An Egyptian dark green stone Osiriphoros statue for Padiaset
Lot 193
An Egyptian dark green stone Osiriphoros statue for Padiaset
Sold for £ 136,900 (US$ 173,885) inc. premium

Antiquities

2 Oct 2014, 10:30 BST

London, New Bond Street

Lot Details
An Egyptian dark green stone Osiriphoros statue for Padiaset An Egyptian dark green stone Osiriphoros statue for Padiaset An Egyptian dark green stone Osiriphoros statue for Padiaset An Egyptian dark green stone Osiriphoros statue for Padiaset
An Egyptian dark green stone Osiriphoros statue for Padiaset
Late Period, late 26th Dynasty, circa 600-525 B.C.
The male figure standing with his left leg advanced, wearing a pleated kilt and a short striated wig, his arms held out in front supporting a small figure of the god Osiris standing on a short integral plinth, in typical mummiform, wearing the atef crown and holding the crook and flail, the figure with a back pillar inscribed on the sides and back, and standing on an integral rectangular base, inscribed with hieroglyphs on the front, sides and back, the back pillar invoking Osiris with a funerary offering formula 'Osiris foremost of the West, the great god, lord of Abydos, ruler of eternity', inscribed for 'Padiaset, high priest of Seth, scribe of the temple, scribe of ?..., scribe of the granary....' with numerous other titles, 'son of the (like titled?) Akh-setekh-eru', 11¼in (28.6cm) high

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    Dutch private collection, acquired by the present owner's grandfather between the 1930s and early 1970s, thence by descent.

    Literature:
    Osiriphoros figures grew in popularity in the Late Period and there are a number of related figures in museums worldwide. For exempla cf. E. Riefstahl, Egyptian Sculpture of the Late Period 700 B.C. to A.D. 100, The Brooklyn Museum, 1960. There is a slightly larger grey-green schist example in the Pierpoint Morgan Library, New York, inv. no.11 wearing instead a bag wig and a plain kilt: E. Riefstahl, op. cit., p.46, no. 39, pl. 36, figs 84-5.

    There is a closely related, also larger green schist example for Iret-horru in the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, no. 22.215. The figure wears a similar striated wig and intricately folded 'gala garment' kilt and the Osiris in this group also wears the atef crown: cf. E. Riefstahl, op. cit., p.51-2, no. 44, pl. 41, figs 98-9.

    The most important feature of this statue for Padiaset is the connection to the cult of Set. According to myth, Set murdered his brother Osiris and fought Osiris's son Horus for sovereignty. In the light of this, it is unusual that an individual whose name bears that of Set should be holding an Osiris votive statue.

    Moreover the connection to Set on a Late Period private statue is particularly rare and significant. During the Third Intermediate and Late Periods various foreign powers including the Assyrian and Persian empires invaded and occupied Egypt. The worship of Set, who had traditionally been the god of foreigners, became associated with foreign invasion and tyranny and his veneration declined.

    However in some provincial areas of Egypt Set was still regarded as the heroic chief deity and this statue must come from one of these regions. For further discussion see H. te Velde, 'Seth, God of Confusion: A Study of His Role in Egyptian Mythology and Religion', in Probleme der Ägyptologie, 6, (G. E. van Baaren-Pape, transl.), Brill, 1967.
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