A Fine And Rare Cased Lloyd's Patriotic Fund Sword And Belt Of £100 Value To Jaheel Brenton Esq., Ca

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Lot 409
A Fine And Rare Cased Lloyd's Patriotic Fund Sword And Belt Of £100 Value To Jahleel Brenton Esq., Captain Of H.M.S. Spartan
Presented In 1810

Sold for £ 84,000 (US$ 104,284) inc. premium
A Fine And Rare Cased Lloyd's Patriotic Fund Sword And Belt Of £100 Value To Jahleel Brenton Esq., Captain Of H.M.S. Spartan
Presented In 1810
With curved single-edged hollow-ground blade (some minor wear and surface rust) richly etched and gilt against a blued ground with flowers, foliage, a naval trophy, figures of Britannia and Victory, the former with two cherubs holding wreaths above, crowned royal arms and cypher of George III, and the presentation inscription, stirrup hilt of ormolu, the quillons formed as fasces, the knuckle-guard as the club of Hercules club entwined by a serpent and retaining its original bullion and blue silk sword-knot (incomplete), the langets cast with acanthus foliage and naval trophies, the back-piece of the partly chequered ivory grip (minor chip) cast as the skin of the Nemean Lion, in its border engraved scabbard of ormolu decorated with oakleaves along the top edge, cast and chased with naval medallions on each side enclosing the figures of Britannia with the inscription 'Spartan 1810' above, and Hercules and the Hydra, and the Nemean Lion, the open panels with cast, pierced and chased elaborate naval trophies on navy blue velvet grounds, the two suspension loops in the form of coiled serpents, the chape with a border of graduated beads, the top edge of the locket engraved 'R. Teed. Sword Cutlers. Lancaster Court. Strand', and retaining most of its original blued and gilt finish; the belt of blue leather faced in navy blue velvet embroidered with foliage in silver-gilt threads and spangles (some wear and minor losses), the gilt mounts including lion-mask bosses, the interlocking circular buckle cast and chased with Britannia fighting the Hydra above 'Patriotic Fund 1803': in original fitted mahogany case lined in navy blue baize, the interior of the lid with illustrated maker's label inscribed 'Patriotic Fund, Lloyd's, 1803. The ornamented design for the Hilts of the Swords, Presented from this Fund, in reward of British Valour, imports the National Union (figured by the Roman Fasces) Produces Herculean Efforts, (of which the hilt of Hercules is emblematic;) Which, Aided By Wisdom, (denoted by the Serpent) Lead to Victory, (implied by the Skin of the Nemean Lion, - the proudest of that Hero's Trophies), the Wreath of Laurel denotes that Rewards Await the Brave who shall Successfully Wield their Swords in the Cause of their Country, in Defence of British Security, Independence & Honor', the exterior with flush-fitting brass carrying handle and circular escutcheon engraved 'From the Patriotic Fund Lloyds London to Jaheel Brenton Esq. Captn. of HMS Spartan 1810'
75 cm. blade

Footnotes

  • Literature:
    Commander W.E. May, R.N. and P.G. Annis, Swords for Sea Service, 1970, p. 70

    The presentation inscription reads: 'From The Patriotic Fund At Lloyds, To Jahleel Brenton Esq. Capt. Of H.M.S. Spartan, In Commemoration Of A Very Gallant Action Fought In The Bay Of Naples, Against A Superior Force Of The Enemy, On The 3d. May 1810 In Which He Was Severly Wounded, As Recorded In The London Gazette Of The 4th August 1810. British Forces 38 Guns, 258 Men. French Force 96 Guns, 1108 Men.'

    Offered with an off-print of The Quarterly Review, Vol. LXXIX. No. CLVIII of 1847, Art I. - Memoir of the Life and Services of Vice-Admiral Sir Jahleel Brenton, Baronet, K.C.B, edited by the Rev. Henry Raikes, Chancellor of the Diocese of Chester, 1846, pp. 273-310

    Jahleel Brenton was born in Rhode Island, U.S.A. in 1770. His father served in the Royal Navy and, as a loyalist, suffered the loss of his property in the War of Independence. He entered the Navy in 1781, serving as a midshipman on his father's ship. He studied in England and passed his Lieutenant's examination but as he was unable to gain a commission served with the Swedish Navy against the Russians. He was commissioned in 1790 and served as Lieutenant on the Barfleur at Cape St. Vincent. As commander of the brig Speedy he saw much action in the Straits of Gibraltar. He served as flag-captain to Sir James Saumarez in the battle at Algeciras in 1801. In 1803 he was shipwrecked and taken prisoner by the French. Exchanged some years later he was appointed Captain of the Spartan (46) in 1807 under Lord Collingwood in the Mediterranean

    On the 3rd of May 1810 in the Bay of Naples, the Spartan engaged a French frigate, the Cérès, a large corvette, a brig and a cutter mounting in total 95 guns with about 1400 men as opposed to the Spartan's 46 guns and 258 men. After a fierce battle during which the French brig struck her colours and Brenton was wounded in the hip by grapeshot, the remaining French ships retreated to the protection of the batteries of Baia. It was for this action that he was awarded a sword by the Patriotic Fund, created a baronet and presented with the Grand Cross of St. Ferdinand

    After recovering from his wounds he was made Commissioner of the dockyard at Port Mahon and then at the Cape of Good Hope. He was appointed K.C.B. in 1815 and he attained flag rank in 1830. He died in 1844. A memoir of his life and services, based on his own papers, was published in 1846 (see above)

    The Patriotic Fund at Lloyds ceased presenting swords in 1809 but a few officers asked permission to have a sword made. This sword was ordered by the Fund from Richard Teed and the accounts show it was paid for directly by them. This is, therefore, the very last sword of £100 value to be presented
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