The Small Army Army Gold Medal group of three to Lieutenant General P.Anderson, Colonel of the 78th Highlanders,

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Lot 256
The Small Army Army Gold Medal group of three to Lieutenant General P.Anderson, Colonel of the 78th Highlanders,

Sold for £ 34,800 (US$ 47,642) inc. premium
The Small Army Army Gold Medal group of three to Lieutenant General P.Anderson, Colonel of the 78th Highlanders,
Small Army Gold medal, reverse Corunna, engraved (Lt Coll Paul Anderson, Acting Dy Adjt. Genl.); Sultan's Medal for Egypt 1801, gold, 42mm.; Military General Service 1793-1814, one bar, Egypt (Paul Anderson, K.C. Capt & A.D.C.). Together with the Sultan's Medal for Egypt 1801, gold, 36mm, with paper label to Henry Anderson RN. Slight wear to the second, otherwise extremely fine. (4)


  • C.B. London Gazette 4.6.1815.

    Lieutenant 31.3.1791; Captain 1.7.1795; Major 25.6.1801; Lieutenant Colonel 17.10.1805; Colonel 4.6.1813; Major-General 12.8.1819; Lieutenant General 10.1.1837; Colonel of the 78th Highlanders 9.2.1837.

    Major General Anderson was appointed Ensign in the 51st Foot on the 31st March 1788 and to Lieutenant on the 31st March 1791. In 1792 he went to Gibraltar and after staying there for two years he embarked for Toulon. He then went to Corsica, and was present at the storming of Convention redoubts, Mozelle Fort, and the siege of Calvi. On the 1st of July 1795 he was promoted to a company in the 4th West India Regiment. He was appointed Brigade Major to Sir J.Moore in the West Indies, and employed in the storming of Morne Chapot in St.Lucia, where he received a severe contusion in the side. He also was at the taking of Morne Fortunee, in repulsing the enemy's sortie, and in the final reduction of that place. He was employed during the whole of the brigand war in that island under Sir J.Moore. He served in Ireland during the rebellion, and was present at the battle of Foukes Hill and the retaking of Wexford. He was appointed Aide-de-Camp to Sir J.Moore in the expedition to Holland, and was present at the first landing, and in the battles of the 10th of September and 2nd October.
    He also served as Aide-de-Camp to Sir J.Moore on the expedition to Egypt, and was present at the first landing, and in the battles of the 13th and 21st March. In the latter he received a shot in his right arm, which deprived him of full use of it, and obliged him to return home. On the 25th May 1796, he was removed from the 4th West India Regiment to a company in the 31st Foot; on the 25th June 1801 he was promoted to a Majority in the 9th Foot, and on the 17th October 1805 obtained a Lieutenant-Colonelcy in the Nova Scotia Fencibles, from which he was removed to the 60th Foot on the 14th January 1808. He accompanied Sir J.Moore to Sicily in 1806 as Assistant Adjutant-General; and was appointed Deputy Adjutant-General to the army destined for Sweden; Assistant Adjutant-General to Sir J.Moore's division in Portugal; and Deputy Adjutant-General on Sir J.Moore being appointed Commander-in-Chief; and Commandant at head-quarters, in which situation he remained till the battle of Corunna. He next served as Assistant Adjutant-General to General Graham's division in the expedition to Walcheren, and was at the siege of Flushing. He served at Malta as Deputy Adjutant-General. He received the brevet of Colonel on the 4th June 1813, and Major-General on the 12th August 1819. He then went on half-pay on the 60th Foot.

    He was for twenty one years the friend and companion in arms of Sir John Moore, on the morning after the death of the General, he wrote the following account:

    "I met the General, in the evening of the 16th, bringing in a blanket and sashes. He knew me immediately, though it was almost dark, squeezed me by the hand, and said, 'Anderson, don't leave me.' He spoke to the surgeons on their examining his wound, but was in such pain he could say little. After some time, he seemed very anxious to speak to me, and at intervals got out as follows: 'Anderson, you know that I have always wished to die this way.' He then asked, 'Are the French beaten?' which he repeated to every one he knew, as they came in. 'I hope the people of England will be satisfied!- I hope my country will do me justice!-Anderson, you will see my friends as soon as you can; tell them -every thing. -Say to my mother'- here his voice quite failed, and he was excessively agitated.- 'Hope-Hope-I have much to say to him, but cannot get it out. Are Colonel Graham and all my Aides-de-Camp well?' (A private sign was made by Colonel Anderson not to inform him that Captain Burrard, one of his Aides-de-Camp, was wounded in the action.) 'I have made my will, and have remembered my servants. Colborne has my will- and all my papers.' Major Colborne then came into the room. He spoke most kindly to him, and then said to me. 'Anderson, remember you go to - and tell him it is my request, and that I expect he will give Major Colborne a Lieutenant-Colonelcy. He has been long with me, and I know him most worthy of it.' He then asked Major Colborne, 'if the French were beaten ?' and, on being told they were, on every point, hje said, 'It's a great satisfaction for me to know we have beaten the French, Is Paget in the room?' On my telling him, no; he said, 'Remember me to him. It's General Paget I mean; he is a fine fellow. I feel myself so strong, I fear I shall be long dying.- It is great uneasiness- it is great pain.- Every thing Francois says is right; I have the greatest confidence in him.' He thanked the surgeons for their trouble. Captains Percy and Stanhope, two of his Aides-de-Camp, then came into the room. He spoke kindly to both, and asked Percy 'if all his Aides-de-Camp were well?' After some interval he said, 'Stanhope, remember me to your sister.' He pressed my hand close to his body, and in a few minutes died without a struggle. This was every syllable he uttered, as far as I can recollect, except asking occasionally to be placed in an easier posture.

    (Signed) "P.Anderson, Lieutenant-Colonel."

    Lieutenant General Anderson died on the 12th December 1851.

    A Lieutenant Henry Anderson was promoted to Lieutenant in June 1792, he appears in the Navy List of August 1800 but not later.
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