1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113

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Lot 111
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau
Registration no. BS 8556 Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113

£ 140,000 - 160,000
US$ 180,000 - 200,000
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau
Registration no. BS 8556
Chassis no. 6022
Engine no. 2113

*On museum display for 50 years
*Outstandingly original condition
*Mechanically overhauled between 2010 and 2014
*VCC dated

Footnotes

  • Already a successful maker of bicycles and pneumatic tyres – he owned the Dunlop patents in France - Adolphe Clément diversified into automobile manufacture in 1899, taking an interest in the existing Gladiator concern. Rear-engined tricycles and quadricycles were made at the Gladiator works in Levallois-sur-Seine before Clément began building a conventional front-engined light car around 1901. Clément's early vehicles were powered by Aster, Panhard and De Dion engines, all three makes being at the forefront of automobile development.

    By January 1903 Clément et Gladiator claimed to have an annual capacity of 1,200 cars but in October that year Adolphe Clément broke his connection with the company and set up a new factory in Levallois-Perret. As he was unable to call the cars it built 'Cléments', he adopted the trade name 'Bayard' after a statue of the legendary medieval French hero 'le chevalier sans peur et sans reproche' that stood in front of his branch factory in Mézières in the Ardennes region, and officially changed his name to Clément-Bayard. He also formed a joint venture with the Earl of Shrewsbury and Talbot to assemble Clément-Bayard cars in London, where they were known as 'Clément-Talbots', eventually becoming the celebrated 'Talbot' marque as assembly developed into manufacture.

    Introducing the 1904 'Bayard' range, launched in the autumn of 1903, the French magazine La Vie Automobile wrote: 'Clément is one of the three or four giants of our special world. This man who says little and thinks a lot, whose activity is as great as his daring, is one of the unstoppable forces that drive the stupefying speed that we see in the automobile revolution.'

    The Clément-Bayard company was a pioneer of vertical integration, with little reliance on outside suppliers. Casting and rough machining work was carried out at Mézières and bodies were built in coachworks near the Levallois factory. Clément-Bayard's products were well-built and stylish, aimed at the well-to-do middle class, and in 1904 the Levallois-Perret factory employed some 1,600 men who built around 1,200 cars annually. Around 1906 Clément-Bayard began building taxicabs, a market also exploited by the rival Renault company, and between them the two firms dominated the Parisian taxicab scene.

    Clément-Bayard's factories produced munitions in large quantities during the 1914-18 war, after which he retired and sold his Levallois works to the up-and-coming André Citroën. He died from a heart attack while at the wheel of a car in 1928.

    In single family ownership from the 1930s until 2009, and on display in the Swiss National Transport Museum at Lucerne for 50 years from 1960, this twin-cylinder 4/5-seat rear-entrance tonneau is in a state of remarkable originality. Apart from a repaint long ago and a change from low- to high-tension magneto ignition just before The Great War, it appears to be just as it left the Levallois factory in 1904.

    The current vendor purchased the Clément-Bayard at Bonhams' New Bond Street Sale of Veteran Motor Cars in November 2010 (Lot 309). The car had been provisionally dated by the Veteran Car Club's Dating Committee of as 1904 manufacture but the new owner now had to prove beyond doubt that it was built before 31st December of that year. A lengthy period of investigative work ensued, leading to the Archive Centre in Paris, which holds records of France motor manufacturers. Copies of the original documents filed by Clément et Cie showed that car number '6003' was inspected and tested in February 1904. This car has original body plates numbering it as '6022', indicating that it was built in March 1904. This was accepted by the Dating Committee and a Dating Certificate duly awarded.

    The car had not run for many years and although it started, it was obvious that the 
engine and running gear were in need of a total restoration, which was entrusted to 
Terry Formhalls in Downton, Wiltshire. In addition, some of the paintwork was carefully restored while the leather upholstery was left in its original condition. The only deviations from original specification are the fitting of an electric starter and a new clutch with synthetic friction lining. We are advised that the car has performed faultlessly since the restoration, successfully completing two London to Brighton Runs in the vendor's hands. The restoration invoices are in the history file and the car also comes with copies of the aforementioned French records, the VCC Dating Certificate and a V5C registration document.

    According to the most recent Handbook and List of Cars of the Veteran Car Club of Great Britain, only eight or so 9/11hp Bayard, Clément-Bayard, Clément-Talbot or Talbot cars eligible for the London to Brighton Veteran Car Run are known to exist in members' hands.
Contacts
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
1904 Clément-Bayard 9/11hp AC2K Twin-Cylinder Rear-Entrance Tonneau  Chassis no. 6022 Engine no. 2113
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