An early illuminated anthology of poetry (divan) by Ibn Yamin (Amir Fakhr-ad-Din Mahmud ibn Yamin al-Faryumadi Tughra'i, d. 1344), commissioned for the library of the Timurid ruler, Ibrahim Sultan, bearing seal impressions of his father Shah Rukh bin Timur Transoxiana, probably Samarkand or Fars, first half of the 15th Century

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Lot 2
An early illuminated anthology of poetry (divan) by Ibn Yamin (Amir Fakhr-ad-Din Mahmud ibn Yamin al-Faryumadi Tughra'i, d. 1344), commissioned for the library of the Timurid ruler, Ibrahim Sultan, bearing seal impressions of his father Shah Rukh bin Timur
Transoxiana, probably Samarkand or Fars, first half of the 15th Century

Sold for £ 25,000 (US$ 30,578) inc. premium
An early illuminated anthology of poetry (divan) by Ibn Yamin (Amir Fakhr-ad-Din Mahmud ibn Yamin al-Faryumadi Tughra'i, d. 1344), commissioned for the library of the Timurid ruler, Ibrahim Sultan, bearing seal impressions of his father Shah Rukh bin Timur
Transoxiana, probably Samarkand or Fars, first half of the 15th Century
Persian manuscript on cream-coloured polished paper, 492 leaves, 15 lines to the page written in two columns of elegant nasta'liq script in black ink, double intercolumnar and interlinear rules in gold throughout, inner margins ruled in blue and gold, catchwords in wide outer borders, headings written in nasta'liq script in red and gold, two illuminated headpieces preceded by a fine illuminated shamsa incorporating the name and titles of the ruler, later black morocco decorated with central medallions and corner pieces of gilt paper inlay decorated with floral motifs
177 by 110 mm.

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    Sultan Ibrahim, son of the Timurid ruler Shahrukh bin Timur, was born in 1393 and was appointed ruler of Fars from 1414 until his death in 1435;
    Shahrukh reigned from 1405 to 1409 in Khorasan only, and until 1447 in Transoxiana and Persia. Since his son Ibrahim Sultan predeceased his father in 1435, it is most likely that this manuscript entered the library of his father after that date;
    Various later seal impressions indicate that this manuscript was in the possession of the Naqshabandi Sufis, also known as Khawajagan, who flourished in Transoxiana during the 17th and 18th Centuries.

    Inscriptions:
    The inscription contained in the illuminated shamsa reads:
    'For the treasury of the Most Great Sultan, the Most Just Mughith al-Sultana and ad-Din (Mughith ad-Din) Abu'l Fath Ibrahim Sultan'.

    One of the seal impression reads:
    '[One] of the books of the Library of the most Great Sultan Shah-Rukh [sic.] Bahadur'. Compare the library seal impression of Shah Rukh with that in a manuscript of Rashid ad-Din's Illustrated History of the World, Jami' al-tawarikh, in the Khalili Collection: see S. Blair, A Compendium of Chronicles, Oxford 1995, fig. 19, p. 34.

    This manuscript is attributable to the patronage of Ibrahim Sultan, the Timurid prince who ruled Fars in southern Persia between 1414 and 1435, and subsequently belonged to his father Shah Rukh. It is thought to be the earliest extant manuscript of this author's Divan, alongside that in the National Library (Dar al-Kutub), Cairo, which is dated AH 836/AD 1432-33. The third earliest version is in the Malik National Library and Museum, Tehran, and is dated AH 842/AD 1438-39. See Munzavi, Fihrist-i nuskha-ha-yikhatti-i Farsi, vol. 4, pp. 2211-4.
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An early illuminated anthology of poetry (divan) by Ibn Yamin (Amir Fakhr-ad-Din Mahmud ibn Yamin al-Faryumadi Tughra'i, d. 1344), commissioned for the library of the Timurid ruler, Ibrahim Sultan, bearing seal impressions of his father Shah Rukh bin Timur Transoxiana, probably Samarkand or Fars, first half of the 15th Century
An early illuminated anthology of poetry (divan) by Ibn Yamin (Amir Fakhr-ad-Din Mahmud ibn Yamin al-Faryumadi Tughra'i, d. 1344), commissioned for the library of the Timurid ruler, Ibrahim Sultan, bearing seal impressions of his father Shah Rukh bin Timur Transoxiana, probably Samarkand or Fars, first half of the 15th Century
An early illuminated anthology of poetry (divan) by Ibn Yamin (Amir Fakhr-ad-Din Mahmud ibn Yamin al-Faryumadi Tughra'i, d. 1344), commissioned for the library of the Timurid ruler, Ibrahim Sultan, bearing seal impressions of his father Shah Rukh bin Timur Transoxiana, probably Samarkand or Fars, first half of the 15th Century
An early illuminated anthology of poetry (divan) by Ibn Yamin (Amir Fakhr-ad-Din Mahmud ibn Yamin al-Faryumadi Tughra'i, d. 1344), commissioned for the library of the Timurid ruler, Ibrahim Sultan, bearing seal impressions of his father Shah Rukh bin Timur Transoxiana, probably Samarkand or Fars, first half of the 15th Century
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