Malthus, Thomas Robert. 1766-1834. An Essay on the Principle of Population or a View of Its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness, With An Inquiry Into Our Prospects Respecting The Future Removal or Mitigation of The Evils Which It Occasions. Georgetown (Washington, DC): R. Chew for J. Milligan, 1809.

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Lot 513
Malthus, Thomas Robert. 1766-1834.
An Essay on the Principle of Population or a View of Its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness, With An Inquiry Into Our Prospects Respecting The Future Removal or Mitigation of The Evils Which It Occasions. Georgetown (Washington, DC): R. Chew for J. Milligan, 1809.

Sold for US$ 1,402 inc. premium
Malthus, Thomas Robert. 1766-1834.
An Essay on the Principle of Population or a View of Its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness, With An Inquiry Into Our Prospects Respecting The Future Removal or Mitigation of The Evils Which It Occasions. Georgetown (Washington, DC): R. Chew for J. Milligan, 1809. 2 volumes, 4to. Original sheep.

First American edition, from the 3rd London edition. A foundational text of modern economics. Malthus sought to demonstrate that while the population of a community increases geometrically, food supplies increase only arithmetically. As a result, various "checks" emerge — which Malthus classified as either "vice" or "misery" — to keep the population from outstripping the food supply. These include wars, famines, plagues, delayed marriages, prostitution, and contraception. This relationship of food supply to population growth and the necessity of these checks, Malthus argued, meant that the perfectibility of society was not possible. Although much of his argument was based upon pre-industrial conditions, this work has provided a starting point for any discussion of overpopulation since its publication. See Garrison-Morton 1693; PMM 251 (1803 edition).

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