TEWKESBURY ABBEY AND THE BATTLE OF TEWKESBURY

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Lot 495
TEWKESBURY ABBEY AND THE BATTLE OF TEWKESBURY

Sold for £ 8,400 (US$ 10,611) inc. premium
TEWKESBURY ABBEY AND THE BATTLE OF TEWKESBURY
AGREEMENT BETWEEN KING HENRY VII AND THE ABBOT OF TEWKESBURY arranging daily masses for himself, Elizabeth his Queen and their son Prince Arthur, and for dirges, obsequies and masses on the anniversary of the Battle of Tewkwsbury each year for his father Edmund Tudor Earl of Richmond and also for Edward Prince of Wales the son of Henry VI (and the last of the Lancastrian heirs of John of Gaunt), Edmond Beaufort Duke of Somerset and his brother Lord John of Somerset, the last three killed at or after the Battle of Tewkesbury (4 May 1471), and buried in the Abbey; and also an annual mass on the 5th day of June for all Christian souls, with specified penalties for failure, calligraphic first letter with strapwork, written in a bold Secretary hand, indented at head, slits for seal (seal wanting), large vellum membrane c.19 x 21 ½ inches, framed and glazed, with mount, 27 March (two days after the New Year in the Gregorian calendar) 1500

Footnotes

  • HONOURING THE LANCASTRIAN DEAD AT THE BEGINNING OF THE NEW CENTURY. IN ONE OF THE LAST ACTS OF THE WARS OF THE ROSES, HENRY VII ARRANGES SERVICES AT TEWKESBURY ABBEY FOR LEADING LANCASTRIANS ON THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE BATTLE OF TEWKESBURY.

    This Endenture made bitwene the moste high myghtye and Xpen kyng henry by the grace of god kyng of England and of ffraunce and lord of Irlond of that oone partie and Richard Abbottt of the monastrie of our blessed lady [Mary] of Tewkesbury and the Convent of the same place of the other partie. Witnesseth that where the kyng by his l[ett]res patentes hath yeven licence to the seid Abbotte and Convent and to their Successoures to ap[ro]pr[iat]e to theym and their Successours thavowsons or Patronages of the Church of Estleach within the Countie of Gloucestre and of the Church of Teynton within the Countie of Oxenford. and the same advowsons patronages and churches to be holden in p[ro]pre use to theym and their Successours forev[er]. Withoute eny thing for the same licence to the kyng paying. Of the whiche Advowsons patronages the seid Abbott and Convent be[e]n nowe seased of in their demeane as of fee as in the right of their seid monastrie. The seid Abbott & Convent by oone assent and Consent covenanteth and graunteth to the kyng that they and their Successours at their costes and charges before the feste of Christemas next comyng shall endevoir theym[selves] to cause the seid Advowsons Patronages and Churches sufficently and lawfully to be ap[ro]pr[iat]ed to theym[selves] and their Successours forev[er]. and after the same app[ro]riacon so hadde and made the seid Abbott and Convent and their Successours shall doo or cause to be done or sayde a masse daily forev[er] at the Aulter of Seynt James Thapposell in the North Isle of the Churche of the seid monastrie for the goode astates of seid most xpen kyng and hys moste derrest Wyf Elizabeth Queene of Englond and of the moste noble Prynce Arthur their first begoten Sonn and alle other the kynges moste noble issue whiles they ben in lyf and for their soules when hit shall pleas alle myghty god to call theym into his m[er]cy. for the soules also of Prynce Edward late Sonn to kyng harry the vjth the lord Edmond late Erle of Richmond ffader to the kyng lord Edmond late Duke of Som[er]set and of the lord John of Som[er]set departed oute of this naturell lyff on whos soules Jhu have m[er]cy. and yerely shall kepe the iiijth day of the moneth of may a solemp[e] dirige or obseque and the Vth day of the same moneth next after a solempn[e] masse of Requiem to be song for the soules aforseid and alle Cristen soules. And yf the seid Dirige and masse can not for causes reasonable to be kept and sayde at the dayes aforseid that then the same solmpn[e] dirge and masse shall be kept and sayde at other dayes in as convenient and brief tyme as hit may be sayde or doone after the same iiijth and vth dayes And the kyng our Sov[er]eigne lord hath yeven and delyv[ere]d the day of the date of thies p[re]sentes to the seid Abbott and Convent alle manner of Ornamentes necessary to be used for the ayunsciacion of the seid dyvyne s[er]vyces as shalbe thought moste expedient to thentent aforseid. And the seid Abbott and Convent graunteu[th] for theym and their Successours to kepe and repeyr the seid Ornamentes yeven by the kyng as ofte as nede shall requyre and in their stede and place to bygh or have newe at their p[ro]pre costes and charges or by their meanes for aynunsciacon for the seid dyvyne s[er]vyces as often as nede shall requyre for ev[er]. And the seid Abbott and Convent graunteu[th] for theym and their Successours to the kyng that as ofte as hit shall happen the seid obite dirige and masse or any parte therof to be not kepte oones in the yere at tymes afore lymyted so ofte the said Abbott and Covent and their Successours shall forfeit and pay to the kyng vjs viiijd in the name of a peyn[alty]. and as ofte as the seid dayly masse be behynde not sayde nor done by oone day that that so ofte the seid Abbott and Convent shall forfeit and pay to the kyng vjs viijd in the name opf a peyn[alty]. And as ofte as the seid Ornamentes be not sufficiently repeyred renewed and susteyned by the seid Abbott and Convent and their Successours. and when nede shall requyre newe Ornamentes instede and in place of the olde Ornamentes by the same Abbotte and Convent and their Successours to be bought within a quarter of a yere that they nede to be repayred renewed and susteyned that so ofte the seid Abbott and Convent and their Successours shall forfeit to the kyng iijli viijs viijd and that hit shalbe lawefull to the kyge and his heires for ev[er]y of the seid penalties as ofte as they or any of theym shall be forfeit to entre in to the the maner of Teyton in the Countie of Oxenford aforseid and in to alle the londes and Ten[emen]tes rentes Rev[er]cions and s[er]vyces of the seid Abbott and Convent and their Successours in Teynton aforseid within the same Countie and for the same penalties and ev[er]y of theym to distr[ain them]. And the distres so taken to lede cary awey enp[ar]ke and witholde til the kyng or hys heires be truly content and payde of the seid penalties and ev[er]y of ym so forfeited. In witnes wherof to the oone parte of theis endentures remaynyng with the said Abbott and Convent the kyng hath com[m]aunded hys grete Seale to be putte to. And the the other parte of the same Endentures remaynyng with the kyng and enrolled in hys Courte of the Chaunc[er]y and resident in the kynges Treasory the seid Abbott and Convent have putte their Coe[ventual?] Seal. Yeven the xvijth day of marche the xvth yere of hys reigne.
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