A rare Imperial champlevé and cloisonné enamel gilt-bronze archaistic three-piece altar set Qianlong (4)

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Lot 53
A rare Imperial champlevé and cloisonné enamel gilt-bronze archaistic three-piece altar set
Qianlong

Sold for HK$ 312,500 (US$ 40,236) inc. premium
A rare Imperial champlevé and cloisonné enamel gilt-bronze archaistic three-piece altar set
Qianlong
The tripod incense burner, ding, raised on three bulbous feet, each issuing from the jaw of a qilin, elaborately decorated in champlevé around the globular body, with bands of archaistic scrolls above a band of pendent leaves and below a band of gilt archaistic dragons in relief at the mouth rim, the shoulders flanked by a pair of curved handles rising from upturned mythical beast heads, the pierced cover decorated in cloisonné enamel with stylised lotus sprays surmounted with a reticulated knop of floral sprays; together with a pair of gu vases, each with a compressed globular mid-section decorated with colourful archaic scrolls, rising to a wide flaring neck, cast with four vertical rows of notched flanges within concentric slender leaf lappets and key-fret bands in vivid yellow, dark blue, pink and turquoise enamels, with a circular cover with four apertures on a ground of leafy floral motifs.
Ding with cover: 27cm (10 5/8in) high; each gu: 25.7cm (10 1/8in) high (4).

Footnotes

  • 清乾隆 銅鎏金鏨胎琺瑯貢器一組(鼎式爐一件、花觚一對)

    Champlevé enamel and cloisonné enamel are two separate techniques that are used for applying enamel on metal objects. In the former, hollows or grooves are created in the surface of the object and are then infilled with enamel paste. For the latter, enamel is infilled in areas partitioned by soldered wires. The rare combination of these two techniques used on a single piece, such as on the present tripod incense burner, would have been expensive and challenging to produce.

    This type of creative ingenuity of combining different techniques and the successful execution of this, reflects the manner in which the arts flourished under the Qianlong emperor's reign during the 18th century. The present garniture is a particularly fine example of the depth of the enamels and the solidity of construction, characteristic of 18th century imperial wares.

    Compare a similar cloisonné enamel incense burner and cover, mid-Qing dynasty, illustrated in Compendium of Collections in the Palace Museum: Enamels 3, Beijing, 2011, pl.171. See also a related gilt-decorated cloisonné and champlevé enamel ritual vessel, jia, Qianlong, illustrated in Views of Antiquity in the Qing Imperial Palace. Special Catalogue to Celebrate the 80th Anniversary of the Establishment of the Palace Museum, Macao, 2005, pl.25.

    A related rare imperial champlevé and gilt-bronze archaistic vase, hu, Qianlong, sold at Christie's Hong Kong, 29 May 2013, lot 2068. A single similar cloisonné and champlevé enamel tripod incense burner and cover, 18th century, sold in our London rooms, 12 May 2011, lot 439.

    鏨胎琺瑯又稱內填琺瑯,其工藝與掐絲琺瑯稍有不同。前者主要是使用鏨刻、敲壓等技法製作紋樣,再於紋飾下凹處施琺瑯,後者使用起線掐絲製作紋樣。此組貢器集兩種工藝於一身,其藝術成就更為難得。

    北京故宮博物院藏一件清中期的掐絲琺瑯獸面紋朝冠耳熏爐,其造型和紋飾與本器幾乎相同,參見《故宮博物院藏品大系:琺瑯器篇3》,北京及安徽,2011年,頁206,編號171;故宮另藏一清乾隆掐絲琺瑯倣古饕餮紋出戟斝,其裝飾手法可資比較,見《邃古來今:慶祝故宮博物院建院八十周年清宮倣古文物精品特集》,澳門,2005年,頁104-105,編號25。另見香港佳士得售出一例清乾隆鏨胎琺瑯壺,2013年5月29日,編號2068。倫敦邦瀚斯曾售出一件十八世紀之鏨胎琺瑯鼎式爐,2011年5月12日,編號439。
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A rare Imperial champlevé and cloisonné enamel gilt-bronze archaistic three-piece altar set Qianlong (4)
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