A very rare imperial guan-type 'fish basket' vessel Qianlong seal mark and of the period

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Lot 27
A very rare imperial guan-type 'fish basket' vessel
Qianlong seal mark and of the period

Sold for HK$ 6,040,000 (US$ 773,844) inc. premium
A very rare imperial guan-type 'fish basket' vessel
Qianlong seal mark and of the period
The compressed globular body covered in an even pale greyish-celadon glaze, with a pair of small upright loop handles on the shoulder, rising to a short neck and a flared mouthrim, the lower part of the body elegantly decorated with a row of twelve bosses, all raised on three short rounded feet dressed in dark brown.
17.3cm (6 3/4in) wide

Footnotes

  • 清乾隆 仿官釉雙系三足魚簍尊
    青花「大清乾隆年製」篆書款

    Provenance 來源:
    J.M.Hu Family Collection, sold at Sotheby's New York, Important Chinese Ceramics from the J.M. Hu Family Collection, 4 June 1985, lot 61

    胡惠春家族舊藏
    紐約蘇富比,1985年6月4日,編號61

    The 'fish basket' vessel is an outstanding example of tradition and innovation embraced by the Yongzheng and Qianlong emperors, and brought to fruition through the exceptional skills of the potters in the imperial kilns. Deceptively modest in look, it is a masterful feat of well-balanced form combined with a superbly executed glaze, resulting in an exquisite harmonious work of art.

    The earliest examples of this form, referred to as yu lou zun ('fish basket') dated to the Yongzheng period; see a teadust-glazed 'fish basket' vessel, Yongzheng seal mark and period, illustrated by Geng Baochang, Gugong bowuyuan cang qingdai yuyao ciqi, vol.1, part 2, Beijing, 2005, pl.13; and also a guan-type glazed 'fish basket' vessel, Yongzheng seal mark and period, from the collection of Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks in the British Museum, London, museum no.Franks.736. In form the vessel is inspired by Song dynasty incense burners or washers, particularly with regard to the raised studs, such as the one illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum: Porcelain of the Song Dynasty (II), Hong Kong, 1996, pl.129. The glaze imitates the prized guan glaze produced during the Southern Song dynasty, which alongside other Song dynasty ru and jun glaze were reproduced during the Yongzheng and Qianlong reigns.

    Three examples of similar 'fish basket' vessels, Qianlong seal mark and period, in varying glazes are in the Palace Museum, Beijing: the first, with a guan-type glaze, is illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum: Monochrome Porcelain, Hong Kong, 1999, pl.209; the second, with a ru-type glaze, is illustrated in Ceramics Gallery of the Palace Museum: Part II, Beijing, 2010, pl.381; and the third with a robin's egg glaze, is illustrated by Feng Xianming and Geng Baochang, Selected Porcelain of the Flourishing Qing Dynasty at the Palace Museum, Hong Kong, 1994, p.356, pl.93. See also an example painted with lotus scrolls in underglaze blue, Qianlong seal mark and period, from the Shanghai Museum, illustrated in The Official Kiln Porcelain of the Chinese Qing Dynasty, Shanghai, 2003, p.229.

    Several examples are extant in important private collections: two guan-type examples, Qianlong seal mark and period, also from the J.M.Hu collection, are illustrated in Qing Imperial Monochromes The Zande Lou Collection, pp.96-97, pl.31; a further guan-type glazed example, Qianlong seal mark and period, is illustrated by R.Krahl, Chinese Ceramics of the Meiyintang Collection, vol. 2, no.872, and later sold at Sotheby's Hong Kong, 5 October 2011, lot 5.

    See also a related Ru-type 'fish basket' vessel, Qianlong seal mark and of the period, also from the J.M.Hu Family Collection, sold at Sotheby's New York, 4 June 1985, lot 60 and later at Sotheby's Hong Kong, 14 November 1989, lot 189, illustrated in Sotheby's Hong Kong, Twenty Years, 1993, p.228, no.323, and Eskenazi Ltd., Qing Porcelain from a Private Collection, London, 2012, pl.11.

    尊撇口,短頸,扁圓腹,平底,底承三乳足,足端飾以鐵褐色。腹下有一圈共十二個凸起乳釘。肩部作對稱雙系。通體施仿官釉,釉色粉青,色澤瑩潤典雅。底部書青花「大清乾隆年製」六字三行篆書款。

    魚簍尊屬宮廷陳設用瓷,耿寶昌先生認為此類魚簍尊屬於花器,又稱花囊,見《明清瓷器鑑定》,香港,1993年,圖452(4)。魚簍尊造型始於雍正,至乾隆時期由圈足演變為露胎三乳足式,雍正時期的作品,見北京故宮博物院藏茶葉末釉一例,著錄於耿寶昌著,《故宮博物院藏清代御窯瓷器》,北京,2005年,卷1(下冊),圖13。另見Augustus Wollaston Franks爵士舊藏一件清雍正仿官釉魚簍尊,現藏大英博物館,博物館編碼Franks.736。此魚簍尊上的乳釘紋則可能受到宋代御窯作品的影響,見《故宮博物院藏文物珍品全集:兩宋瓷器(下)》,香港,1996年,圖129。

    北京故宮博物院藏之乾隆時期魚簍尊有三例:見清乾隆仿汝窯魚簍尊一例,著錄於《故宮陶瓷館:下編》,北京,2010年,圖381;另有一件清乾隆仿官釉雙系魚簍尊可資比較,見《故宮博物院藏文物珍品大系·顏色釉》,香港,1999年,圖209,頁231;另有以爐鈞釉燒製而成者,見馮先明、耿寶昌,《故宮博物院藏清盛世瓷選粹》,北京,1994年,圖93;上海博物館亦有一件清乾隆青花纏枝紋魚簍尊可供參考,見《宮廷珍藏中國清代官窯瓷器》,上海,2003年,頁229。

    另比較相似的清乾隆仿官釉雙耳魚簍尊兩件,同屬胡惠春先生舊藏,出版於《暫得樓清代官窯單色釉瓷》,香港,2005年,圖31,頁96。另見玫茵堂舊藏一例,著錄於康蕊君,《玫茵堂中國陶瓷》,倫敦,1994-2010年,卷2,編號872,後於香港蘇富比售出,2011年10月5日,編號5。另見紐約蘇富比曾售出仿汝釉一例,同屬胡惠春家族收藏,1985年6月4日,編號60,後由香港蘇富比再售出,1989年11月14日,編號189,著錄於《香港蘇富比二十年》,香港,1993年,頁228,圖323,以及Eskenazi Ltd.,《Qing Porcelain from a Private Collection》,倫敦,2012年,編號11。

    對於官窯瓷器的燒造,乾隆帝延續雍正一朝求古創新的風格,命御窯廠繼續仿燒宋代汝、官、哥、鈞、定等宋代名窯,皆甚為成功。其中仿官者釉質瑩潤,釉面或無開片,或有冰裂片紋,又因胎質色黑,更能呈現宋代官窯「紫口鐵足」的效果。此魚簍尊正是乾隆仿官釉器中又一佳例。
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A very rare imperial guan-type 'fish basket' vessel Qianlong seal mark and of the period
A very rare imperial guan-type 'fish basket' vessel Qianlong seal mark and of the period
A very rare imperial guan-type 'fish basket' vessel Qianlong seal mark and of the period
A very rare imperial guan-type 'fish basket' vessel Qianlong seal mark and of the period
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