French School, circa 1692 James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766), "The Old Pretender", as a child, wearing embroidered claret-coloured dress trimmed at the neck with white lace, breast star and blue sash of the Garter

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Lot 46
French School
circa 1692
James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766), "The Old Pretender", as a child, wearing embroidered claret-coloured dress trimmed at the neck with white lace, breast star and blue sash of the Garter

Sold for £ 5,040 (US$ 6,787) inc. premium
French School, circa 1692
James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766), "The Old Pretender", as a child, wearing embroidered claret-coloured dress trimmed at the neck with white lace, breast star and blue sash of the Garter.
Oil on copper, silver frame with pierced spiral cresting and filligree reverse backed with dark blue velvet.
Oval, 61mm (2 3/8in) high

Footnotes

  • James Francis Edward Stuart was the son and heir of the Catholic James II and his Italian queen, Mary of Modena. The crisis prompted by his birth in 1688 inspired the so-called 'Glorious Revolution', which saw his parents flee to the Continent and his half-sister, Mary II, take the throne with her Dutch husband, William of Orange.

    Resident at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Versailles, the Stuart Court in exile continued to commission portraits from leading painters of the day. The purpose was primarily one of propoganda - it was considered vital that supporters back in England should recognise the king and his heirs. James II had previously sat for Nicolas de Largillière (French, 1656-1746) and he was the artist approached to paint the infant Prince of Wales (who would come to be known as 'The Old Pretender'), in 1691. James Francis Edward would go on to sit for him on various occasions throughout his childhood. In terms of costume and pose, the present work relates to Largilliere's portrait of 1692, in which the prince wears the Order of the Garter, awarded to him by his father when he was aged just three, see exhibition catalogue, The King over the Water, Portraits of the Stuarts in Exile after 1689, Scottish National Portrait Gallery, 2001, ill.p.38, fig.10.

    Given the failed Jacobite rebellions of the early eighteenth-century, it is perhaps ironic to note that, under different circumstances, James III would have had the longest reign of any monarch in British history.
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