HIERONYMO DE CHAVES. 1523-1574.  Chronographia Reportorio de los Tiempos el mas copioso y preciso que hasta agora ha salido a luz. Compuesto por Hieronymo de Chaves Cosmographo de su Magestad y professor Real de Cosmographia en Sevilla. Seville: Juan Gutierrez, [1561].

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Lot 1
HIERONYMO DE CHAVES. 1523-1574.
Chronographia Reportorio de los Tiempos el mas copioso y preciso que hasta agora ha salido a luz. Compuesto por Hieronymo de Chaves Cosmographo de su Magestad y professor Real de Cosmographia en Sevilla. Seville: Juan Gutierrez, [1561].

US$ 5,000 - 8,000
£ 3,600 - 5,800
HIERONYMO DE CHAVES. 1523-1574.
Chronographia Reportorio de los Tiempos el mas copioso y preciso que hasta agora ha salido a luz. Compuesto por Hieronymo de Chaves Cosmographo de su Magestad y professor Real de Cosmographia en Sevilla. Seville: Juan Gutierrez, [1561].
4to (205 x 152 mm). 219 ff; +8 (-+8), a-z8, A-D8 E3 (-k6, -m3, -m6, -E1, -E2, and -E3, all supplied in facsimile; lacking final leaf of index, +8). Title page with woodcut portrait of the author within architectural border, 67 woodcut text illustrations including circular map of the New World on i4v, map of the Eastern hemisphere on i1v, a circular map of the elemental regions, 7 representations of the personification of the planets, 12 of the stars of the zodiac, 39 of various phases of both lunar and solar eclipses, and one full page illustration showing astrological influences on various parts of the body, woodcut chapter initials, several historiated. Contemporary vellum, title in manuscript to spine, re-cased with endpapers renewed, vellum soiled and stained; title soiled and re-margined with loss to woodcut borders; numerous leaves with marginal or other minor repairs.
Provenance: Mathematical notations in an early hand to verso of title; occasional marginalia in an early hand; incorrect inked date of 1560 to title in early hand.

Very rare fourth edition of one of the premier Spanish works on cosmology from the 16th century. Divided into four books, this richly illustrated treatise covers geography, astronomy, astrology, and chronology, and is of special interest for its American content. Chaves draws freely from the numerous traditions in vogue at the time, including the influence of the heavens on human anatomy and the many-tiered arrangement of a geocentric universe. Quoting ancient and medieval sources, Chaves does not neglect new discoveries such as that of the New World by Columbus, and includes a lovely map showing in some detail the Yucatan Peninsula, the isthmus of Panama, and the continents of North and South America. Also included are astronomical and navigational data pertaining to many of the cities of the New World, such as San Juan, Mexico, Quito, and many others. A splendid example of the eclectic interests and elaborate system of scholars during the Renaissance. The map of the Americas notably includes recent discoveries, such as the Gulf of California, while the text gives a brief description of these newly discovered lands. Included is a table of the latitude and longitude of major towns, 67 located in the New World. Chaves was the first Chair of Cosmography at the Casa de Contratacion, responsible for handling New World settlements and revenues. He was one of the first cartographers to publish a map of the New World which was printed by Ortelius (see Bagrow-Skelton History of Cartography p 237). Rare in all editions, and almost always encountered in poor condition. Adams C-1422; Palau 67452; Shirley 86A.
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HIERONYMO DE CHAVES. 1523-1574.  Chronographia Reportorio de los Tiempos el mas copioso y preciso que hasta agora ha salido a luz. Compuesto por Hieronymo de Chaves Cosmographo de su Magestad y professor Real de Cosmographia en Sevilla. Seville: Juan Gutierrez, [1561].
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