Jean Daniel Welper (French, 1729-1780) Louis XV (1710–1774), King of France and of Navarre (1715-1774), wearing ermine cloak, white stock and lace cravat, collars of the Golden Fleece and the Order of the Holy Spirit, gold braiding at his right shoulder, curled and powdered wig

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Lot 47
Jean Daniel Welper
(French, 1729-1780)
Louis XV (1710–1774), King of France and of Navarre (1715-1774), wearing ermine cloak, white stock and lace cravat, collars of the Golden Fleece and the Order of the Holy Spirit, gold braiding at his right shoulder, curled and powdered wig

£ 1,000 - 1,500
US$ 1,300 - 2,000
Jean Daniel Welper (French, 1729-1780)
Louis XV (1710–1774), King of France and of Navarre (1715-1774), wearing ermine cloak, white stock and lace cravat, collars of the Golden Fleece and the Order of the Holy Spirit, gold braiding at his right shoulder, curled and powdered wig.
Watercolour on card, signed on the obverse J. D. Welper, gold frame.
Oval, 32mm (1 1/4in) high

Footnotes

  • The present lot derives from Louis-Michel van Loo's full-scale oil portrait of the Bourbon monarch. Painted in 1760 and located at the Palace of Versailles, it has become the most instantly recognisable portrait of the king.

    Louis XV succeeded his great-grandfather as King of France and Navarre at the age of five. Having initially enjoyed a number of military triumphs on the Continent, the people of France referred to Louis as 'le Bien-Aimé' but his reputation as a beloved ruler was not to last. Preoccupied with the excesses of court and heavily influenced by Madame de Pompadour, Louis XV came to make a series of bad decisions that would cripple France's economic stability and political might. His marriage with Marie Leszczyńska produced ten children but his notorious and numerous affairs produced countless others. As the extent of his debauchery and incompetency became clear amidst war in Europe and famine at home, Louis's demise came to be celebrated by the people of France. Upon his death in 1774, he left his ill-fated grandson, Louis XVI (1754-1793) to ride the growing wave of national unrest that would eventually tear the monarchy and its court to pieces in 1789.
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