A rare Imperial cloisonné enamel 'eight Buddhist emblems' alms bowl Enamelled Qianlong four-character mark and of the period

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Lot 5
A rare Imperial cloisonné enamel 'eight Buddhist emblems' alms bowl
Enamelled Qianlong four-character mark and of the period

Sold for HK$ 937,500 (US$ 120,524) inc. premium
The Property of a European family 歐洲家族藏品
A rare Imperial cloisonné enamel 'eight Buddhist emblems' alms bowl
Enamelled Qianlong four-character mark and of the period
The compressed globular body finely cast with rounded bulging shoulders below a slightly incurved lipped mouth rim, the exterior vibrantly enamelled in red, yellow, blue, green and white with the Eight Buddhist Emblems scattered amidst leafy tendrils issuing from blossoming lotus, between crashing waves and a ruyi-head band, all on a rich turquoise ground.
14.7cm (5 3/4in) diam.

Footnotes

  • 清乾隆 御製銅胎掐絲琺瑯纏枝蓮八吉祥紋缽
    掐絲填琺瑯「乾隆年製」楷書款

    Provenance 來源:
    A European private collection, acquired between 1960-70, and thence by descent

    歐洲私人收藏,蒐於1960至1970年期間,後由其家族繼承

    This remarkable cloisonné enamel alms bowl, bears the Qianlong reign mark and would have been specially commissioned for Buddhist rituals in the Qing court or as a gift to a Buddhist temple favoured by the emperor. Compare two Qianlong mark and period cloisonné enamel alms bowls of larger (15.8cm mouth diam.) and smaller (5.7cm mouth diam.) sizes, also decorated with the bajixiang motifs, illustrated in Compendium of Collections in the Palace Museum: Enamels 2, Cloisonné in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), Beijing, 2011, pls.260 and 261; for another larger example (30.2cm diam.) see The Prime Cultural Relics Collected By Shenyang Imperial Palace Museum: The Enamel Volume, Liaoning, 2007, pl.1.

    The Imperial Qianlong enamelled mark on the present lot is rare in comparison to the more commonly found incised mark on a gilt-bronze ground. In style, it is a continuation of the Ming enamelled marks which can be seen on Wanli cloisonné enamel wares, see Compendium of Collections in the Palace Museum: Enamels 1, Cloisonné in the Yuan (1271-1368) and Ming (1368-1644) Dynasties, Beijing, 2011, pls.100-106. For similar examples of Qianlong enamelled marks, see Compendium of Collections in the Palace Museum: Enamels 2, Cloisonné in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), pls.209-210.

    此缽碗圓口內斂,鼓腹,斂底,口沿突起鎏金。通體施掐絲琺瑯工藝,以松石綠琺瑯釉為地,外壁肩部以深藍、淺藍、黃、粉紅、紅、白琺瑯釉飾八吉祥圖案一周,包括法螺、蓮花、寶瓶、雙魚、寶傘、法輪、白蓋和盤腸,下承纏枝蓮紋,口沿邊飾如意頭紋,缽底以深藍、淺藍、黃、紅色飾荷葉紋,荷葉中心為「乾隆年製」四字二行楷書款。此器造型端莊優美,比例均稱,紋飾生動,釉色純正,色彩豐富絢麗,工藝精細繁複,器型雖不大卻低調地體現出皇家富麗堂皇的氣派,為乾隆時期的佳作。

    缽上所飾的八吉祥紋為藏傳佛教象徵吉祥的八件寶物,為清代常見題材。乾隆時期,琺瑯器的製作出現了新的繁榮景象,掐絲琺瑯工藝技術已發展到控制自如、爐火純青的階段。而同一時期,滿人掌握了對西藏和蒙古的統治權,乾隆帝推崇藏傳佛教,也在宮中進行佛教禮儀,利用佛教來鞏固自己的統治,從而生產了大量與佛教相關的器物,如佛像、佛塔、五供,以及類似於本器的缽碗。本器應原供於宮內佛堂或為清代舉辦佛事活動和佛教儀式時所用的器物,傳世品不多,值得收藏。

    這類佛教缽碗除了以掐絲琺瑯工藝製作以外,亦見於其他材料上,如瓷器、玉器、銅器等,尺寸不等。北京故宮博物院藏兩件清乾隆掐絲琺瑯缽碗可資比較,兩件口徑分別為15.8厘米和5.7厘米,同樣飾有八吉祥圖案,見《故宮博物院藏品大系:琺瑯器編2·清掐絲琺瑯》,北京,2011年,圖版260及261。瀋陽故宮博物院亦藏一例,尺寸更大,為30.2厘米,見《瀋陽故宮博物院藏文物精粹:琺瑯卷》,遼寧,2007年,圖版1。乾隆時期的掐絲琺瑯缽形器常見以鎏金陽文或刻文施帝王年號款,類似於本器的掐絲款相信承明代萬曆時期遺風,非常少見,可參考《故宮博物院藏品大系:琺瑯器編1·元明掐絲琺瑯》,北京,2011年,圖版100-106;而乾隆掐絲款的例子可見《故宮博物院藏品大系:琺瑯器編2·清掐絲琺瑯》,圖案209-210。
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A rare Imperial cloisonné enamel 'eight Buddhist emblems' alms bowl Enamelled Qianlong four-character mark and of the period
A rare Imperial cloisonné enamel 'eight Buddhist emblems' alms bowl Enamelled Qianlong four-character mark and of the period
A rare Imperial cloisonné enamel 'eight Buddhist emblems' alms bowl Enamelled Qianlong four-character mark and of the period
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