<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362

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Lot 164
1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau

Sold for US$ 379,000 inc. premium
1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau
Chassis no. 2362
Engine no. 2362

1,280cc, Side Valve Two Cylinder Phenix Inline Engine
5bhp, Single Phenix Carburetor
3-Speed Manual Transmission with Chain Drive
Front Suspension, Fully Elliptic Leaf Spring, Rear, Semi-Elliptic Leaf Spring
2-Wheel Contracting Band Brakes, with Additional Transmission Brake

*Meticulously restored and documented
*Highly original, and one of only two known 5 HP Panhards to exist
*Dated by The Veteran Car Club of Great Britain
*Has completed numerous London to Brighton Runs
*'The definitive London to Brighton car' with early start time


PANHARD ET LEVASSOR

"the two-cylinder car must be regarded as one of the most reliable and best-made machines of the Veteran era" – John Bolster, of the Panhard-Levassor.

Today, Panhard Levassor automobiles are rarely seen in America, but in their day this continent was a strong market for their products, many imported under the auspices of the enterprising gentlemen who had raced them in France, Messieurs Charron, Girardot and Mr. Voight (later manufacturers of their own C.G.V. cars), working with Smith and Mabley. In the famed photograph of George J. Gould with his collection of early motorcars, at Lakewood, New Jersey, a Panhard of a similar period to that offered here was front and center, evidence that there were certainly a number of these cars in America. As they had been in Europe they would also be raced, David Wolfe Bishop controversially running the New York to Buffalo Endurance among other events in 1901, with his 16hp four-cylinder Phènix-engined Panhard.

But while the presence of Panhards in America may be predominantly contained to after the turn of the 20th Century, in France the concern was already approaching a decade of its existence. In Bolster's famed book The Upper Crust, the Panhard is described in the second chapter of the automobile story, the topic concluding that following their win in the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris 'Thereafter, the pattern was set for the next decade, and to make the upper crust a car had to do well in the glamourous town-to-town races. As Panhards had the monopoly of racing successes for the first few years, this was the make to buy if you wanted the best.'

The dawn of the automobile may be in the Benz camp, but in many ways the Système Panhard, now more than 120 years ago pioneered much of the concept of how a car was operated and continues to be today. The engine was moved to the front, beneath a 'hood' or 'bonnet', the transfer of speed was mechanical, cog on cog, rather than by belt, and Panhards were the first to encase their geared transmission in a 'box'. Piano style pedals were used for operating clutch and transmission brakes, ordered as they still are on most 'stick shift' cars today. First a tiller was used to operate the directional control of the car, but within a few years this was replaced with a 'steering' wheel. It all sounds obvious today, but the Panhard was the first car that these concepts were seen on. Only one main aspect shows its age, that of the transfer of power to the road by chains from the transfer 'box', this part of the mechanism would remain fashionable through the introduction of the Daimler 'Mercedes' product for at least a decade on many production cars and today among collectors from Locomobiles to Simplexes, the idea of a chain drive car remains very appealing!

The survival rate of these cars is relatively modest, and in America the few that exist are predominantly housed in major institutional collections, such as the National Automobile Museum (Harrah Collection) in Reno, Nevada, and the Revs Institute in Florida.

THE MOTORCAR OFFERED

In addition to their importance and stature in the history of the automobile, in today's age of vociferous documentation and proof of history, Panhard Levassor cars are head and shoulders above most in that the original ledgers recording their order and supply survive, definitively proving their age, which can be a challenge for some cars.

Copies of the factory records on file confirm that 2362 was ordered on August 30, 1901 to regional Lyon Panhard and Renault agent Christy, Médecet et Cie. Its original build sheet can be translated to confirm that the order requested Caisse Carroserie Ordinaire, a factory term for Tonneau and that while 6 layers of undercoat paint were applied, the topcoat and hence color was left for the end user to have chosen.

Owing to having been retailed by an agent, the first owner of the car is not known, but judgements of the longevity of its use can safely be assumed from the condition in which it was found many years later. Photos of the 'as found' Panhard, dating from the 1980s clearly show that it still wore a studded tire. Such tires were outdated by as early as the late teens. It is also safe to say that the Panhard itself would have quickly been usurped by faster automobiles after no more than a handful of years. The photos on file confirm that the car was found complete with original body and bonnet, including – rarely found - the original mahogany wings.

The car was by then the property of Professor Jean Tua, a Swiss entrepreneur and scientist based in Geneva, who would later open his own museum for a decade or so. By that stage the Panhard had already been sold to noted Veteran car collector Brian Garner in 1983. He brought it to his home in Jersey in the British Channel Islands and was responsible for a sympathetic restoration.

It passed through a succession of owners in the late 1980s before being sold to the former owner, Philip Tillyard in 1992. The current custodian, a fastidious collector of the purest cars only purchased it in October 2015, having been impressed by the intrinsic originality of the car, and its factory bodywork and which extended to details rarely found such as its Phenix carburetor, stamped with the engine number. Having secured such a great basis, and mindful of its now aged 1980s restoration, the decision was made to comprehensively restore the car. By this, as evidenced by the cataloguer, the car was literally taken to pieces and restored from the ground upwards.

A rich deep blue scheme for the main bodywork, accented by black moldings and cream coach-lining in correct period style. The upholstery was totally renewed to an exceptional standard in black hides and to a button back pattern. The rebuild was completed in 2017 and as can be seen is wholly exacting and beautifully finished. Its restoration, and extensive history research, including copies of the factory records and many period event programs, is contained in no less than 9 binders!

Since that time the car has been properly run in, on the French 'Rallye des Ancetres' in 2017, which it completed without trouble and successfully as well as travelling to Brighton in 2017 and 2018. Being of 1901 date of manufacture the car routinely commands a start in the sub 100 car category (number 84 in 2017, number 87 in 2018), allowing for a less congested run down to Brighton.

2019 represents the 125th Anniversary of the birth of motorsport, where Panhard and Panhard-engined Peugeots took the honors, that win started a decade of manufacture of similar machines along the Système Panhard principles. This exquisitely presented example offers the chance to experience this legendary series of automobiles and is a no excuses, officially dated and perfect entry to the London to Brighton, on which it has competed no fewer than 32 times.

Footnotes

  • Please note that the current British License Plate of YR45 is available by separate negotiation.

Saleroom notices

  • Please note that the current British License Plate of YR45 is available by separate negotiation.
Contacts
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
<b>1901 Panhard et Levassor 5hp Twin Cylinder Rear Entrance Tonneau</b><br />Chassis no. 2362<br />Engine no. 2362
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