A Meissen tureen stand from the service for Clemens August, Elector of Cologne, circa 1741-42

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Lot 195
A Meissen tureen stand from the service for Clemens August, Elector of Cologne, circa 1741-42

Sold for £ 40,000 (US$ 52,545) inc. premium
A Meissen tureen stand from the service for Clemens August, Elector of Cologne, circa 1741-42
Modelled by J.F. Eberlein, of lobed oval form applied with gilt-edged cornucopia handles and further flowers, the gilt-edged, lobed rim moulded with gilt shells, painted with the entwined monogram 'CA' surmounted by an Elector's crown and hung with the cross of the Deutsche Orden, and scattered flowers (Holzschnittblumen) and insects, 33.8cm across, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue, impressed numeral 27 (tiny chips)

Footnotes

  • This may be the stand for the small tureen and cover from the service in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg (published by Rainer Rückert, Meissener Porzellan 1710-1810 (1966), no. 460).

    Clemens August of Bavaria (1700-1761), Elector and Archbishop of Cologne, Prince Bishop of Münster, Paderborn, Hildesheim and Osnabrück, and Grand Master of the Deutsche Orden was a collector of both Oriental and Meissen porcelain and placed a number of commissions at the Meissen factory.

    This table service was commissioned in 1741. It is notable that it demonstrates the importance Clemens August attached to his role as Grand Master of the Deutsche Orden (see Dieter Hoffmeister, Meissner Porzellan des 18. Jahrhunderts - Katalog der Sammlung Hoffmeister (1999), vol. II, p. 586), which was founded by the Staufen Emperor in 1198 in connection with the crusades, and reached the height of its power and wealth in the 14th century. By the 18th century, the order had little political influence, though it owned a large amount of property in the German states, which guaranteed its Grand Master a considerable income.

    The earliest mentions of the service (of dishes and plates) are in Kaendler's and Eberlein's work records of August to October 1741 (quoted by Rückert - see above). Eberlein's work records for May 1742 record "1 ovale Einsetz-Schaale zum Chur-Cöllnischen Service", "1 Henkel von 2 Cornu copial zu deren Einsetz-Schaalen", as well as the corcuncopa handle and bear's paw feet for the small oval tureen from the service.

    For discussions of Clemens August as porcelain collector, see Erich Köllmann, Kurfürst Clemens August von Köln. Ein Porzellansammler des 18. Jahrhunderts in Keramos, 13 (1961), pp.19-34. See also Kurfürst Clemens August. Landesherr und Mäzen des 18. Jahrhunderts, exhibition catalogue, Schloß Augustusburg zu Brühl, 1961. For other pieces from the same service, see M. Köhler, Porcelain and Diplomacy at the courts of Hanover and Cologne, in M. Cassidy-Geiger (ed.), Fragile Diplomacy (2007), pp. 202-204, who argues that Clemens August probably commissioned the service and specified elements of the decoration, which alluded to the place where it was possibly to be used. A dish from the service from the Hoffmeister Collection was sold in these Rooms, 24 November 2010, lot 67, and a plate was sold on 26 November 2014, lot 179.
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