CORTES, HERNAN. 1485-1547. Manuscript Document Signed ("Antonio de Mendoza"),

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Lot 4
CORTES, HERNAN. 1485-1547.
Manuscript Document Signed ("Antonio de Mendoza"),

Sold for US$ 8,750 inc. premium
CORTES, HERNAN. 1485-1547.
Manuscript Document Signed ("Antonio de Mendoza"), 1 p, docketed to verso, 8vo (207 x 311 mm), 1542, in Spanish, being a legal decision handed down by the first Audiencia Real in the case of Hernan Cortes against Pedro de Castilleja, accused of stealing from his mines, paper watermarked with hand/flower symbol, some chipping along bottom edge.

A PLEITO SIGNED BY ANTONIO DE MENDOZA, AS THE FIRST VICEROY OF MEXICO, IN THE CASE OF HERNAN CORTES AGAINST AN ADMINISTRATOR OF HIS MINES ACCUSED OF STEALING. Hernan Cortes, the famed Conquistador, was appointed the governor of New Spain in 1524. However, in 1528, King Charles, fearing Cortes's independence from the crown, created the Audiencia Real, intended to provide another layer of governance, and to oversee Cortes. In 1530, Cortes was given the title of El Marques del Valle along with multiple encomiendas, and then appointed Antonio de Mendoza as Viceroy of New Spain in 1535, when Cortes focused on managing his many business interests including mining. Mendoza was born in Granada in about 1490. He was "the first and probably the most able viceroy of New Spain, who ruled the conquered Mexican territory with justice, efficiency, and a degree of compassion and established policies that endured until the colonies gained their independence. (Winsor II:542). Mendoza's success in large part lay in his ability to manage this complex relationship with Cortes. Documents signed by Mendoza are rare, and this one deciding in favor of the complainant Cortes, even more so.
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