A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century

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Lot 116
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock
Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century

Sold for US$ 112,500 inc. premium

The Art of Time

6 Dec 2018, 13:00 EST

New York

A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock
Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
In the form of a four-column rotunda on circular base within molded ormolu band, the cornice with applied gilt bas relief figures of the Zodiac enclosing silvered calendar ring, the clock movement mounted between two columns, with circular plates, twin going barrels, deadbeat escapement, gridiron pendulum spring suspended between dial and front plate, striking the hour and half hour on a bell by means of a count wheel, the orrery can be driven by wheel work planted on the back plate or, alternatively, by a crank on the side of the cornice, the orrery mounted on substantial rectangular plates joined by four screwed cylindrical pillars and comprising earth / moon spheres supported on a silvered lunar calendar, the globe with paper gores surmounted by a silvered 24-hour ring within a brass frame with indicators for sunrise and sunset, the moon sphere half blued to mimic the phase as indicated on the lunar calendar, central brass Sun sphere, additional separately wound going barrel also driving silvered leap year indicator on the opposite end of the frame 26 ½ in (67cm) high

Footnotes

  • This type of geared model of the solar system, or tellurium, traces its origin to an instrument devised by George Graham and Thomas Tompion in 1712. That model was soon copied and improved by John Rowley, their neighbor in Fleet Street, and "Master of Mechanics" to George I. Rowley also made many instruments for Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery, who bequeathed his collection to Christ Church, Oxford in 1731. It is from the tellurium in this group, that similar geared models acquired the name "Orrery."

    Zacharie-Nicholas-Amé-Joseph Raingo (1775 - 1847)

    In Raingo's planetary machine, the earth revolves on its axis daily, the moon circles the earth and the entire system turns about the sun.
    Few details are known about the life of Zacharie Raingo. Born in Mons, Belgium, he is recorded working in Tournai by 1806, then Ghent in 1810 and finally in Paris, living at first in rue de Cléry and then in 1815 in rue Saint-Sébastien. Highly regarded, the was appointed Horloger-Mécanicien to the Duke of Chartres and in 1824 Horloger-Mécanicien du Garde-Meuble de la Couronne.

    In 1810 he obtained a patent for a planetarium that is now preserved in the Musées Royaux d'Art et d'Histoire in Brussels. It is thought that perhaps twenty of his orrery clocks exist. Most known examples, like the present clock are in the form of a gilt mounted, four column rotunda, veneered with mahogany or amboyna. Many of these rest on a musical base, playing on the hour or at will.
    A well-known example, now at Windsor Castle was purchased by George IV in 1824 for 300 guineas. Other examples can be found in the Spanish Royal Collection at the Palacio Real de Madrid, the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers in Paris, the Musée International de l'Hologerie, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland, the Science Museum, London and the Sir John Soane Museum, London. Another, formerly belonging to the author Paul Chamberlain is in the collection of the American Clock and Watch Museum, Bristol CT.

    Comparative Literature

    Chamberlain, Paul. It's About Time. New York (1941), pp 274 – 278

    Colon de Carvajal, J. Ramon. Catalogo de Relojes del Patrimonio nacional, Madrid (1987), p. 144, catalogue n° 122

    Jagger, Cedric. Royal Clocks, The British Monarchy & its Timekeepers 1300-1900, London (1983), p. 168, fig. 229

    King, Henry and John Milburn. Geared to the Stars, Toronto (1978) pp 305 - 306
Contacts
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
A fine ormolu mounted amboyna orrery clock Raingo à Paris, First quarter 19th century
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