Zhang Daqian (Chang Dai-chien, 1899-1983)  Landscape
Lot 823
Zhang Daqian (Chang Dai-chien, 1899-1983)
Landscape
HK$ 2,800,000 - 3,800,000
US$ 360,000 - 490,000

Lot Details
Zhang Daqian (Chang Dai-chien, 1899-1983)  Landscape
Zhang Daqian (Chang Dai-chien, 1899-1983)
Landscape
Ink and colour on paper, framed
Inscribed and signed Shujun Zhang Daqian Yuan, with a dedication, and two seals of the artist
Dated guimao year (1963)
124.5 x 51cm (49 x 20⅛in).

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    Acquired directly from the artist. Previously in the collection of Cai Keting (1891-1974), Macau, and thence by descent.

    張大千 溪山漁隱 設色紙本 鏡框 一九六三年作

    款識:
    癸卯(1963)九月初四日,昌鑾仁弟索寫,以祝其尊人克庭先生七旬晉四大慶。蜀郡張大千爰頓首百拜。

    鈐印:張爰私印、千秋願、長共天難老

    來源:
    澳門殷商蔡克庭舊藏,直接得自畫家寫贈,並由其後人寶藏至今

    上款:蔡克庭(1891-1974),拱北北嶺人(今廣東珠海香洲區北嶺村),澳門愛國殷商,事業版圖包括三和公司、俄國麵包公司、廬山影相館、花尾大渡號客輪等。抗戰時積極參與抗日,拱北地區淪陷,蔡氏以廠房、客輪權充避難所,接待逃至澳門之北嶺鄉民,義舉令人感念。戰後蔡氏擔任澳門鏡湖醫院主席及管理港澳銀行財政業務。一九七四年病逝於香港。

    蔡昌鑾,克庭次子,與張大千結識於重慶,成為至交。昌鑾弟昌耀與大千同樣交好。蔡昌鑾日後為張大千遷居巴西置業亦幫助良多。一九四九年春,張大千攜眷僕等,自香港赴澳門蔡家作客,獲克庭父子盛情款待。

    蔡家宅邸位於郵政總局後的大堂街十八號,樓高三層,大千一家寓樓下右前客房,前後達三月餘。除與居游港澳的藝壇友人往來,如鄧芬、黃苗子、 鮑少游、黃般若、黃蘊玉等,亦常於大宅內親自烹調川菜設宴,更將兩隻長臂白猿養在宅邸花園。廳中併置兩張八仙桌,大千每於午憩後便在案頭揮毫,閒時則漫步各處園林。畫家旅居澳門期間可謂十分愜意,而為答謝主人款待的盛情,凡題贈蔡家之作,必為精品。

    張大千題贈蔡氏家族的作品,近年釋出市場為人所知的有〈唐人秋獵圖〉 、〈富貴花開〉,前者是大千多次參展的仿古佳作;後者則是為克庭三女繪製的旗袍圖樣。此外,也有張大千親筆寄致蔡昌鑾及其夫人麗娟之賀歲卡。另有一件〈鏡湖涵碧〉,作於庚寅 (1950),款識述及「去年夏借居澳門,嘗與蔡昌鑾、昌耀昆季登馬蛟」云云,為張蔡兩家交遊之證。蔡家大宅現已不存,八十年代初拆除改建,現址為永基大廈。

    註:此幅祝壽之作,署年癸卯,即一九六三年,時大千僑居南美洲巴西「八德園」已 九年。期間他四處遊歷,於世界各大重要博物館舉辦展覽,例如在本幅寫成的同時,即有美國紐約舉辦的個展。六十年代初期,大千一方面因眼疾,一方面因接觸到西方抽象表現主義的元素,不斷探索,發展出前無古人的潑墨潑彩風格,一九六二年〈青城山通景屏〉即是此階段的重要作品。而隔年創作的這幅〈溪山漁隱〉,屬於同一時期所寫之佳作。

    畫中山水樹石的形象雖仍具體,但點染之間可見畫家快意揮灑的表現風格。除具象與抽象風格並存,大千將傳統各家各派打散揉碎,匯入己意而流出筆端。構圖虛實互襯,運筆痛快沈著,點染抒放不拘,通幅墨氣濕潤飽滿,濃、淡相生, 層次通透有致,遠觀則暢快淋漓;近看則人物、小徑、屋舍皆饒富趣味。層層敷染,一氣呵成,具見匠心。

    參考資料:
    姜舜源,〈張大千「澳門時代」墨寶面世〉,《澳門雜誌》87(2012),頁 67-73
    莫小也,〈20世紀前期聚居中國澳門的傳統畫家〉,《藝術百家》5(2011),頁179-184
    陳繼春,〈張大千的澳門之旅〉,《澳門雜誌》1 (1997),頁 88-93
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