<b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510

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Lot 168Ω
1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette
Coachwork by Driguet, Aine, France
US$ 250,000 - 350,000
£ 190,000 - 270,000

Amended
Lot Details
<b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510 <b>1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette</b><br />Engine no. 1510
1899 Panhard Et Levassor 6HP Twin Cylinder Wagonette
Coachwork by Driguet, Aine, France

Engine no. 1510

1,699cc, Side Valve Two Cylinder Inline Engine
6hp, Hot Tube Ignition
4-Speed Manual Transmission, Forward & Reverse
Front Suspension, Fully Elliptic Leaf Spring, Rear, Semi-Elliptic Leaf Spring
2-Wheel Contracting Band Brakes, with Additional Transmission Brake

*Veteran Car Club of Great Britain Dated
*Offered with copies of Factory Records
*Pre-1900, 'Hot-tube' ignition car
*Has completed London to Brighton Veteran Car Run


PANHARD ET LEVASSOR

Today, Panhard Levassor automobiles are rarely seen in America, but in their day this continent was a strong market for their products, many imported under the auspices of the enterprising gentlemen who had raced them in France, Messieurs Charron, Girardot and Mr. Voight (later manufacturers of their own C.G.V. cars), working with Smith and Mabley. In the famed photograph of George J. Gould with his collection of early motorcars, at Lakewood, New Jersey, a Panhard of a similar period to that offered here was front and center, evidence that there were certainly a number of these cars in America. As they had been in Europe they would also be raced, David Wolfe Bishop controversially running the New York to Buffalo Endurance among other events in 1901, with his 16hp four-cylinder Phènix-engined Panhard.

But while the presence of Panhards in America may be predominantly contained to after the turn of the 20th Century, in France the concern was already approaching a decade of its existence. In Bolster's famed book The Upper Crust, the Panhard is described in the second chapter of the automobile story, the topic concluding that following their win in the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris 'Thereafter, the pattern was set for the next decade, and to make the upper crust a car had to do well in the glamourous town-to-town races. As Panhards had the monopoly of racing successes for the first few years, this was the make to buy if you wanted the best.'

The dawn of the automobile may be in the Benz camp, but in many ways the Système Panhard, now more than 120 years ago pioneered much of the concept of how a car was operated and continues to be today. The engine was moved to the front, beneath a 'hood' or 'bonnet', the transfer of speed was mechanical, cog on cog, rather than by belt, and Panhards were the first to encase their geared transmission in a 'box'. Piano style pedals were used for operating clutch and transmission brakes, ordered as they still are on most 'stick shift' cars today. First a tiller was used to operate the directional control of the car, but within a few years this was replaced with a 'steering' wheel. It all sounds obvious today, but the Panhard was the first car that these concepts were seen on. Only one main aspect shows its age, that of the transfer of power to the road by chains from the transfer 'box', this part of the mechanism would remain fashionable through the introduction of the Daimler 'Mercedes' product for at least a decade on many production cars and today among collectors from Locomobiles to Simplexes, the idea of a chain drive car remains very appealing!

The survival rate of these cars is relatively modest, and in America the few that exist are predominantly housed in major institutional collections, such as the National Automobile Museum (Harrah Collection) in Reno, Nevada, and the Revs Institute in Florida.

THE MOTORCAR OFFERED

In addition to their importance and stature in the history of the automobile, in today's age of vociferous documentation and proof of history, Panhard Levassor cars are head and shoulders above most in that the original ledgers recording their order and supply survive, definitively proving their age, which can be a challenge for some cars.

Therefore, as illustrated on the pages here we know factually that this car, a model M2F with engine number 1510 was supplied on March 13, 1899, 119 years ago almost to the day. The car is listed as having received limousine coachwork by Jeantaud Fils, a seeming anomaly, as it has always been known in the form that it is today, something that may have been inaccurate at the time being the coachwork would have been fitted post factory, or was updated with more practical open coachwork it wears, by Driguet of Aine, France. The agency through which it was sold was 'Sté Automobile', probably an abbreviation for La Société Automobiles et Motocycles Aurore, which was established on the Boulevard Haussmann in Paris in 1899.

The progression of the automobile was extremely fast moving once the 20th century arrived, and it is perhaps not surprising to note that early Panhard such as this were soon outdated. However, the cars were invariably bought by wealthy individuals and it would seem that their affinity with these pioneering automobiles, coupled to the fact that they had no financial pressures to 'trade up' up their cars meant that many were simply retained by their original or early owners.

It seems likely, but is not definitively known, that this was the case with this car, which was discovered alongside an early Gardner Serpollet and a De Dion Bouton, when a textile factory in Angers, France was torn down in the mid-1960s. All three cars were founded secreted behind a false wall to preserve or protect them, perhaps before the first world war. They were traded by a dealer, Mr. Sypp of Marseille at this point, the steamer would be acquired by the Schlumpf brothers and presumably resides in the Musee Nationale de L'Automobile in Mulhouse today, while the Panhard was sold to a M. Belet of Lausanne, Switzerland. Later it was acquired by Brian Garner, a known enthusiast for these cars based in Jersey in the UK. He commissioned a restoration and would go on to use the car through the 1980s and 1990s. It was assessed and dated by the Veteran Car Club of Great Britain at this point as being of 1899 manufacture.

From Mr. Garner it passed to noted French car collector Abba Kogan being one of the earliest cars in his esteemed collection. As that group was refined and downsized it re-emerged at public auction in 1999, passing to noted British collectors Daniel and Toby Ward. In 2009, Bonhams assisted in a trimming of their burgeoning collection at which point the car passed to its previous owner. The present custodians acquired the car two years later at Bonhams famed London to Brighton Veteran Car Run Annual sale.

In the present ownership, the car has been returned to its 'hot tube' ignition set up which has been fitted with a new regulator and tank and is fully operational. Furthermore, many of the mechanicals have been serviced. The fuel and water tanks have both been cleaned and the cooling system has been flushed. The cylinder head has been paned and fitted with a new gasket while the valves have also been lapped and adjusted. Lastly, the carburetor has also been disassembled and cleaned. The vehicle has been adapted to take an electric starter. However, one is included with the correct bracket but not currently fitted.

It has been run on the London to Brighton in the last two previous ownerships and remains eligible today. Performance is governed by decompressor, and although the turn of speed in numeric terms may seem modest, when in its command and loaded with people, relative to its capacity to stop seems more than adequate!

One of the earliest cars on these shores, and certainly one of the oldest Panhard Levassors, this remarkable 19th Century Automobile would be an important component of any major collection charting the history of the motorcar, with the additional benefit of being able to campaign the London to Brighton Run from the advantageous placing in the first group at the front of the pack.

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