Aegidius Sadeler II (d. 1629), Zeynal Khan and Mehdi Quli Beg, Persian ambassadors to the court of Rudolf II Prague, 1604 and 1605(2)

This lot has been removed from the website, please contact customer services for more information

Lot 40
Aegidius Sadeler II (d. 1629), Zeynal Khan and Mehdi Quli Beg, Persian ambassadors to the court of Rudolf II
Prague, 1604 and 1605
(2)

£ 4,000 - 6,000
US$ 5,200 - 7,800
Aegidius Sadeler II (d. 1629), Zeynal Khan and Mehdi Quli Beg, Persian ambassadors to the court of Rudolf II
Prague, 1604 and 1605
copperplate engravings on paper, inscribed in Latin and Persian
262 x 195 mm. (sheet); 265 x 183 mm. (sheet)(2)

Footnotes

  • Aegidius Sadeler was born around 1570 in Antwerp. His early career took him to Frankfurt, Munich and Rome where he worked with several artists who subsequently worked for Rudolf's court with Joris Hoefnagel, Hans von Aachen and Joseph Heintz the Elder. Once these artists moved to the Imperial court, they recommended Sadeler to the Emperor; in 1597 he was appointed to the court himself, where he became the most illustrious engraver of his time.
    Two versions of the portrait of Mehdi Quli Beg are now in the British Museum, London, inv.no.1868,0808.2488 and 1871,0812.4208; one in the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, inv.no.E.5423-1919; another in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, inv.no.49.95.2202 and one in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, inv.no.M26883.

    Zeynal Khan Shamlu, and later, Mehdi Qoli Beg, were amongst seven ambassadors sent by Shah 'Abbas to European courts, as part of his attempt to enlist Christian cooperation in confronting the Ottomans with a multi-front threat. The ongoing war in Hungary had led to financial strains, internal revolts and a decline in loyalty of Ottoman troops; to 'Abbas these troubles signalled that the Ottoman adversary had been weakened to the point where his revived Persian army could reclaim the territory lost in the previous war. Zeynal Khan Shamlu departed in mid-1603 and arrived in Prague on 19th July 1604 to much fanfare. He and his party of 30 servants were given an escort of over one thousand men, mounted and on foot. Mehdi Quli Beg arrived later, in December, updating Rudolf on the situation. After endless debate and vacillation, Rudolf elected to begin peace negotiations with the Ottomans. All this meant that the Persian ambassadors were fixtures in Prague until October 1605, and were doubtless regarded as exotic figures (something captured in the insistence on using Persian for the prints, which no one in Prague could read and which would have taken some effort to reproduce).
Contacts
Aegidius Sadeler II (d. 1629), Zeynal Khan and Mehdi Quli Beg, Persian ambassadors to the court of Rudolf II Prague, 1604 and 1605(2)
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories, buyer's premium excluding Cars, Motorbikes, Wine and Coin & Medal sales, will be as follows:

Buyer's Premium Rates
27.5% on the first £2,500 of the hammer price;
25% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £2,500 up to and including £300,000;
20% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £300,000 up to and including £3,000,000;
and 13.9% of the hammer price of any amounts in excess of £3,000,000.

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

For payment information please refer to the sale catalog.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.