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Lot 313
A Rare 20-Bore Austrian Or German Breech-Loading Flintlock Rifled Carbine
Circa 1655-1660, Almost Certainly Viennese

Sold for £ 3,600 (US$ 4,773) inc. premium
A Rare 20-Bore Austrian Or German Breech-Loading Flintlock Rifled Carbine
Circa 1655-1660, Almost Certainly Viennese
With swamped turn-off barrel rifled with eight grooves, the rear of the breech hollowed for sighting, cut with interrupted screw joint and drilled to receive the locking bolt, the exterior with applied iron hood covering almost half of its circumference, brass bead fore-sight, iron back-sight (extra leaf replaced), spherical breech with matching hood, grooved for sighting, and with applied pan and steel, the steel-spring made to fit flush with the underside of the pan, long tang retained by two screws from beneath, flat bevelled back-action lock with stepped tail and convex cock retained by a bolt from inside, later flat-sided bellied figured walnut butt, convex russet iron trigger-guard, flat brass butt-plate secured by iron nails and engraved 'No. 17.', set trigger (adjustment mechanism missing) with sliding safety-catch to the rear, and iron sling-mount under the barrel (iron parts with minor surface pitting)
75.9 cm. barrel

Footnotes

  • Literature:
    G. de Vries and B.J. Martens, The Visser Collection, vol. I, part 4, cat. no. 926, pp. 556-557

    This carbine is very similar to another, formerly in the collection of W.G. Renwick (sold by Sotheby & Co., London, 23 July 1974, lot 62), made in Vienna, signed 'Jonss (or Jouss) Goliar à Viene' and dated 1657. J. Jouss Goliar, probably of French or Swiss origin, made a further similar rifle, now in the Bargello, Florence (inv. no. M33), presented by the Emperor Leopold I of Austria (to whom he was gunmaker) to Grand Duke Ferdinando II. A third rifle (in the Royal Armoury, Dresden, inv. no. HMD G30) was made in 1658 by Michael Gull, also in Vienna, and the system was also used by Heinrich Moritz of Kassel and Daniel René of Heidelberg

    The present carbine appears to be unfinished (and 'in the white' apart from the trigger-guard). It may therefore be experimental - i.e. the prototype of the others mentioned above
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