A George III Indian Peace Medal presented to Egomenay - Cornhanger - of the Arbre Croche of the Ottawas, together with two original documents dated 1764

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Lot 28
A George III Indian Peace Medal presented to Egomenay - Cornhanger - of the Arbre Croche of the Ottawas, together with two original documents dated 1764

CA$ 20,000 - 30,000
US$ 16,000 - 23,000
Withdrawn
A George III Indian Peace Medal presented to Egomenay - Cornhanger - of the Arbre Croche of the Ottawas, together with two original documents dated 1764
An undated example, in silver, 78mm. diam. with original suspension, Obv. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA. Bust of George III to the right, in armour and wearing the Sash of the Order of the Garter, his hair in a single curl above the ear. Seven rivets to the front of the breast-plate, six above,and one below the sash. Hairline above the shoulder. Rev. Royal Arms and Supporters in high relief, the arms surrounded by the legend HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE. The lion's paw touching the N in HONI.

For a similar example see M.A.Jamieson; Medals Awarded to Indian Chiefs 1714-1922. 1936 page 23 fig.17

Certificate from Henry Gladwin, Commandant of Detroit; two folds, some tears, frayed edges to paper, laid down. In full “By Maj Henry Gladwin Esq Commandant of the Detroit and its dependencis/ This is to certify that the bearer Egominey/ a chief of the Ottawas of Michilimackinac is one of those who/ conducted that Garrison and the Garrison of Labay to Montreal/ last Summer; who from his good character merits the note/ of Sir William Johnson/ To all Concerned/ Given under my hand and Seal/ at Detroit the 4th July 1764/ Henry Gladwin”

Certificate from Sir William Johnson, Agent and Superintendant of Indian Affairs; many folds, tears and frayed edges, laid down. In Full “By the Honorable Sir William/ Johnson Baronet. His Majesty’s Sole/ Agent and superintendent of Indian/ Affairs for the Northern parts of North America/ Colonel of the six united sections their Allies and/ Dependants etc etc etc/ To Negominy(sic) These are to Certify that the Bearer/ an Indian Chief/ of the Ottawas Nations has been well recommended by the/ Officers commanding the out post for his Services in saving the/ Garrison of Michilimackinac and La Bay last year from the/ Fury of the Enemy and also taking them down to Montreal/ With the Traders Goods. For all which as well as for his behav/ iour here and the engagement he has now entered into/ before me. I give him this Testimonial as a proof of my/ Esteem for his Services/ Given Under My Hand and Seal/ at Arms at Niagara the first day / of August 1764 WM.Johnson”

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    By descent through the family

    Note:
    In September 1761 Lt.James Gorrell was sent from the British-held fort at Detroit to take possession of the forts at Michilimackinac and La Baye. Arriving at Michilimackinac he left a small garrison there under the command of Captain Etherington, and proceeded on to La Baye, arriving there in October. He spent the rest of that year and the following year at the fort making necessary repairs and establishing good relations with the Indians.

    In the spring of 1763 the Ottawa chief Pontiac organized a rebellion of the Upper Great Lakes tribes against the British. By June they had captured most of the western forts, but Pontiac was unable to capture the fort at Detroit, which was under the command of Major Henry Gladwin.

    In June 1763 Etherington wrote to Gorrell asking for his aid as Michilimackinac had been attacked and overrun by the Chippewas, and that he and a few others had sought safety with the Ottawas.

    Gorrell, accompanied by chiefs and their warriors who were friendly to the British, met with Etherington and were all safely delivered by their allies to Montreal in August of that year.

    Chief Ego-me-ney was speaker of the Ottawas and would have been part of the delegation who accompanied Gorrell and the other survivors to Montreal. The certificates from Gladwin and Sir William Johnson attest to his presence on this journey.


    Literature:
    Andrew J.Blackbird, History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan, Ypsilanti Michigan 1887.pp 6,7.

    Lt. James Gorrell, Gorrell's Journal, commencing at Detroit September 8th. 1761 and ending at Montreal August 13th. 1763. Wisconsin Historical Collection.

    The Papers of Sir William Johnson, University of the State of New York, Albany 1921-1965.
    Report of an Indian Congress at Niagara, 15th.July 1764. "The Ottawa of L'Arbre Croache near Michillimackinac waited on Sir Wm. Johnson at.....to the number of..... with the following Chiefs, vizt. Kocuskum, Egorniney, and Nosawaquet. After delivering their Passes ( in which they were strongly recommended by Major Gladwin ) ...."

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  • This lot has been withdrawn from the sale
A George III Indian Peace Medal presented to Egomenay - Cornhanger - of the Arbre Croche of the Ottawas, together with two original documents dated 1764
A George III Indian Peace Medal presented to Egomenay - Cornhanger - of the Arbre Croche of the Ottawas, together with two original documents dated 1764
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