1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786

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Lot 39
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE PHANTOM I TOWN CAR

DKK 950,000 - 1,250,000
US$ 130,000 - 170,000
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE PHANTOM I TOWN CAR
Coachwork by Brewster

Chassis no. S178PM
Engine no. 21786

7,668 cc OHV Inline 6-cylinder Engine
Single Rolls-Royce Carburetor
113 bhp at 2,300 rpm
3-Speed Manual Transmission
4-Wheel Leaf Spring Suspension
4-Wheel Drum Brakes


*Luxurious Brewster St. Stephen Towncar
*Extensively restored in Europe some years ago
*Beautifully presented inside and out
*Offered with Rolls-Royce factory records
*Superior example of late 1920s formal coachwork



THE ROLLS-ROYCE PHANTOM

Rolls-Royce's "single model" policy had proved an outstanding success for the company, but immediately after the end of The Great War, the recession in the motor trade prompted the introduction of a smaller, cheaper 20HP car to be built alongside the existing 40/50HP Silver Ghost. Henry Royce's new design incorporated a number of modern features such as overhead valve-gear for its 6-cylinder engine, a centre-change gearbox and "Hotchkiss drive" rear axle, so the arrival of the advanced newcomer only served to emphasise the Silver Ghost's Edwardian origins. However, while replacing the elegant but ageing Silver Ghost chassis was no easy task for Rolls-Royce, the big 40/50HP model would soon benefit from developments pioneered on its smaller sibling.

The new model which debuted in 1925 was a more than worthy successor. Later named the Phantom I, the new model took Rolls-Royce into the modern mid-twenties era of motoring. The chassis of the Silver Ghost was improved, but not in any revolutionary manner. The design philosophy of the marque remained careful evolution rather than revolutionary gadgetry.

In total, the revisions demanded a new model name, and the revised chassis was dubbed the New Phantom by the factory, which was later changed to the Phantom I. The biggest innovation was a new inline 7,668 cc 6-cylinder engine with an aluminium crankcase and the cylinders cast in three pairs of two. The one-piece, detachable cylinder head featured pushrod-actuated overhead-valves for much improved breathing compared to the old Silver Ghost power plant.

New Phantom production began at Derby, England in 1925 and the following year in the Springfield, Massachusetts plant, owned by Rolls-Royce. The US-built cars featured left-hand drive and two wheelbase lengths, of 143.5 and 146.5 inches respectively. Prior to the crash in 1929, production reached twelve chassis per week, a number that fell abruptly when the Great Depression affected even the very wealthy. By the time Phantom I production ended in 1931 at Springfield, about 1,240 Phantom I chassis had been built.

Prominent coachbuilders flocked to body this luxurious chassis, but unlike its British-built counterpart, the American product could be ordered with "factory" bodywork, usually by Brewster, the latter company having been taken over by Rolls-Royce in December 1925. As well as manufacturing coachwork of the highest quality, Brewster had built its own automobiles from 1915 up to the time of its acquisition by Rolls-Royce, re-emerging as an automaker in its own right, using Ford chassis, when US Phantom production finally ceased in 1934, and the company became part of the reconstituted Springfield Manufacturing Corporation. For the Phantom I, Brewster provided no less than 28 individual styles for the discerning customer, including sedans, limousines, towncars, touring cars and roadsters.


THE MOTOR CAR OFFERED

Chassis S178PM was delivered to its first owner, an E.J. Dunn of Elmira New York on 27 January 1927. It was fitted with an imposing Brewster towncar body, which the chassis carries to this day. The particular style was called St. Stephen, and the number of the body was B5057.

The total weight of the coachwork and chassis, fully equipped and ready for the road was 5,700 pounds. This could come as no surprise as the customer received a seven passenger convertible body with a de Ville front that could be used fully enclosed or in towncar configuration. The comprehensive list of equipment included two forward-facing jump seats with armrests and spring cushions that folded into the sliding glass division. In addition, the rear compartment featured full trim, luxurious upholstery and footrests, to ensure the comfort of the chauffeur-driven owner en-route to his business appointments or an evening at the theatre. An interesting part of the specification includes special sprung bumpers, a good half-century ahead of their time.

S178PM was given a total restoration in Europe some years ago, including the replacement of much of the wood. The car has seen little use and presents extremely well with black leather to the chauffeur's compartment and discrete grey cloth in the rear. The top is a super fit and can be utilized in all the original configurations. A comprehensive photographic record of the restoration comes with the car, as well as Rolls-Royce factory documentation. S178PM is a superior example of late 1920s formal coachwork and will stand proud in any important collection.


BILEN DER TILBYDES

Chassis S178PM blev leveret til den første ejer i New York den 27. januar 1927. Bilen blev udstyret med et imponerende St. Stephen Towncar karosseri af Brewster, den amerikanske karosseribygger, som Rolls-Royce havde overtaget i december 1925. Bilen bærer dette karosseri den dag i dag. Karosseriet har nummer B5057.

Bilens totalvægt er imponerende 2.585 kg. Til gengæld får man en syvpersoners cabriolet med en såkaldt de Ville chaufførkabine, som kan bruges helt lukket eller delvist åben i towncar konfiguration. Udstyrslisten er lang og omfatter blandt andet to klapsæder med armlæn og tykke sædehynder, som vender i kørselsretningen og folder ind i adskillelsen som har skydeglas. Desuden er passagerkabinen udstyret med fuldt luksusindtræk og fodstøtter for at sikre passagerernes komfort. En interessant detalje er de affjedrede kofangere, som var mindst et halv århundrede forud for deres tid.

S178PM er blevet totalrestaureret i Europa for nogle år siden, hvilket også omfattede en stor del af træet i karrosseriet. Bilen er blevet brugt ganske lidt siden, og står i meget fin stand i dag. Et omfattende dossier med fotografisk dokumentation af restaureringen følger med bilen.

EU Taxes paid
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1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
1927 ROLLS-ROYCE  PHANTOM I TOWN CAR  Chassis no. S178PM Engine no. 21786
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