An important and exceptionally rare huanghuali table, kangzhuo 17th century

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Lot 5 Y
An important and exceptionally rare huanghuali table, kangzhuo
17th century

Sold for HK$ 1,875,000 (US$ 238,860) inc. premium
An important and exceptionally rare huanghuali table, kangzhuo
17th century
The rectangular paneled top with beaded edge, above the narrow waist elaborately carved with a continuous foliate lingzhi fungus scroll above the symmetrically-scalloped frieze carved in openwork with a central cross-hatched motif flanked by lingzhi sprays, all raised on superbly and intricately carved cabriole legs boldly carved in openwork with stylised acanthus leaves curled over the ball foot supported on square pads, the underside with traces of original clay and lacquer undercoating. 106.7cm (42in) wide x 71.1cm (28in) deep x 29.2cm (11 1/2in) high

Footnotes

  • 十七世紀 黃花梨捲草紋捲球足炕桌

    Provenance:
    Robert H. Ellsworth, New York, by 1979
    An important European private collection, acquired from the above circa mid-1980s

    Published and Illustrated:
    R.H.Ellsworth, Chinese Furniture: Hardwood Examples of the Ming and Early Ch'ing Dynasties, New York, 1979, p.147, pls.39 and 39a.
    S.Handler, 'On a New World Arose the Kang Table', Journal of the Classical Chinese Furniture Society, Museum of Classical Chinese Furniture, Summer 1992, p.36, fig.20

    來源:
    安思遠,紐約,1979年以前
    重要歐洲私人收藏,於1980年代中葉從以上藏家獲得

    出版及著錄:
    安思遠,《Chinese Furniture: Hardwood Examples of the Ming and Early Ch'ing Dynasties》,紐約,1979年,頁147,圖39及39a
    S.Handler,"On a New World Arose the Kang Table",刊登於《Journal of the Classical Chinese Furniture Society》,中國古典家具博物館,1992年夏,頁36,圖20

    The present huanghuali kangzhuo is the culmination of the development of Chinese classical furniture throughout the Ming dynasty and onto the early Qing period, encapsulating the gradual evolvement in its form and both intricate and bold design. It demonstrates exceptional virtuosity in its craftsmanship and creativity of design.

    The master craftsman superbly accomplished in his treatment of the legs a sense of robustness and boldness whilst masterfully demonstrating his virtuosity in the openwork leaf design and use of contrasting geometric forms of the encircled ball against the tapering square pad foot. This remarkable feature though very rare, can be seen on a selected number of huanghuali tables: see from the Peter Fung Collection, a low table with folding legs, kang 16th/17th century, exhibited in the National Museum of History, Taipei and illustrated in Splendor of Style: Classical Furniture from the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Taipei, 1999, p.116; and a further example of a folding low table, kang, 1550-1600, illustrated by R.H.Ellsworth, N.Grindley and A.Christy, Chinese Furniture: One Hundred Examples from the Mimi and Raymond Hung Collection, vol.1, New York, 1996, pp.112-113, no.36; another related example of a kang table, late Ming dynasty, but of less elaborate design, is illustrated by Grace Wu, The Best of the Best: The MQJ Collection of Ming Furniture, vol.1, Beijing, 2017, pp.202-230.

    The prominent relief-carved lingzhi fungus scroll and sprays around the waist and aprons, can be seen on late Ming to early Qing dynasty huanghuali furniture, such as a summer-winter table, 17th century, from the Dr S.Y.Yip Collection, illustrated in In Pursuit of Antiquities: Thirty-fifth Anniversary Exhibition of the Min Chiu Society, Hong Kong, 1995, p.279, and later sold at Sotheby's Hong Kong, 7 October 2015, lot 118; and a tapered cabinet with lattice, 17th century, illustrated by S.Handler, Austere Luminosity of Chinese Classical Furniture, Berkeley, 2001, p.256, fig.15.18.

    The round ball form over the square form of the pad feet may represent the cosmology of the round heavenly realm and the square earthly domain (tianyuan difang). The lingzhi fungus is associated with the auspicious wish for long life. The elaborate design and imagination demonstrated in the carving and decoration of the legs as well as the waist and apron was due to the elevated position of the table, bringing these details into full view. For further discussion about the development of the kang table, see S.Handler, ibid., pp.161-179.

    Compare a related but smaller huanghuali table, kangzhuo, 16th/17th century (44.5cm wide), from the Marie Theresa L. Virata Collection, which was sold at Christie's New York, 16 March 2017, lot 650, with less elaborate legs and plain frieze.

    炕桌黃花梨製,桌面打槽平鑲三板面心,下設三根穿帶支撐,抹頭可見明榫。邊抹冰盤沿打窪面向下內缩底壓窄線,高束腰,束腰及壺門牙板鏟地浮雕如意捲草紋。炕桌四面紋飾一致,曲線靈動,線條流暢,雕工精湛。牙條以抱肩榫與腿相結合,腿部啟陽線與牙條鏈接,並鏤雕草葉捲球,下承方足,一木連作,設計精巧,極為少見。

    炕桌為典型明式家具桌形之一,適用於席地而坐或用於炕上。此炕桌承標準明代黃花梨炕桌之式,以精湛的雕刻技藝呈現出相對更為繁複的紋飾及設計,是明代家具向清代過渡的特徵。

    此炕桌一改傳統明代的三彎式足,在直式外翻馬蹄的基礎上雕刻圓珠,並以鏤雕手法雕捲葉將圓珠及抱肩榫相連,成捲球足,使整器顯得穩重而又不失華麗之感。此類鏤空葉紋捲球的設計在黃花梨家具中較為少見,設計極其優美。帶有類似足部設計的例子,見台灣國立歷史博物館曾展出一件十六/十七世紀黃花梨踏,著錄於《風華再現-明清家具收藏展》,台北,1999年,頁116。另見一黃花梨折疊式踏,著錄於R.H.Ellsworth,N.Grindley和A.Christy《Chinese Furniture: One Hundred Examples from the Mimi and Raymond Hung Collection》,卷一,紐約,1996年,頁112-113,圖36;另見木趣居藏一件明晚期黃花梨壺門牙子葉紋捲球足炕桌,著錄於《木趣居:家具中的嘉具》,上,北京,2017年,頁202-230。

    此炕桌束腰及壺門牙子上的捲草紋為明末清初黃花梨家具上常見紋飾,如攻玉山房收藏一件明末清初黃花梨炕桌展腿式兩用方桌,見《好古敏求:敏求精舍三十五週年紀念展》,香港,1995年,編號251,頁279,後於香港蘇富比售出,2015年10月7日,拍品編號118。另見一件十七世紀黃花梨櫃,著錄於《Austere Luminosity of Chinese Classical Furniture》,柏克萊,2001年,頁256,圖15.18。

    對比紐約佳士得曾售出一件十六/十七世紀黃花梨炕桌,尺寸稍小(44.5厘米寛),為Marie Theresa L. Virata舊藏,足部無捲球設計,紋飾也更為簡單,2017年3月16日,拍品編號650。
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An important and exceptionally rare huanghuali table, kangzhuo 17th century
An important and exceptionally rare huanghuali table, kangzhuo 17th century
An important and exceptionally rare huanghuali table, kangzhuo 17th century
An important and exceptionally rare huanghuali table, kangzhuo 17th century
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