EDWARD IV Document signed ("RE" at head), in Latin, licensing Alain de la Motte, Vice Admiral of Brittany ("Alani Delamtoe viceadmiralli Britannie"), his factors or deputies to convey for a period of one year on a certain ship called "Langevyne de Saint Malou" from the ports of Brittany eighty barrels or less of Gascon wines, Westminster, 1 December 1474

This lot has been removed from the website, please contact customer services for more information

Lot 18
EDWARD IV
Document signed ("RE" at head), in Latin, licensing Alain de la Motte, Vice Admiral of Brittany ("Alani Delamtoe viceadmiralli Britannie"), his factors or deputies to convey for a period of one year on a certain ship called "Langevyne de Saint Malou" from the ports of Brittany eighty barrels or less of Gascon wines, Westminster, 1 December 1474

Sold for £ 6,875 (US$ 8,717) inc. premium
EDWARD IV
Document signed ("RE" at head), in Latin, licensing Alain de la Motte, Vice Admiral of Brittany ("Alani Delamtoe viceadmiralli Britannie"), his factors or deputies to convey for a period of one year on a certain ship called "Langevyne de Saint Malou" from the ports of Brittany eighty barrels or less of Gascon wines, and other wines, goods and merchandises ("octoginta dolio[rum] vel infra vinis de Vasconia ac quibuscumq[ue] aliis vinis bonis & M[er]candisis carcatam"), with a master, mariners and ship's boys ("pagettis") needed for competently sailing the ship to England, as often as he shall please during the term of this licence, with freedom to load and unload at Calais without impediment, attack, molestation, arrest or hurt, provided always that customs and other monies due to the King are paid; dated memorandum at head of document recording that the licence was delivered to the Lord Chancellor to be enacted; with typed transcript and translation, on vellum, framed, light dust-staining, and traces of mounting on verso, but overall in attractive fresh condition, 335 x 140mm., Westminster, 1 December 1474

Footnotes

  • 'EIGHTY BARRELS OF GASCON WINE' – Edward IV licences the import of wine into England. The province of Guienne and Gascony had been in English hands, following the marriage of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine in 1152, for three centuries, up until the fall of Bordeaux and its surrounding lands following the Battle of Castillon, the last of the Hundred Years War, in 1453. Up until then, practically all wine exports of the region had been destined for the English market; but thereafter, while the trade was not actually banned, such were the restrictions placed on English merchants that the wine trade fell increasingly into the hands of Flemish and other exporters (including the Scots); while the English turned their attentions to other wine-producing areas such as Spain and Portugal.

    The recipient of this licence, Alain de la Motte, was Seigneur of Fontaines, Lieutenant of Saint-Malo and vice-admiral to the Duke of Brittany. Ten years earlier, following appeals by the exiled Queen Margaret to the Duke of Brittany, he had been placed in command in the fleet that set sail from Saint-Malo to support Lancastrian risings in Wales; although news of the Lancastrian defeats in England led to the expedition's cancellation.

    Purchased at Sotheby's, 14 December 1976, lot 63, property of John Carlson Esq (as per saleroom notice), and by descent to the present owners.
Contacts
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories, buyer's premium excluding Cars, Motorbikes, Wine and Coin & Medal sales, will be as follows:

Buyer's Premium Rates
27.5% on the first £2,500 of the hammer price;
25% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £2,500 up to and including £300,000;
20% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £300,000 up to and including £3,000,000;
and 13.9% of the hammer price of any amounts in excess of £3,000,000.

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

For payment information please refer to the sale catalog.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.