An Egyptian limestone talatat relief fragment with cartouches of the Pharaoh Akhenaten

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Lot 27*
An Egyptian limestone talatat relief fragment with cartouches of the Pharaoh Akhenaten

£ 60,000 - 90,000
US$ 73,000 - 110,000
An Egyptian limestone talatat relief fragment with cartouches of the Pharaoh Akhenaten
New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, Reign of Akhenaten, Circa 1351-1334 B.C.
Carved in sunken relief with royal cartouches, on the left the Throne name of Akhenaten 'Nefer-kheperu-Re Wa-en-Re' (Beautiful are the Forms of Re, the One of Re), in the centre the new name of the king, 'Akhen Aten' (The one beneficial to the Aten), on the right a fragment of inscription probably referring to Nefertiti reading 'his...[probably beloved]...of the king', 24.6cm x 53.5cm

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    Hermopolis, El Ashmunein, Egypt.
    Private collection, US, acquired prior to 1969.
    Private collection, Principality of Liechtenstein.

    Published:
    G. Roeder, Amarna-Reliefs aus Hermopolis. Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Hermopolis-Expedition in Hermopolis 1929-1939, Band II, Hildesheim, 1969, PC 187, pl.197.

    Between 1929 and 1939 the German archaeological expedition in Hermopolis unearthed more than 1200 Amarna-period talatat blocks. Dating from the reign of Akhenaten, they were originally made for the temples of Tell el-Amarna and later re-used as construction material in buildings of Ramesses II in the downriver town of Hermopolis. When publishing the reliefs in 1969, Roeder found around 300 additional talatat fragments in American private collections that were added to the main corpus, this relief being one of them.

    The reign of Akhenaten marks an important break in Egyptian history as the pharaoh introduced a radical programme of religious and artistic reformation. At the death of his father Amenhotep III, he changed his name to Akhenaten and moved the capital to the new city of Akhetaten, modern Tell el-Amarna. He ruled from there together with his wife, Queen Nefertiti. The aim of his reform was to substitute the traditional polytheism for a new monotheistic cult centred around the deified sun disc, Aten. For further, see R. E. Freed, Y. J. Markowitz and S. H. D'Auria, Pharaohs of the Sun. Akhenaten, Nefertiti, Tutankhamen, London, 1999, pp.17-28.

    This relief reflects the new ideas introduced by Akhenaten by presenting his new name, which included the name of the new god Aten, together with a probable reference to his queen Nefertiti. The talatat-stone format was itself an innovation introduced by Akhenaten, probably in order to speed his construction works. It was a standardised stone measuring 52 by 26 by 24 centimetres, small enough for a single worker to carry.
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