John Constable  R.A. (East Bergholt 1776-1837 London) The Vale of Dedham

This lot has been removed from the website, please contact customer services for more information

Lot 40
John Constable R.A.
(East Bergholt 1776-1837 London)
The Vale of Dedham

Sold for £ 47,562 (US$ 59,420) inc. premium
John Constable R.A. (East Bergholt 1776-1837 London)
The Vale of Dedham
signed, inscribed and dated 'Drawn Novr 1805 & given/to my friend J.T.Smith.1823/J Constable' (lower left)
pencil and watercolour on wove paper with ink inscription, further inscribed 'A very fine Morning' on a separate fragment of laid paper
13.5 x 16.9cm (5 5/16 x 6 5/8in).

Footnotes

  • Provenance
    J.T. Smith
    Sale, Sotheby's, London, 15 July 1959, lot 57, where purchased by the late Dr. and Mrs W. Katz for £280, and thence by descent to the present owners


    Exhibited
    New York, Salander-O'Reilly Galleries, John Constable, R.A. (1776-1837): an exhibition: paintings, drawings, watercolors, mezzotints, 9 May- 25 June 1988, cat. no. 55

    Literature
    C.S. Rhyne, 'Constable Drawings and Watercolors in the Collections of Mr and Mrs Paul Mellon and the Yale Centre for British Art: Part I. Authentic Works', in Master Drawings, no. 2, Summer 1981, pp. 127-8, 140, under cat. no. 7 and p. 140, note 4, ill. fig. 1
    G. Reynolds, John Constable, R.A. (1776-1837): an exhibition: paintings, drawings, watercolors, mezzotints exh. cat., New York, 1988, p. 116, cat. no. 55, ill
    I. Fleming-Williams, Constable and his Drawings, London, 1990, pp. 50-1, ill., fig. 40
    G. Reynolds, The Early Paintings and Drawings of John Constable, New Haven and London, 1996, p. 61, cat. no. 05.12, ill., pl. 252

    The present work is one of the few sketches that Constable dated in 1805 and it is in fact the earliest dated study for his 1815 Royal Academy exhibit, The Stour Valley and Dedham Village, now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (G. Reynolds, op. cit. 1996, no 15.1, pl 1221). The early months of 1805 were taken up with his first major religious commission, an altarpiece for Brantham Church, but by the autumn he was spending his time painting landscape watercolours around East Bergholt, Langham Church and Dedham Vale.

    Vale of Dedham is one of 3 drawings inscribed in very similar manner that Constable gave to his friend J.T. Smith in 1823, the others being Stoke Windmill near Ipswich and a Study of East Bergholt Church (G. Reynolds, op. cit. 1996, nos 05.18 and 06.08). Smith had been a major influence on Constable in his formative years after they met at Edmonton in 1796 when Constable was working for his father, a merchant, and was staying with relatives while visiting London on business. John Thomas 'Antiquity' Smith (1766-1833) was a print maker, topographer, portraitist and drawing master, a larger-than-life figure who knew all the main players in the London art world and whose friendship must have opened a window onto a new world for Constable. Smith encouraged the younger man by sending him drawings and casts to copy as well as books, among which his own 1797 publication illustrated with etchings, Remarks on Rural Scenery, the basic tenet of which – and one shared by Constable - was that artists should find beauty in all forms of nature, no matter how humble. Smith went to stay with the Constable family in the autumn of 1798 and it is probably no coincidence that within months John left the family business and was enrolled as a student at the Royal Academy Schools.
Contacts
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories, buyer's premium excluding Cars, Motorbikes, Wine, Whisky and Coin & Medal sales, will be as follows:

Buyer's Premium Rates
27.5% on the first £20,000 of the hammer price;
26% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £20,000 up to and including £700,000;
20% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £700,000 up to and including £4,500,000;
and 14.5% of the hammer price of any amounts in excess of £4,500,000.

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

For payment information please refer to the sale catalogue.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licences please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

App