A rare white jade double-sided screen Qianlong 23.5cm x 17cm (9 1/4in x 6 3/4in) 2

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Lot 41
A rare white jade double-sided screen Qianlong
23.5cm x 17cm (9 1/4in x 6 3/4in) 2

Sold for HK$ 1,240,000 (US$ 158,428) inc. premium
A rare white jade double-sided screen
Skilfully carved in varying relief depicting two sages walking towards a pavilion, accompanied by an attendant holding a banner inscribed with the character xi, all set within a mountainous landscape detailed with pine and wutong trees and a fast-flowing stream, the reverse carved with a stag and a doe in a similar setting, the attractive stone of an even white tone, wood stand.
2

Footnotes

  • 清乾隆 白玉雙面雕仙人祝壽圖硯屏

    Provenance 來源:
    An English private collection, by repute acquired from John Sparks Ltd., London, circa 1960-70s
    英國私人收藏,傳於1960-70年代購於倫敦古董商John Sparks

    The Qianlong emperor's appreciation of jade landscape screens is demonstrated in one of his poems, as discussed in an essay by Yang Boda, 'Jade: Emperor Ch'ien Lung's Collection in the Palace Museum, Peking', Arts of Asia, March-April 1992, which may be translated as follows:

    'This piece of precious jade slab is from Khotan. It is unsuitable for making vessels such as the dragon hu and animal lei. In order to fully utilise it, it is carved into a panel with the scene of "A Riverside City on a Spring Morning". Imagination is exerted to turn the natural undulation or ruggedness into an appropriate landscape... It takes ten days to carve with a tiny bit of water and five days to shape a piece of rock. The crafting is indeed very time-consuming.'

    In utilising jade for screens, the master carvers turned this prized medium into a pictorial canvas. The opulence of the jade screen is particularly noteworthy considering the quality of the white jade stone.

    See a related pale green jade screen, Qing dynasty, carved with three sages in a similar landscape scene with a lone pagoda, from the National Palace Museum, Taipei, illustrated by Chang Li-tuan, The Refined Taste of the Emperor: Special Exhibition of Archaic and Pictorial Jades of the Ch'ing Court, Taipei, 1997, pl.71; compare also a related white jade horizontal rectangular 'landscape' screen, Qing dynasty, from the Qing Court collection, illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum: Small Refined Articles of the Study, Shanghai, 2009, pl.231.

    Beautifully worked on both sides of the screen, the present lot also conveys a multitude of auspicious blessings. The young attendant holds a banner with the character xi, meaning happiness, and one sage holds a ruyi sceptre which signifies the fulfilment of all wishes. The reverse with deer amidst cypress trees, expresses the wish 'bailing shilu' or 'May you attain old age and continue to receive emolument'. The depiction of cypress trees on jade screens are quite rare; see, however, a white jade table screen, carved with the Nine Elders of Xiangshan within a mountainous landscape detailed with a pine and cypress tree, Qianlong, illustrated in The Splendour of Jade, The Songzhutang Collection of Jade, Hong Kong, 2011, pp.172-173, no.140.

    白玉微微泛青,玉質純淨。屏方形,正面琢仙人祝壽圖,仙山水榭,翠柏蒼松,亭台樓閣,祥雲繚繞,兩位老者行走山間,一小童引路前行。屏背面雕雙鹿憩息於柏樹下,寓意「百齡食祿」。

    此類硯屏為清代宮廷文房陳設,具有類似繪畫的視覺效果,乾隆帝尤其寵愛此類具有「畫意」的玉器,清宮檔案中也曾有記載乾隆帝命宮廷造玉作坊工匠按照宮廷繪畫對玉器進行雕刻,見楊伯達,「北京故宮清宮舊藏乾隆玉器」,刊於《Arts of Asia》,1992年3-4月。

    參看台北故宮博物院藏一件清代玉溪橋送別圖硯屏,其構圖與雕刻手法與本插屏類似,見《宮廷之雅:清代仿古及畫意玉器特展圖錄》,台北,1997年,圖71;北京故宮博物院藏有一件清宮舊藏之青玉山水圖硯屏可資參考,見《故宮博物院藏文物珍品大系:文玩》,上海,2009年,圖231。此件硯屏背面柏樹的雕刻手法,可比較另一件清乾隆白玉香山九老圖硯屏,見《韫玉生輝:松竹堂珍藏玉器》,香港,2011年,頁172-173,圖140。
Contacts
A rare white jade double-sided screen Qianlong 23.5cm x 17cm (9 1/4in x 6 3/4in) 2
A rare white jade double-sided screen Qianlong 23.5cm x 17cm (9 1/4in x 6 3/4in) 2
A rare white jade double-sided screen Qianlong 23.5cm x 17cm (9 1/4in x 6 3/4in) 2
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