Wen Zhengming (1470-1559) Calligraphy

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Lot 1224
Wen Zhengming (1470-1559)
Calligraphy

Sold for HK$ 137,500 (US$ 17,699) inc. premium
Wen Zhengming (1470-1559)
Calligraphy
Ink on paper, framed
Inscribed with two seals of the artist and two seals of the collector
28cm x 58.5cm (11in x 23in).

Footnotes

  • 文徵明 蓮社十八賢圖記 水墨紙本 鏡框

    款識:龍暝李伯時,為予作《蓮社十八賢圖》,追寫當時事。按十八賢行狀,沙門惠遠,初為儒,因聽道安講《般若經》,豁然大悟,乃與其弟惠持,俱棄儒落髮。太元中,至廬山。時沙門慧永,先居香谷。遠欲駐錫是山,一夕山神見夢,稽首留師,忽於後夜,雷電大震,平旦,地皆坦夷,材木委積。江州刺史桓伊,表奏其異,為師建寺,是為東林,因號其殿為「神運」。時有彭城遺民劉程之、豫章雷次宗、雁門周續之、南陽宗昺、張詮、張野,凡六人,皆名重一時,棄官舍緣,來依遠師。復有沙門道昺、曇常、惠叡、曇詵、道敬、道生、曇順七人,又有梵僧佛馭跋陀羅、佛駝耶舍二尊者,相結為社,號廬山十八賢。時陳郡謝靈運,以才自負,少所推與。及來社中,見遠師,心悅誠服,乃為開池種白蓮,求預淨社。遠師以其心亂,拒而不納。陶潛時棄官居栗裏,每來社中,或時纔至,便攢眉廻去。遠師愛之,欲留不可淂。道士陸脩靜,居簡寂觀,亦常來社中,與遠相善。遠自居東林,足不越虎谿。一日送陸道士,忽行過谿,相持而笑。又嘗令人沽酒,引淵明來。故詩人有云「愛陶長官醉兀兀,送陸道士行遲遲;沽酒過谿俱破戒,彼何人斯師如斯」,又雲「陶令醉多招不淂,謝公心亂去還來」者,皆其事也。此圖初為入路,與清流激湍,縈帶曲折。逾石橋,谿廻路轉,石巖一,又繚而上石巖一。二巖之間,有方石池,種白蓮華。巖之傍,有石梯,度山迤儷而去,不知所窮。當圖窮處,橫為長雲,蔽覆樹腰、巖頂,其高深遠近,蓋莫淂而見也。傍石池,有高崖懸泉,下瀦為潭,支流貫池,下注大溪。激石而湍浪者,虎溪也。巖之外,遊行而來者二人。一人登嶺出半身者,宗昺也。一人躡石磴而下者,曇順也。巖中為經筵會講者六人。一人踞床憑幾,揮麈而講說者,道生也。一人持羽扇,目注懸猿,而意在深聽者,雷次宗也。一人合掌坐於床下者,道敬也。一人相向而坐者,曇詵也。一人執經卷,跪聽於其後。童子一,舒足搔首,有倦聽之意。蓮池之上,環石臺坐而箋經校義者五人,石上列香爐、筆研之具。一人憑石而坐者,劉程之也。一人手開經軸,倚石而回視者,張詮也。一人正坐,俯而閱經者,惠叡也。一人回坐,拱手傍眡而沉思者,惠持也。一人持如意而指經者,惠永也。一人捧經笈,與童子持如意立其後。又童子跪而司火,持鋏向爐而吹。一人俯爐而候烹,捧茶盤而立者。一人傍有石置茶器。又一巖中有文殊金像,環坐其下為佛事者三人。一人執爐,跪而謌唄者,曇常也。一人坐而擎拳者,道昺也。一人執經卷而坐者,周續之也。臨溪偶坐者二人,皆梵僧。一人袒肩持短錫者,跋陀羅也。一人舉如意據膝而坐者,耶舍也。童子一,卷髮胡面,持羽扇立後。一人露頂坦腹,仰視懸泉,坐而濯足者,張野。童子持巾立其側。又蹲而汲者一人。石橋之傍,峭壁崛起,前有僧與道士相捉而笑者,遠公送陸道士過虎溪也。一人貌恠雄視,捉巾瓶而立者,捕蛇翁也。童子負杖卻立而待。一人乘籃輿者,淵明之廻去也。淵明有足疾,嘗以竹籃為輿,使其子與門生肩之。前者若欲憩而不淂,後者若甘負而忘倦,蓋門人與其子也。童子負酒瓢從之。一人持貝葉,騎而方來者,謝靈運也。傍一人持曲笠,童子負笈前騎而行。凡為人三十有八。馬一、猿一、鹿一。器用、草木,不復以數計。人物灑落,泉石秀潤。追千載於筆下,萃羣賢於掌中。開圖恍然,若與之接。揮麈而談者,如欲懸河吐屑,肆辯而未停。嘿坐而聽者,如欲屏息杜意,審諦而冥冥。沉思者,如欲鉤深味遠,叩玄關宅靈府,而遊乎恍忽之庭。梵唄者,如欲轉喉鼓舌,而有雲雷之響,與海潮之聲。行往來者,如御風而遐舉。坐臨水者,如騎魚而將去。笑執手者,軒渠絕倒,達於衣冠。蓋其心手相忘,筆與神會,而妙出意表,故能奴隸顧陸,僮僕張吳,跨千載而獨步。非十八人者,不足以發伯時之筆。非伯時者,不足以寫十八人之趣。豈非泉石膏肓,煙霞痼疾,其臭味相似。故形容之工,若同時而共處者也。伯時與予為從兄,實山林莫逆之友。為此圖凡三十八日而成。淂之,游居寢飯其下。客來觀者,或未知蓮社事,因記其後,覽者當自淂之也。圖成於元豐庚申十二月二十五日。越明年辛酉正月二十六日,龍眠李元中沖元記。
    鈐印:玉蘭堂、文徵明印
    藏印:翰墨軒芝道人供養、戴培之鑑藏書畫印
    紙張拓印:金粟山藏經紙

    戴植(清),江蘇丹徒人,字培之,號芝農,一號成芬,別署誠盦、芝道人、聽驪館主人、培萬樓主人、翰墨軒主人等。其翰墨軒、心太平軒、培萬樓收藏書畫古籍,稱極一時。其所藏書畫後來多歸於上海博物館。
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