RUSSIA -PATRIARCHS OF MOSCOW. Three documents in Russian: (i) with subscription ("the humble Filaret by Grace of God Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia"), granting lands in Kostroma to Stepan Semenovich Mikatin; and two others

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Lot 77
RUSSIA - PATRIARCHS OF MOSCOW
Three documents in Russian: (i) with subscription ("the humble Filaret by Grace of God Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia"), granting lands in Kostroma to Stepan Semenovich Mikatin, Moscow, March 1622; (ii) with subscription ("the humble Ioasaf by Grace of God Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia"), granting a continuation of occupancy to Ivan Mikitin, March 1637;(iii) manuscript copy of a Survey of the Settlement of Bogoroditsk with the official stamp of Catherine the Great, September 1781.

Sold for £ 6,250 (US$ 8,575) inc. premium
RUSSIA - PATRIARCHS OF MOSCOW
Three documents in Russian: (i) with subscription ("the humble Filaret by Grace of God Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia"), granting lands in Kostroma to Stepan Semenovich Mikatin, 27 lines in cursive 'skoropis' with the usual abbreviations, with large opening initial 'B', the reverse with chancery inscription dated 12 January 1761, 1 page, tears with losses, dust staining, discolouration and considerable fading, folio (485 x 320mm.), Moscow, March 1622; (ii) with subscription ("the humble Ioasaf by Grace of God Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia"), granting a continuation of occupancy to Ivan Mikitin, confirming the grant of the previous year to the widow Antonina Iliina Mikitina of his grandfather Stepan, 25 lines in cursive 'skoropis' with the usual abbreviations, with large opening initial 'B' with scrolling decoration and remnants of wax seal, 1 page, tears with losses, dust staining, some discolouration and fading, folio (405 x 310mm.), March 1637; together with (iii) manuscript copy of a Survey of the Settlement of Bogoroditsk in the district of the same name in Tula Governent, with details of residents, dated 11 September 1781 and signed by various military officials and with the official stamp of Catherine the Great.

Footnotes

  • TWO RARE 'GRAMOTI' WRITTEN ON BEHALF OF THE FIRST ROMANOV TSAR MICHAEL: the first is by his father, Filaret, Patriarch of Moscow 1619-1633, who had been forced to take monastic vows, along with his wife, by Tsar Boris Godunov and thence exiled, first to the north, then as a virtual prisoner of the Poles. It gives the position of 'Pomestnik' (occupier) to Stepan Mikitin, possibly a former member of the Life-Guards under Ivan the Terrible (various members of this family are recorded as such). The land was in the 'uezd' (district) of Kostroma, an important trading area on the banks of the Volga, centred round the city of the same name, then part of the Muscovite principality. The second document is unusual as it allows the hereditary occupancy of the land to Stepan's successors, instead of reverting automatically to the state. Since the Time of Troubles, beginning with the reign of Boris Godunov until the elected succession of Michael Romanov, the various factions had granted land without order, which left the countryside in turmoil and the populace leaderless. Both patriarchs were powerful enough to give some order to the situation and the ownership and control of land and problems of peasant labour were key issues in this period.
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