Copy of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, Tokyo Bay, Japan 2 September 1945 22 x 15 In (56 x 38 cm)

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Lot 321
Copy of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, Tokyo Bay, Japan 2 September 1945
22 x 15 In (56 x 38 cm)

Sold for US$ 47,500 inc. premium
Copy of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, Tokyo Bay, Japan 2 September 1945
Copy of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender with red leather binding and cover displaying US Eagle and reading "Instrument of Surrender" and "J.E.D" in gold paint. The first page of content is a statement in English by the Japanese representatives, acting on behalf of the "the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters", that they accept the provisions for Japan issued by the US, China and Britain at the Potsdam Conference of 26 July, 1945 and unconditionally surrender. The next page displays the signatures of Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Yoshijiro Umezu and civilian plenipotentiary Mamoru Shigemitsu (both in Japanese), Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers Douglas MacArthur and United States Representative Admiral Chester Nimitz and other signatures of the representatives from the Republic of China, UK, USSR, the Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of Canada, the Provisional Government of the French Republic, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Dominion of New Zealand. The following page is an English translation of the proclamation of the Emperor Hirohito ordering the acceptance of the Potsdam Conference terms and the signing of the Instrument of Surrender in accordance with the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, along with a list of signers and counter signers made up of the then-serving Ministers of the Japanese government. The following page is the Japanese version of the above, bearing the seal of the Emperor, his signature and the signature of the heads of the Japanese government. The remaining four pages are made up of the Japanese language sealed authorizations by Hirohito, with English translations, for Shigemitsu and Umezu to sign the Instrument of Surrender on the Emperor's behalf.
Provenance: Eleanor Davies, Daughter of Joseph Davies.

The Japanese Instrument of Surrender was the written agreement that formalized the surrender of the Empire of Japan, whereby the Japanese accepted the terms laid down by the Potsdam Declaration of July 26, 1945 calling for the surrender of all Japanese armed forces. The Potsdam Conference had also called, amongst other terms, for the reduction of Japanese territory to the main islands, the removal of obstacles to democratic tendencies and an end to such industries as could be used for war production with the alternative being prompt and utter destruction. The status of the Emperor was notably omitted. It was to these terms that the Japanese agreed on the deck of the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, in a ceremony lasting twenty three minutes and broadcast throughout the world. This Allied copy of the Surrender is identified by its leather lining (the Japanese version was bound in rough canvas) and is one of a limited number ordered by General MacArthur for attendees at the Surrender ceremony. This particular example was given to Ambassador Joseph E. Davies, Special Advisor to US President Harry Truman, whose initials grace the cover.
22 x 15 In (56 x 38 cm)
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