Boer War 1899-1902: Howick Concentration Camp, Natal, South Africa. BOTHA, AINNIE. 3 Autograph Letters Signed ("Ann"),  in Africaans, 12 pp, 8vo, Howick Concentration Camp, January, May and November, [1901],

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Lot 235
Boer War 1899-1902: Howick Concentration Camp, Natal, South Africa.
BOTHA, AINNIE.
3 Autograph Letters Signed ("Ann"), in Africaans, 12 pp, 8vo, Howick Concentration Camp, January, May and November, [1901],

US$ 1,500 - 2,500
£ 1,200 - 2,100
Boer War 1899-1902: Howick Concentration Camp, Natal, South Africa.
BOTHA, AINNIE. 3 Autograph Letters Signed ("Ann"), in Africaans, 12 pp, 8vo, Howick Concentration Camp, January, May and November, [1901], to her uncle Gerrit Botha, the letters discussing the state of the camp, her plea to find out about her father and brothers in the field, and her impassioned support to the Boer cause.
WITH: 5 censored and uncensored envelopes for letters sent out of, or into Howick camp, most to other Boer Prisoners of War in other camps, from their interned loved ones.
AND a 1 p letter signed "Ainnie Botha," to a Miss Wilson, Refugee School, Natal, dated 15/9/02, written in another hand in English, with envelope; and a written travel pass for a Miss Maude, signed J Murray Assistant Superintendant Howick A Camp.

A rare collection of Boer War letters and envelopes, 4 written in Africaans by the daughter of Louis Botha (Boer General and the first Prime Minister of South Africa), whilst interned in the Concentration camp at Howick, Natal. The 5 extra envelopes from internees to loved ones are of particular interest to postal history collectors. mostly with stamps, censor labels, and endorsements.
The establishment of concentration camps by the British for the civilian population of the Boer states in South Africa caused an international outcry. The first camp outside Howick, Natal, was opened in January 1901 as a "refugee camp," initially unfenced, to house the large numbers of farmers and political prisoners that were displaced after 1901 from the British army's adoption of a slash and burn policy in Orange Free State and Transvaal to combat the guerilla warfare of the Boer army. A second camp was added in late 1901, and up to 3300 civilian inhabitants were housed in tents. The camp was closed in October 1902; 84 internees died during this period, mostly from epidemics of measles and scarlet fever.
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