English School, 17th Century Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), profile to right, wearing brass studded steel armour and white lawn collar

This lot has been removed from the website, please contact customer services for more information

Lot 106
English School
17th Century
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), profile to right, wearing brass studded steel armour and white lawn collar

Sold for £ 1,800 (US$ 2,222) inc. premium
English School, 17th Century
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), profile to right, wearing brass studded steel armour and white lawn collar.
Watercolour on vellum, gilt-metal frame, set in a fishskin case with brass hinge.
Oval, 57mm (2 1/4in) high

Footnotes

  • Born in 1599, in Huntingdon, near Cambridge, Cromwell grew up in genteel poverty; not quite a member of the nobility, yet not a commoner either. In 1620 he married Elizabeth Bourchier. He was elected as a member of Parliament for Huntingdon and attended the Parliament of 1628-9. It was not until 1640 when he was back in Parliament, representing Cambridge that he really made his mark. He was one of the most outspoken critics of royal policies and of the established Anglican church. He also advocated increased Parliamentary powers.

    When fighting broke out in 1642, Cromwell was named a captain of horse, but within a year he was Lieutenant General of Horse for the Army of the Eastern Association. In 1645, the three largest Parliamentary armies were combined. Parliamentary leaders could not agree on who should lead the cavalry of the new army, so they appointed Cromwell as temporary commander for 40 days. The temporary appointment was renewed many times over until finally becoming permanent in 1647. Cromwell agreed with the idea that Charles I would abdicate in favour of one of his sons. But once it became clear that the king would not be swayed, Cromwell became one of the most vocal supporters of regicide.

    After the death of Charles, Cromwell participated in the debates of the "Rump Parliament", which sat until 1653. Finally, tired of the continuous bickering and lack of real desire for reform, he dissolved the Rump and took up the reigns as Lord Protector, head of an executive council. Several efforts were made to have him named king, but this Cromwell resisted firmly. His rule was a time of rigid social and religious laws on radical Protestant lines.

    On September 3, 1658, Cromwell died. After abortive attempts by his son, Richard, to govern as Lord Protector, Charles II was called back from exile to resume the monarchy. In 1661 Cromwell's body was exhumed from its grave and hung at Tyburn. Then his head was cut off and put on public display for nearly 20 years outside Westminster Hall.
Auction information

This sale is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future sales, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this sale, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories, buyer's premium excluding Cars, Motorbikes, Wine, Whisky and Coin & Medal sales, will be as follows:

Buyer's Premium Rates
27.5% on the first £20,000 of the hammer price;
26% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £20,000 up to and including £700,000;
20% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £700,000 up to and including £4,500,000;
and 14.5% of the hammer price of any amounts in excess of £4,500,000.

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

For payment information please refer to the sale catalogue.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licences please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

App