A SCHIST FIGURE OF MAITREYA ANCIENT REGION OF GANDHARA, CIRCA 3RD CENTURY
Lot 3062
A SCHIST FIGURE OF MAITREYA
ANCIENT REGION OF GANDHARA, CIRCA 3RD CENTURY
Sold for US$ 348,500 inc. premium

Lot Details
A SCHIST FIGURE OF MAITREYA ANCIENT REGION OF GANDHARA, CIRCA 3RD CENTURY A SCHIST FIGURE OF MAITREYA ANCIENT REGION OF GANDHARA, CIRCA 3RD CENTURY A SCHIST FIGURE OF MAITREYA ANCIENT REGION OF GANDHARA, CIRCA 3RD CENTURY A SCHIST FIGURE OF MAITREYA ANCIENT REGION OF GANDHARA, CIRCA 3RD CENTURY
A SCHIST FIGURE OF MAITREYA
ANCIENT REGION OF GANDHARA, CIRCA 3RD CENTURY
23 3/4 in. (60.3 cm) high

Footnotes

  • 犍陀羅 約三世紀 片岩彌勒菩薩坐像

    With consummate skill the sculptor has achieved a majestic enthroned Maitreya. The marvelous naturalism conveyed throughout the torso and robe, as the latter slackens and contorts around the powerful figure, is a testament to the virtuoso who carved it.

    His jewelry is defined in both life-like volume and minute detail. His earrings consist of prone lions. His necklaces comprise a bejeweled collar overlain by a torque terminating with leogryphs biting either side of a beveled stone. Equally, his string of amulets, sacred chord, and trefoil armbands show nothing stylized or left to the imagination. The same arrangement of cylindrical amulets can be seen on a standing Maitreya in the British Museum, published in Zwalf, Gandharan Sculpture, London, 1996, p.38, no.52.

    The curling flames in the plinth below refer to the cremation of Shakyamuni Buddha. The iconography is common among Maitreya sculptures, signifying his role as Shakyamuni's successor and future Buddha (compare with an incense-burner or lamp, showing flames rather than smoke, flanked by a worshipper in ibid., no.111.) As Mahayana Buddhism spread from Gandhara to China, images of Maitreya became the focal point of a widespread cult, the idea of a messianic savior appealing to many living under the chaotic political climate and civil unrest of the Six Dynasties period (220-589 CE) that followed the collapse of the Western Han Dynasty in the beginning of the 3rd century - the time around which this sculpture was likely made. The link between the art of Gandhara and early Buddha images in China is demonstrated through a comparison of the facial features and robes between the present lot and a gilt bronze Buddha held in the Harvard Art Museums (acc.#1943.53.80.A), which is among the earliest devotional Buddhist images made in China.

    Compare the near identical face and hair of a standing Maitreya with similar pointed ends of the robes and arrangement of amulets in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston published in Chutiwongs & Leidy Buddha of the Future, New York, 1994, p.70, no.38. Similarly, see these reflected in another held in the Metropolitan Museum of Art published in Behrendt, Art of Gandhara, New York, 2007, p.55, no.44. Compare other seated Maitreya in the British Museum in Zwalf, Gandharan Sculpture, London, 1996, pp.45-7, nos.65-70. For a discussion and examples of the double-looped chignon, its origins, and Western affiliations, see Schmidt, Bodhisattva Headdresses and Hair Styles in the Buddhist Art of Gandhara and Related Regions of Swat and Afghanistan, Ohio State University, 1990, nos.276-81.

    Published
    Carlton Rochell Asian Art, Indian and Southeast Asian Art: Selections from the Robert and Bernice Dickes Collection, New York, 2010, no.4.

    Provenance
    Mathias Komor, New York, 1964
    Robert and Bernice Dickes Collection, New York, 1964-2010
    Carlton Rochell Asian Art, New York
    Private Collection, New York, 2010-2015
    Private New York Collection
Activities
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Arms & Armour, Coins & Medals, Motor Cars, Motorcycles, and Wine & Whisky:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first $250,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from $250,001 to $4,000,000 of the Hammer Price
12.5% on the excess over $4,000,001 of the Hammer Price

Payment Notices

Payment for purchases may be made in or by (a) cash, (b) cashier's check or money order, (c) personal check with approved credit drawn on a U.S. bank, (d) wire transfer or other immediate bank transfer, or (e) Visa, MasterCard, American Express or Discover credit, charge or debit card. Please note that the amount of cash notes and cash equivalents that can be accepted from a given purchaser may be limited.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licences please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Contacts
  1. Lilia Chen
    Auction administration - Indian, Himalayan & Southeast Asian Art
    Bonhams
    Work
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong
    Work +852 3607 0033
  2. Mark Rasmussen
    Specialist - Indian, Himalayan & Southeast Asian Art
    Bonhams
    Work
    580 Madison Avenue
    New York, United States 10022
    Work +1 917 206 1688
    FaxFax: +1 212 644 9007
  3. Edward Wilkinson
    Specialist - Indian, Himalayan & Southeast Asian Art
    Bonhams
    Work
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong
    Work +852 2918 4321
  4. Doris Jinhuang
    Specialist - Indian, Himalayan & Southeast Asian Art
    Bonhams
    Work
    580 Madison Avenue
    New York, United States 10022
    Work +1 917 206 1620
    FaxFax: +1 212 644 9007
Similar Items