TERASAKI HIDENARI. 1900-1951. Autograph Manuscript in Japanese, Diaries Covering Japan Under the American Occupation, two volumes, 336 leaves in total, August 15, 1945-February 15, 1948;
Lot 1255
TERASAKI HIDENARI. 1900-1951.
Autograph Manuscript in Japanese, Diaries Covering Japan Under the American Occupation, two volumes, 336 leaves in total, August 15, 1945-February 15, 1948;
US$ 10,000 - 15,000
£ 7,500 - 11,000

Voices of the 20th Century

6 Dec 2017, 13:00 EST

New York

Lot Details
TERASAKI HIDENARI. 1900-1951. Autograph Manuscript in Japanese, Diaries Covering Japan Under the American Occupation, two volumes, 336 leaves in total, August 15, 1945-February 15, 1948; TERASAKI HIDENARI. 1900-1951. Autograph Manuscript in Japanese, Diaries Covering Japan Under the American Occupation, two volumes, 336 leaves in total, August 15, 1945-February 15, 1948; TERASAKI HIDENARI. 1900-1951. Autograph Manuscript in Japanese, Diaries Covering Japan Under the American Occupation, two volumes, 336 leaves in total, August 15, 1945-February 15, 1948; TERASAKI HIDENARI. 1900-1951. Autograph Manuscript in Japanese, Diaries Covering Japan Under the American Occupation, two volumes, 336 leaves in total, August 15, 1945-February 15, 1948; TERASAKI HIDENARI. 1900-1951. Autograph Manuscript in Japanese, Diaries Covering Japan Under the American Occupation, two volumes, 336 leaves in total, August 15, 1945-February 15, 1948; TERASAKI HIDENARI. 1900-1951. Autograph Manuscript in Japanese, Diaries Covering Japan Under the American Occupation, two volumes, 336 leaves in total, August 15, 1945-February 15, 1948;
TERASAKI HIDENARI. 1900-1951.
Autograph Manuscript in Japanese, Diaries Covering Japan Under the American Occupation, two volumes, 336 leaves in total, August 15, 1945-February 15, 1948; volume 1, 143 leaves written recto and verso, in black ink throughout, opening with a quotation from Kaishu Zadan, a memoir by the famous statesman and naval engineer Katsu Kaishu (1823-1899) comparing human life to crossing the ocean on a great ship, the diary itself opening with a resolution to quit smoking and going on to report the Emperor's famous speech announcing Japan's surrender, illustrated with 4 pen-and-ink landscape sketches and including two Chinese poems by Saigo Takamori (1828-1877), leader of the failed Satsuma rebellion against the Meiji government; volume 2, 193 leaves written mostly on both sides of the paper except for a section in the middle, in black and blue ink and pencil, in various sections, some phrases censored in black, concluding with a sashimi feast and an unsuccessful game of poker, 4 leaves at the end with names and addresses of contacts. Original black and brown cloth, volume one worn with some gatherings detached or pages loose, spine torn with loss.
Provenance: Hidenari Terasaki, by descent.

A fascinating and detailed account of relations between the Imperial Palace and the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers during a critical phase of the American occupation of Japan, this original manuscript for the Diaries contains many passages, not transcribed in the 1991 edition published by Bungei Shunju, that throw light on Terasaki's personal privations, intellectual formation, and divided loyalties.

Terasaki, the transcriber of Emperor Hirohito's Dokuhakuroku (see previous lot), was an elite Japanese diplomat who played a pivotal role in relations between his country and the United States, first in 1941, and again in 1946. In 1931 Terasaki married Gwen, an American from Tennessee, and following postings in Shanghai, Havana, and Beijing, in 1941 was appointed head of Western Intelligence and transferred to Washington where, despite his position, he is thought to have tried to make a desperate failed attempt to have a cable sent directly from President Roosevelt to the Emperor, appealing for peace. After Pearl Harbor, his family were interned and then repatriated to Japan in 1942. He moved away from diplomatic life, living in a mountain village, but after Japan's unconditional surrender Terasaki was recalled to Tokyo, and with his experience, became the liaison between Emperor Hirohito and General MacArthur. He was one of the officials present during the Emperor's monologues (lot 1261) and his diaries are filled with events in the years 1945-48 such as appointments with George Atcheson, MacArthur's political advisor, and other American personnel, but they also include his favorite poems and news of everyday life. Terasaki and Gwen became a useful bridge between the two sides in these opening years of American occupation and they were visited by many of the senior American officers. Terasaki retired from his post in 1948 for health reasons, his wife and daughter returned to the US the following year, and he died in 1951. The story of the life of the Terasaki family was told in the 1961 movie "Bridge to the Sun," based on Gwen's biography of the same name.

Transcription published: Terasaki Hidenari 寺崎英成 and Mariko Terasaki Miller, Showa Tenno Dokuhakuroku, Terasaki Hidenari Goyogakari Nikki 昭和天皇独白録 寺崎英成御用掛日記 (The Emperor's Monologue and the Official Diary of Terasaki Hidenari), Tokyo, Bungei Shunju, 1991.
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