A fine Qajar shamshir

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Lot 2079
A fine Qajar shamshir
Iran, mid-19th century

Sold for US$ 7,605 inc. premium
A fine Qajar shamshir
Iran, mid-19th century
Curved 34 inch crucible steel blade with fullered yelman, 29 inch central fuller and below the spine, a series of short fullers, the interstices between with small inlaid gold panels of leaves and blossoms; the back side with eight fullers extending to the hilt; the front side with seven fullers, the lowermost stopping above the inlaid gold inscription panels and scrolling to enclose the end of the central fuller. Steel guard of familiar form exhibiting slight traces of overlaid gold florals. Hilt comprising marine ivory gripscales, silver wire ferrule and silver pommel cap molded with florals, the grip spine chased with floral meander highlighted with gold overlay. With original brown leather-covered scabbard, the silver mounts with embossed and punched floral and arabesque decoration. See note below for detailed analysis and translation of inscriptions kindly provided by Dr. Monouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani.
Condition: Blade showing some areas of wear to watered pattern and several small nicks to edge. Guard and pommel cap. showing wear and some minor pitting. Scabbard showing scattered marks and with minor losses to leather.
See Illustration

Footnotes

  • Note: Period: Early Qajar period
    Analysis by Dr. Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani:
    Inscriptions: The horizontal inscriptions read:
    Ze huše Falātun damaš tiztar [upper part]
    Ze abruye deldār xunriz tar [lower part]
    Its edge [literally, tail] is sharper than the intelligence of Plato! It sheds more blood than the eyebrows of the beloved. Persian literature always refers to eyebrows as one of the physical beauties of women. This inscription is often found on the quality qaddare (short one edged swords) from the Qajar period of Iran. For an example from the Military Museum of Tehran see Arms and Armor from Iran, Khorasani, 2006, Cat. 190).
    The circular gold-inlaid cartouche consists of different parts. The upper part is one of the attributes of God and reads: ho wal aziz ﻫﻭﺍﻟﻌﺰﻴﺰ (Oh the Forgiver). The cartouche in the middle reads Amal-e Mo'alam MesrI ﻋﻤﻞﺴﻠﻄﺎﻦﻤﻌﻠﻢﻤﺼﺭﻯ (The work of Soltan Mo'alam Mesri). The maker's mark amal-e Mesri Mo'alam ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺼﺮﻯ ﻋﻤﻞ or amal-e Mo'alam Mesri ﻤﺼﺮﻯ ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻋﻤﻞ (The work of Mesri Mo'alam or the work of Mo'lam Mesri). Note that amal ﻋﻤﻞ (n) means "work" and Mesri Mo'alam ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺼﺮﻯ (n) is a name. A sword signed by amal-e Mesri Mo'alam ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺼﺮﻯ ﻋﻤﻞ and attributed to Sāh Safi is kept in the Military Museum of Tehran. For more information see Arms and Armor from Iran (Khorasani, Cat. 80). Another shamshir with this maker's mark can be found on a Shamshir attributed to Mohammad Shah Qajar (dated 1817) in the Military Museum of Tehran (see Arms and Armor from Iran, Khorasani, Cat. 159).
    Inscriptions on the other edge of the cartouche read: Ya Qahaer al-Adow ﻳﺎﻗﺎﻫﺮﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ (Oh the conquerer of enemies). This is another attribute of God.
    The inscription on the corner of the cartouche is Ya Moth'her Alajaieb ﺍﻠﻌﺠﺍﺌﺐ ﻤﻈﻬﺮ ﻴﺎ (Oh the revealer of miracles) which is part of the famed prayer Nāde Ali ﻨﺎﺪﻋﻠﻰ (prayer of Nāde Ali). This prayer is a call upon Ali the first Imam of the Shiites. This prayer is used on many scabbard fittings of swords from the Safavid period.
    The blade has the pattern of pulād-e jŏhardār-e mošabak ﻤﺸﺑﮏ ﺟﻭﻫﺮﺪﺍﺭ ﭘﻮﻻﺩ (crucible damascus steel with net pattern or a type of crucible damascus steel with woodgrain pattern). For this pattern see Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran, 2010).
Contacts
A fine Qajar shamshir
A fine Qajar shamshir
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