A very rare guan-marked Dingyao moulded ewer and fixed cover, daozhuanghu Northern Song Dynasty

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Lot 158
A very rare guan-marked Dingyao moulded ewer and fixed cover, daozhuanghu
Northern Song Dynasty

Sold for HK$ 7,960,000 (US$ 1,023,688) inc. premium
A very rare guan-marked Dingyao moulded ewer and fixed cover, daozhuanghu
Northern Song Dynasty
Of compressed globular form, raised on a short spreading foot, the body moulded with a band of lotus lappets below a band of petals on the shoulder, with a short curved spout and 'C'-shaped handle flanking the sides, the fixed cover surmounted by a finial formed by a small gnarled branch with three flowers, the ewer being filled from the base incised with the character guan.
15cm wide

Footnotes

  • 北宋 定窯「官」字款蓮瓣紋倒裝壺

    'Inverted' vessels with immovable covers that are filled through the bottom are extremely rare from the Song period. While examples from Yaozhou kilns are known, no Dingyao example appears to have been published.

    A Yaozhou 'inverted' pot, in the Historical Museum of Shaanxi, Xi'an, with deeply carved lotus decoration, a mythical beast spout and phoenix handle, is illustrated by Robert L. Thor and Richard Ellis Vinograd, Chinese Art and Culture New York, 2001, p.235, no.7-9. Wares of this type were produced using moulds that allowed for consistency of design and large-scale production. The vessel was cleverly designed to be used when inverted, filled through a hole in the base, and with a tube on the inside that serves as a stopper when the vessel is upright. Compare also with a Northern Song Dynasty Yaozhou carved 'inverted' or 'puzzle' ewer, sold at Sotheby's New York, 18 September 2007, lot 242.

    The Ding kilns mostly fired high-quality white porcelain, using highly refined clay. The wares produced were therefore thin, but durable, pure white and smooth. The inscribed 'Guan' or 'official' character on the base of Dingyao wares was a mark of the high level of craftsmanship and possibly refers to a system of official Government kilns. A Dingyao foliate rimmed bowl, also inscribed with a guan mark to the base, dated Five Dynasties to Song Dynasty, in the National Palace Museum, Taipei, is illustrated in Decorated Porcelains of Dingzhou, White Ding wares from the Collection of the National Palace Museum, Taipei, 2013, p.37, no.I-18. Such wares with the 'guan' character, including the present lot, are of superb quality with a spotless white and creamy glaze.

    The result of Oxford Authentication Ltd. thermoluminescence test no.P111p47 is consistent with the dating of this lot.

    壺呈圓球狀,短小流,曲柄,蓋頂貼飾蒂多瓣的小花。壺肩模印重疊蓮瓣紋,下刻劃如意頭蓮瓣紋,矮圈足,底中心刻有「官」字款,旁有一注酒的圓洞。全器呈現牙白潤澤釉光,整體感覺恬靜雅致。

    把壺倒置後從底孔注酒,此孔同連接隔水管,將壺正置時,利用連通器液體等高的原理,酒從流嘴流出,但不會溢自壺底孔,故稱倒裝壺或倒流壺,盛產於宋代,是一件集合古人智慧及美學之作。

    同樣刻有「官」字款的定窯製品,可參考台北國立故宮博物院藏「官」款花式碗,見蔡玫芬主編:《定州花瓷-院藏定窯系白瓷特展》,台北,2013年,頁37,圖版I-18。該件被定為五代至宋代初期之作品,其「官」字為施釉後刻款。

    此拍品經牛津鑒定公司熱釋光年法測試(測試編號P111p47),證實與本圖錄之定代符合。
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A very rare guan-marked Dingyao moulded ewer and fixed cover, daozhuanghu Northern Song Dynasty
A very rare guan-marked Dingyao moulded ewer and fixed cover, daozhuanghu Northern Song Dynasty
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