A fine pair of Imperial spinach-green jade double-carved circular table screens Qianlong/Jiaqing  (5)

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Lot 108
A fine pair of Imperial spinach-green jade double-carved circular table screens
Qianlong/Jiaqing

Sold for HK$ 1,312,500 (US$ 167,202) inc. premium
A fine pair of Imperial spinach-green jade double-carved circular table screens
Qianlong/Jiaqing
Well carved in high relief on both sides featuring lush steep mountainous landscapes with pine, cypress, wutong and plantain trees, lingzhi and shrubs, all amidst multi-layered rockwork and outcrops, with steps, streams and waterfalls, all below clouds; one screen carved to the front with Shoulao, the God of Longevity, standing in front of a pavilion above two young attendants carrying a hanging chime, qing, the reverse with a crane perched on rockwork and biting on a lingzhi; the second screen decorated with a scholar and two attendants carrying lotus stems below a pagoda, the reverse with a stag and doe grazing with one feeding on lingzhi, the stone of attractive darker and lighter spinach-green tones, wood stands and fitted box. Each 20.6cm (8 1/8in) diam. (5).

Footnotes

  • 清乾隆/嘉慶 碧玉雙面雕鹿鶴同春插屏一對

    Published and Illustrated:
    Jade: Ch'ing Dynasty Treasures, Taipei, 1997, pp.66-69 and 272, no.20.

    Exhibited:
    The Bowers Museum of Cultural Art, Santa Ana, California, Jade: Ch'ing Dynasty Treasures from the National Museum of History, Taiwan, 7 September 1997 - 1 March 1998
    The Houston Museum of Natural Science, Houston, Texas, Jade: Ch'ing Dynasty Treasures from the National Museum of History, Taiwan, 3 April - 7 September 1998
    National Geographic Society Museum Explorer Hall, Washington D.C., 8 October 1998 - 3 January 1999

    出版:
    《清代玉雕之美》,國立歷史博物館,台北,1997年,頁66-69,編號20

    展覽:
    美國加州寶爾博物館,1997年9月7日至1998年3月1日
    德州休士頓自然科學博物館,1998年4月3日至9月7日
    華盛頓國際地理協會探險家博物館,1998年10月8日至1999年1月3日

    The exceptional table screens would have formed part of the paraphernalia on a scholar's desk, with the vast multi-layered mountainous landscape alluding to the idealised scholar's retreat. The auspicious subject matter conveys wishes of longevity, represented by the crane, deer and lingzhi, as well as the sage, who may be identified as Shoulao, the God of Longevity. Compare a related pair of white jade circular screens, Qing dynasty, from the Qing Court collection, carved on the front of each screen with a sage, possibly representing Shoulao, and attendants in a mountainous landscape, the reverse with a crane and deer, illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum: Jadeware (II), Shanghai, 2008, pl.61. The stag and doe symbolise the wish for marital bliss, and when combined with the lingzhi, could be interpreted to wish continuity and longevity. The musical stone carried by the attendants relates to the sets of jade chimes used in the Grand Sacrifices of state rituals performed at the Altar of Heaven and the Altar of Land and Grain, underpinning the legitimacy of the dynasty and establishing the emperor as the single intermediary between Heaven and Earth. The auspicious wishes of longevity and continuity represented in the present lot can be therefore construed not only as a personal wish to be bestowed on the owner of the screens but also on the dynasty.

    The Qianlong emperor advocated that jade mountains and carved panels should carry the spirit of paintings by famous past masters. It is recorded that a number of classical paintings from the emperor's own collection was ordered to be reproduced in jade such as the well-known painting entitled Travellers in the Mountain, by the painter Guan Tong of the Five Dynasties (907-960 AD). In one of the emperor's poems, as discussed in an essay by Yang Boda, Arts of Asia, 'Jade: Emperor Ch'ien Lung's Collection in the Palace Museum, Peking', March-April 1992, the emperor noted in reference to a jade panel:

    'This piece of precious jade slab is from Khotan. It is unsuitable for making vessels such as the dragon hu and animal Lei. In order to fully utilise it, it is carved into a panel with the scene of "A Riverside City on a Spring Morning". Imagination is exerted to turn the natural undulation or ruggedness into an appropriate landscape... It takes ten days to carve a tiny bit of water and five days to shape a piece of rock. The crafting is indeed very time-consuming.'

    See a related spinach-green jade double-sided circular screen, Qianlong, decorated with Shoulao greeting Xiwangmu, the reverse similarly carved with a stag and doe, which was sold in these rooms, 4 December 2008, lot 204; compare also a pair of white jade circular screens, Qianlong, with related subject matter of sages, attendant striking a musical stone, and cranes, which was sold at Christie's Hong Kong, 27 November 2007, lot 1511.

    碧玉玉質,含黑色斑點。屏圓形。一屏正面雕山陰松亭,一老者手持桃枝,兩童子手持仙果而來,背面雕松柏雙鹿圖;另一屏正面雕山間棧道,一老人策杖庭前等候,兩童子挑磬而來,背面則雕仙鶴靈芝。

    此對碧玉圓屏一面以仙山祝壽為主題,另一面則分別雕柏樹靈鹿及松柏仙鶴,分別寓意「百齡食祿」及「松鶴延年」,成對又有「鹿鶴同春」之意,雕工細緻,清新雅緻,有長壽之意,為當時宮廷文房陳設玉器。以此主題雕刻並成對者為數不多,見北京故宮博物院清宮舊藏一對白玉雕鶴鹿人物插屏,著錄於《故宮博物院藏文物珍品大系:玉器(下)》,上海,2008年,頁88-89,編號61。

    乾隆皇帝對於玉雕插屏及山子等雕刻強調「畫意」,不論宮廷造辦處或蘇、揚玉作,製作玉器皆首重選料及畫樣。畫意玉器的稿樣,通常取自內府收藏之名家古畫,如關仝(907-960)之《關山行旅圖》等雕刻於玉器上,並一如畫作,在玉器留白處作御題詩。

    香港邦瀚斯曾售出一件清乾隆碧玉雕王母賀壽圖插屏,背面亦雕松柏雙鹿,2008年12月4日,拍品204;另見香港佳士得曾售出一對清乾隆白玉雕仙山祝壽圖插屏,其紋飾佈局與此對插屏類似,2007年11月27日,拍品1511。
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A fine pair of Imperial spinach-green jade double-carved circular table screens Qianlong/Jiaqing  (5)
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