT SILVER FIGURE OF MANJUSHRI NEPAL, 9TH/10TH CENTURY
A PARCEL-GILT SILVER FIGURE OF MANJUSHRI NEPAL, 9TH/10TH CENTURY
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