PTOLEMAEUS, CLAUDIUS. c.100-c.170. Geographie opus nouissima traductione e Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum. Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1513.
Lot 81
PTOLEMAEUS, CLAUDIUS. c.100-c.170.
Geographie opus nouissima traductione e Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum. Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1513.
US$ 250,000 - 350,000
£ 190,000 - 270,000

Lot Details
PTOLEMAEUS, CLAUDIUS. c.100-c.170. Geographie opus nouissima traductione e Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum. Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1513. PTOLEMAEUS, CLAUDIUS. c.100-c.170. Geographie opus nouissima traductione e Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum. Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1513. PTOLEMAEUS, CLAUDIUS. c.100-c.170. Geographie opus nouissima traductione e Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum. Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1513. PTOLEMAEUS, CLAUDIUS. c.100-c.170. Geographie opus nouissima traductione e Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum. Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1513. PTOLEMAEUS, CLAUDIUS. c.100-c.170. Geographie opus nouissima traductione e Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum. Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1513. PTOLEMAEUS, CLAUDIUS. c.100-c.170. Geographie opus nouissima traductione e Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum. Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1513. PTOLEMAEUS, CLAUDIUS. c.100-c.170. Geographie opus nouissima traductione e Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum. Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1513.
PTOLEMAEUS, CLAUDIUS. c.100-c.170.
Geographie opus nouissima traductione e Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum. Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1513.
Folio (460 x 321 mm). 47 WOODCUT MAPS BY MARTIN WALDSEEMULLER (all but 2 double-page), the last map (Lothraringia) printed in three colors, 4 woodcut diagrams in text, one full-page woodcut of an armillary sphere. Contemporary blind-stamped paneled calf over wooden boards, each cover decorated with alternating fillets of a stag and hunter, and a thistle and bird roll tool, fore-edges lettered in Greek: "Ptolemaio," original contemporary page-markers. Skillfully rebacked in period style, covers expertly restored, endpapers and brass fittings renewed, lower portion of the title page restored with 12 lines of text on verso supplied in facsimile, repaired tears affecting image in 3 maps (Italy, Switzerland & upper Rhineland), lower blank portion of last leaf renewed, lacking final blank.
Provenance: Numerous contemporary marginalia in two different hands; Pierre S. du Pont III (1911-1988; his sale, Christie's New York 8 October 1991, lot 214).

THE FIRST "MODERN" EDITION OF PTOLEMY AND "THE MOST IMPORTANT OF ALL PTOLEMY EDITIONS," with THE FIRST MAP IN AN ATLAS ENTIRELY DEVOTED TO AMERICA. This is the first modern atlas of the world, prepared by Martin Waldseemuller using the translation of Mathias Ringmann. One of the most important editions of Ptolemy, including 20 new maps based on contemporary knowledge "unlike many of the alleged 'new' maps produced by earlier editors, [they] contained a great deal of new information, and in nearly every case they were decided improvements over anything that had been previously offered..." (The World Encompassed 56), in addition to the traditional body of 27 Ptolemaic maps derived from the 1482 Ulm edition (or possibly from the manuscript atlas of Nicolaus Germanus that served as source for the latter). Schott's edition, while initiated by the most famous of all early sixteenth-century cosmographers, Martin Waldseemuller and his associate Mathias Ringmann, partly at the expense of Duke Rene of Lorraine, was brought to completion by Jacobus Eszler and Georgius Ubelin. The atlas contains THE FIRST MAP IN AN ATLAS ENTIRELY DEVOTED TO AMERICA "Tabula terre nove." Often called the "Admiral's map" after Columbus, unlike its predecessor by Peter Martyr, it shows the continental Atlantic seaboard, with a continuous coastline stretching from the mouth of the Rio de la Plata to the St. Lawrence River. Although not to scale it depicts a complete Gulf of Mexico. The island of Cuba is here named Isabella after Queen Isabella of Spain, who was funded Columbus's expedition of 1492. The first issue of Waldseemuller's wall map published in 1507 introduces for the first time "America" named after Amerigo Vespucci to name South America, but in this atlas issue he acknowledges Columbus's discovery with the legend: "Hec terra cum adiacentib insulis inuenta est per Columbus ianuensem ex mandato Regis Castelle" (This land with its adjacent islands was discovered by Columbus, sent by the king of Castile). The map of Lotharingia (the first map of the Duchy of Lorraine), printed in black, red and olive, is one the earliest examples of color-printing. This edition was reprinted in 1520 using the same woodcut blocks. No better assemblage of maps was issued until Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum of 1570. Adams P-2219; Alden & Landis 513/6; Fairfax Murray German 348 and 348A; Nordenskiold 205 (incomplete); Phillips Atlases 359; Sabin 66478; Shirley 34; World Encompassed 56.
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