RICHARD III AND EDWARD V – DUCHY OF CORNWALL Compotus or Receiver's Rolls for Cornwall and Devon drawn up under the aegis of Richard III, comprising the account of one year's receipts from the manors, burghs and stannaries of the Duchy of Cornwall; Michaelmas, 22nd year of Edward IV to Michaelmas 1st year Richard III [29 September 1482 to 29 September 1483]
Lot 35
RICHARD III AND EDWARD V – DUCHY OF CORNWALL
Compotus or Receiver's Rolls for Cornwall and Devon drawn up under the aegis of Richard III, comprising the account of one year's receipts from the manors, burghs and stannaries of the Duchy of Cornwall; Michaelmas, 22nd year of Edward IV to Michaelmas 1st year Richard III [29 September 1482 to 29 September 1483]
Sold for £ 20,000 (US$ 25,123) inc. premium

Lot Details
RICHARD III AND EDWARD V – DUCHY OF CORNWALL
Compotus or Receiver's Rolls for Cornwall and Devon drawn up under the aegis of Richard III, comprising the account of one year's receipts from the manors, burghs and stannaries of the Duchy of Cornwall; together with receipts for Devon, Latin text to rectos and versos, calligraphic headings and initials, on 11 parchment membranes (probably of 13: wanting two sheets, the first and the last, with stubs surviving at the head), stitched at the head, plus a coarse parchment covering sheet sewn to foot of the second surviving sheet; the covering sheet with contemporary docket, soiled, creased and darkened (with calligraphic text now indistinct), the remaining sheets with minimal soiling and creasing only and generally very fresh, width 260mm., sheets of varying lengths, most c. 700-760mm., the shortest 420mm., Michaelmas, 22nd year of Edward IV to Michaelmas 1st year Richard III [29 September 1482 to 29 September 1483]

Footnotes

  • RECORDS OF THE DUCHY OF CORNWALL, DRAWN UP FOR RICHARD III AFTER HIS USURPATION AND THE MURDER OF EDWARD V IN THE TOWER OF LONDON, covering the year which saw the reign of three kings – Edward IV, the child Edward V and Richard himself. The Duchy of Cornwall had been created by Edward III for the maintenance of his eldest son, and to this day can only be held by the oldest living son of the monarch. The one-year period of this account roll (Michaelmas to Michaelmas 1482-3) saw no less than three monarchs and two Dukes of Cornwall. The Duchy had been held by Edward IV's son Prince Edward until he succeeded to the throne as Edward V on 9 April 1483. The problem of succession in the Duchy was solved by young Edward's disappearance in the Tower and the usurpation of Richard III on 26 June, when Richard's son Edward was invested as Duke (only to die the following year).

    By the end of fifteenth century, profits from the Duchy amounted to some £500 per annum and its administration was sophisticated and efficient, the annual receiver's rolls, of which this is a fine example, being the summation of a host of preliminary local records and accounts. The present rolls record the final accounts of annual receipts from the Duchy manors of Tybesta, Tywarnhaile, Talskiddy, Calstock, Trematon, Restormel, Penkneth, Penlyne, Tewington, Helstone-in-Kirrier, Tintagel and Moresk, together with those from the burghs of Grampound, Helstone-in-Triggshire, Bossiney, Lostwithiel, Camelford, Ayshe and Launceston, the hundred courts of Kirrier, Penwyth, Poudre and Lesnewth and the stannaries (tin mines) of Tywarnhaile, Blackmore, Foweymore and Penwith. The last two sheets cover receipts in Devon: Plympton, Tavistock, Fulford, Chagford, Bradwynch, Exeter and Southteigne.

    For each of the sub-accounts on the roll, totals for rents, sales and court receipts are given and the bailiff's name provided. In most cases the receipts are noted as delivered into the hands of Sir Robert Willoughby and Sir Thomas Arundell. Though abbreviated in this final account, the entries for each manor usually contain several personal names (the bailiff or reeve, in particular) and other local placenames, together with the final receipt (usually in the £12 to £30 range). Both the hundred court and stannary receipts are detailed in the same way. The receipts from the stannary courts of the tin mines were especially valuable components of Duchy income.

    The survival of manorial records from the Duchy is generally very good, with John Hatcher describing 'a magnificent range of documents, probably unrivalled for lay estates' in the Public Records and Duchy of Cornwall Office (Rural Economy and Society in the Duchy of Cornwall, 1300-1500, 1970). The present roll is a rare survival of medieval Cornish material outside these two repositories.

Saleroom notices

  • This document is NOT covered by the laws governing manorial rolls and thus may be exported from the UK subject to obtaining an export licence.
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