FABRICIUS AB AQUAPENDENTE. c.1533-1619. L'Opere Chirurgiche del Signor Girolamo Fabritio d'Aquapendente... Bologna: Per Giosesso Longhi, 1678.

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Lot 106
FABRICIUS AB AQUAPENDENTE. c.1533-1619.
L'Opere Chirurgiche del Signor Girolamo Fabritio d'Aquapendente... Bologna: Per Giosesso Longhi, 1678.
US$ 1,200 - 1,800
£ 910 - 1,400

History of Science

22 Oct 2014, 13:00 EDT

New York

Lot Details
FABRICIUS AB AQUAPENDENTE. c.1533-1619.
L'Opere Chirurgiche del Signor Girolamo Fabritio d'Aquapendente... Bologna: Per Giosesso Longhi, 1678.
Folio (328 x 217 mm). [12] 359 [1] pp, with 9 engraved plates of orthopedic and surgical instruments, the first signed "Gio. Bettamini fece," the rest unsigned. Modern vellum over boards, leather spine label. Inner margin of half-title expertly repaired, moderate browning and foxing. Very good.
Provenance: M. Gonzalez-Ulloa of Mexico (book plate).

FIRST EDITION IN ITALIAN of Fabrizio's collected surgical works, first published in Latin in an unillustrated small-format edition in 1619. The plates illustrating this Italian edition first appeared in the 1647 folio Latin edition issued by Bolzetta; these were reproduced in later editions and translations. This edition of Fabrizio's collected surgical works contains Italian translations of the Pentateuchos cheirurgicum (first ed 1592) and the Operationes chirurgicae, originally published in 1619. "The five books of the Pentateuchos are primarily devoted to the description of tumors, wounds, ulcers and fistulas, fractures, and dislocations; to these the Operationes adds a description of surgical instruments (some of which are illustrated) and classic surgical techniques, including a discussion of particular technical expedients devised by Fabricius himself and emphasizing some differences between Fabrizio's technique and that of others" (Dictionary of Scientific Biography). Of particular interest is Fabrizio's extensive discussion of dentistry and oral surgery, in which he describes techniques for various operations such as tartar removal, treatment of dental caries, the filing and extraction of teeth, tooth replacement, and the treatment of lockjaw and jaw dislocations. "One noteworthy item, which must be regarded as progress, is that we do not find a single word in [Fabrizio's] work about loosening teeth through cauterizing agents, the treatment which was so highly cultivated by the Arabs and so eagerly incorporated in the West" (Hoffmann-Axthelm History of Dentistry p 143; also pp 142 & 144). Fabrizio described several dental instruments, such as the "pelican" for tooth extraction, the crow's bill forceps for removing roots, the stork's bill forceps for removing incisors, the "dog's bite" forceps, a drill, a rasper, etc. These are not shown here, but were illustrated by Scultetus, pupil of Fabrizio's successor Spigelius, in his Armamentarium chirurgicum (1655 and numerous later eds). Also of interest is the suit of orthopedic armor designed by Fabrizio and illustrated in the first two plates; this device "was in the shape of a man, [and] designed to combine in one apparatus the principles for all existing devices for the correction of orthopedic injuries and deformities" (DSB). Krivatsy 3823.
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